Author: Dr. Vikram Chauhan

Natural Ways to Treat Psoriasis in Ayurveda

Psoriasis, a skin condition with red patch which is dry and itchy in nature, is non-infectious and inflammatory. It is derived from Greek word ‘Psora’ means itch or scale and ‘Iasis’ defines condition. It is chronic in nature, characterized by erythematous (reddish) demarcated papule covered with silver scaly patches.This condition happens due to increase in skin layer proliferation due to uncontrolled division of cells in the skin in its basal layer.

Psoriasis, an auto-immune disease misread the skin cells as pathogen, and sends out faulty signals which stimulates the increased division of skin cells.

Areas affected are scalp, ears, elbows, genitalia and on the palm and feet.

Different Types of Psoriasis:

Different Types of Psoriasis

  • Plaque psoriasis – Raised and reddish patches on skin covered by silver scaling.
  • Pustular psoriasis -White pustules surrounded by red skin.
  • Psoriatic arthritis – Which leads to inflammation of joints.
  • Guttate psoriasis – Small, red spots on the skin
  • Inverse psoriasis – Smooth, red lesions form in skin folds.
  • Erythrodermic Psoriasis – Affecting the large area of the skin and there is redness and increased shedding of the scaly skin.

Psoriasis as per Ayurveda says :

Ayurveda explains Psoriasis occurs due to vitiation of two doshas– vata and kapha. This causes accumulation of toxins in the deeper tissues of skin like rasa (nutrient plasma), rakta (blood), mansa (muscles), and lasika (lymphatic). This contamination of deeper tissues causes Psoriasis.

Some Causes for Psoriasis :

Exact causes or etiology of Psoriasis is not known but certain factors are considered to be the reason for this condition:

  • Infections such as streptococcal infection.
  • Psychological stress and emotional stress.
  • Hormonal changes as in pregnancy.
  • Certain Drugs: Beta blockers, NSAIDS, Anti-depressant, Corticosteroid therapy withdrawal, Alcoholic beverages etc.
  • Traumatized or injured skin.
  • Sunburns.
  • Genetic factors and Family history
  • Smoking and Tobacco also enhances its effect

Causative Factors in View of Ayurveda

  • Improper diet (Mithya Ahara)
  • Incompatible foods (Viruddha Aahar )
  • Increased intake of salty foods, black gram and sour foods, fermented foods, spicy foods, maida (Refined flour), bakery products, junk foods and fast foods, refrigerated and cold foods may contribute to psoriasis.
  • Improper lifestyle disturbing the digestive process of the of the body (disrupting doshas)
  • Un known cause- Adrista Hetu
  • Excessive Mental and physical stress

Symptoms of Psoriasis :

  • Raised red patches and scales on the skin covered by loose silvery scales, involving skin area such as knees, elbows, scalp, hands, feet or lower back.
  • Skin patches are dry and itchy
  • Pain and inflammation
  • Skin patch may bleed
  • Emotional Stress
  • Restricted joint motion

Complication occurring in Psoriasis

Scratching done to relieve itching may cause skin infections and thickening of the skin.

  • Thickened skin and bacterial skin infections caused by scratching in an attempt to relieve severe itching
  • In case of severe condition of pustule psoriasis, it results in fluid and electrolyte imbalance.
  • Patient may  develop low self-esteem
  • Depression, Stress, Anxiety, Social isolation
  • Patient suffering from Psoriasis is at high risk of developing some disease like metabolic syndrome, agglomeration of disease including high blood pressure and elevated levels of insulin; inflammatory bowel disease; cardiovascular disease and, possibly cancer.
  • Add on disease is psoriatic arthritis is painful and may weaken the patient. Patient feels difficulty in performing daily activities.

Restricted Diets in Psoriasis:

  • Abstain from acidic (sour) foods, citrus fruits (mango, lemon) , apple, , grapes, tomato, pineapple, pickles, buttermilk and curd
  • Keep your diet free of fermented food and bakery products.
  • Avoid using whey and refined flour in your diet.
  • Stop use of cold drinks, ice creams, fast food (like pizzas), sauces, Ketchup and even fried foods.
  • Fruit jams, preserved juices or preserved foods should be avoided in diet.
  • Avoid sweets, chocolates and paneer.
  • Dried fruits (except almonds and raisins) to be avoided
  • Stop alcohol and tobacco use.
  • Avoid the use of common salt, it can be replaced with little use of rock salt.
  • Avoid the use of red and green chilies, chili powder, garlic, onion, etc.
  •  Stop having milk shakes, fruit salad, and milk after eating fruits for half an hour.

Useful Natural Remedies for Psoriasis :

  • Try to avoid any kind of injury to the skin.
  • Exposure to morning sun is very beneficial for reducing the inflammation and scaling on effected part of the skin.
  • Don’t try to control any urge for natural phenomenon like vomiting, urination or bowel clearing.
  • Application of vitamin E rich oil and linseed oils makes the healing faster in affected area.
  • Prefer to wear neat, clean, dry cotton clothes.
  • Do regular exercise, Yoga and Meditation in day to day routine.

Herbs useful in Psoriasis treatment:

  • Aloe Vera– Helpful in reducing redness and itching in Psoriasis.
  • Capsaicin – Ingredient in Chillies helpful in reduction of pain, inflammation, redness and scaling.
  • Guggul – Having anti- inflammatory and lipid lowering properties, which is helpful in removing fats and excessive fluids in the skin.
  • Turmeric – Useful being an anti- inflammatory and antioxidant.
  • Neem – Useful in purifying blood and a good detoxifier, enhances body’s immune system.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Psoriasis

Ayurvedic Treatment for Psoriasis

 

Herbal formulations available in Planet Ayurveda for Psoriasis.

1) NEEM CAPSULES:

Ingredients – Neem leaves (Azadirachta indica), rich in fibers and carbohydrates.

Benefits – It is very efficacious for skin problems. It is beneficial to lessen disturbed Pitta, Vatta and Kapha doshas. It’s a good blood purifier and an anti-oxidant as well.

It boosts up the immune system also. It also acts as anti-arthritic it relieves from inflammation and pain.

Dose:1 cap twice daily with plain water after meal.

2) NAVKARSHIK CHURNA (Powder):

  • A pure herbal formulation without any added chemical in to it.

Ingredients (herbs) – Amla, Haritaki, Baheda, Vacha, Neem, Majistha, Kutaki, Giloy and Daruharidra.

Benefits:It contains triphala which helps to remove the toxins from the body and strengthens the immune system too. It removes the toxins from the body.

  • Neem, kutaki, majistha are blood purifier which help to corrects the metabolism of the body.
  • Giloy act as an immunomodulator and improves immunity whereas Daruharidra is anti-inflammatory herb.

Dose:1 teaspoon once daily with plain water after meal.

3) KAISHORE GUGGUL (Capsule):

Ingredients: Amalaki, Bihibitaki, Haritaki, Guggul (resin), Guduchi, ginger, Black pepper, Long Pepper, Vidhanga, Indian jalp and Red Physic Nut.

Benefits: Triphla, a good anti-biotic, anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory and booster of immune system.

  • Black Pepper helpful in decreasing pain and inflammation.
  • Long pepper- useful in respiratory disorders.
  • Vidhanga, blood purifier.

Dose:2 Tablets twice daily with plain water after meal.

4) RADIANT HAIR SKIN NAIL CAPSULES:

  • MaintainS healthy skin, hair and nails.

Ingredients: Majistha, Pit papada, Chirata, Ghritkumari.

Benefits:Majistha, herb- Effective in treatment of skin disorders due to its rejuvenative property.

  • Pit-papada an analgesic and anti-inflammatory
  • Chirata maintains the balance of three doshas of the body, acting as an anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant.
  • Ghritkumari, maintains the balance of the body system, stimulates the defense and adaptive mechanism of the body. Good wound healer. It also helps in rejuvenating the skin, by supplying oxygen to the skin cells, improves the flow of blood to the skin and strengthen the skin.

Dose:2 Cap twice daily with plain water after meal.

5. RADIANT SKIN LOTION:

  • Treating psoriasis by reducing skin patches.

Dose:Apply locally morning and evening on the affected area.

6. GREEN TEA-ALGAE ALOE VERA GEL SCRUB (Gel)

  • Used as bathing soap. It  removes the impurities out of the skin.

Dose: Gentle Massage on the affected part while bathing.

Methods of Diagnosis in Ayurveda

Ayurveda is science of life which is composed of two sanskrit words (“ayur = life and “veda” = knowledge or science). It is a natural healing system which has been originated around 5000 years ago in the Vedic culture of India.

In Ayurveda it is believed that good health depends on an appropriate balance between body, mind and spirit. Ayurveda works on this concept that use of herbs, a balanced diet and a good life style can cure ailments.

Concept of Ayurveda

ayurveda-article

According to Ayurveda, everything in the universe either it is living or non living is connected with each other. Good health can be achieved when body, mind and spirit are in equilibrium with universe. Disruption of this equilibrium leads to poor health.

Every individual is having five basic elements as in the universe-

  • Space
  • Air
  • Fire
  • Water
  • Earth

These elements combine in the body and form the three energies called as doshas. These three energies are responsible to maintain the physical and mental health. Three energies are vata (wind), pitta (fire) and kapha (earth+ water). These energies are important to maintain the good health. Imbalance of any of three energies results in the health complications.

वायु: पित्तं कफश्चेति त्रयो दोषा: समासत: विकृताऽविकृता देहं घ्नन्ति ते वर्त्तयन्ति

The above vedic text explains that vata (vayu), pitta (fire) and kapha (earth) are the three doshas in the body. Appropriate balance of three doshas leads to the health whereas imbalance in tridoshas is responsible for diseases.

Methods of diagnosis in Ayurveda

ayurveda diginosis

Diagnosis is very important aspect of Ayurvedic treatment. Diagnosis means to find out the basic cause of a disease (Nidan). Without the proper diagnosis it is difficult to suggest medicine and cure the diseases.

Causative factors of diseases may be improper eating habits, life style and various other activities. In Ayurveda, treatment is done according to constitution of an individual.

Two Main methods of Diagnosis in Ayurveda:

  • Rog Pariksha ( Diagnosis of a disease)
  • Rogi Pariksha ( Examination of a patient)
  • Rog Pariksha ( Diagnosis of a disease)

It has been mentioned in Charak Samhita  vimaan sthan chapter 4.

Three ayurvedic diagnostic methods are applied for diagnosis of disease :

  • Aaptoupdesh(As is advised by ancient sages)
  • Pratyaksh(Direct observation)
  • Anumaan(Guess worke.g. to know digestive power of patient)
  • Rogi Pariksha ( Examination of a patient) –It is done by three methods of diagnosis in Ayurveda:

!)Tri-fold examination of a patient was given by Maharshi Vagbhata (the author of text book of Ashtanghridayam)

  • Observation (Darshan).
  • Touch, palpation and percussion(Sparshan)
  • Questioning (Prashan).

2) TENFOLD EXAMINATION (DASHVIDHA PAREKSHA) – Tenfold examination was given byAcharya Charaka in Charak Samhita  vimaan sthan chapter 8

Ten-fold examination of a patient has following 10 methods:

  • Prakriti (Body type/ Body constitution)
  • Vikriti (illness)
  • Sara(Outlook of patient)
  • Samhanan, (Type of food consumption like vegetarian and non –vegetarian)
  • Satva (Mental strength of patient)
  • Satmya (What suits to patient)
  • Aaharshakti (Food intake)
  • Vyayam-shakti( Physical fitness )
  • Vaya (Age)

Pramana( The quantitative measures) for examining a patient. Abnormalities related to the Structure and functions of body are observed.

3) EIGHTFOLD EXAMINATION (ASTHAVIDHA) – Eightfold examination as the name suggests that there are eight methods for the diagnosis. These types are more practical and useful.  It helps to get on quick diagnosis of an OPD patient. The Eight-fold examination of a patient has given by Yogratnakara

methods of ayurveda

In above Ayurvedic text it is explained that there are eight things (nadi -pulse, mala- feces, mutra- urine, jihva – tongue, shabda – hoarseness of voice, sparsha – touch, drik – examination of eyes, akruti – shape of body) which are to be examined by ayurvedic physician for making proper diagnosis of a disease.

pulse diagnosis in Ayurveda

  • Pulse examination (Nadi preekshan) – In this examination strength, rhythm and speed of pulse are observed to make a diagnosis.
  • If pulse is felt irregular (missing at intervals) or moving fast it can be compared to moving like a snake (sarpavat) that means vata is dominant in that pulse.
  • If pulse is having good volume with a throb and it can be compared to jumping frog (mandookvat) then pitta is dominant in that pulse.
  • If pulse is heavy or slow and its movement is like moving swan (hansvat) then kapha is dominant in that pulse.
  • Urine examination (Mootra preeksha) – Color and turbidity of urine is observed by naked eyes.
  • Fecal examination (Mala preeksha) –Examination of fecal matter is also done by naked eyes in order to see blood in stool and its floating nature (jalnimajan preeksha).
  • Tongue observation (Jivha preekshan) – Tongue of patient is examined for any discoloration, ulcers and white coating.
  • Examination of the voice and speech of pateint (Swar preekshan) – Hoarseness of voice is observed.
  • Skin and touch examination (Sparash preekshan) – Temperature of body, color and texture of skin is observed by Sparash preeksha.
  • Observation of eyes (Netra preekshan) – Color of iris, sclera and conjunctiva is observed.