Category: Hair Health

Best Home Remedies for Dandruff and Itchy Scalp

Dandruff or pityriasis capitis is a cosmetic problem is a simple scaling of the skin on the scalp in which a fungus/yeast called malassezia might play a role. This aggravate the scalp and cause excess skin cell growth. The top layer of the skin is constantly being shed and renewed . Due to inflammation of the scalp some cells stick together and shed as large lumps of cells or visible flakes known as dandruff.

The most common reasons for dry and itchy scalp are a skin condition called Seborrheic Dermatitis which leads to redness, itching and flaking skin. When this affects the scalp , it is termed as Dandruff. It is mainly due to irritated and oily skin.Dandruff can easily be treated using medicated shampoos and in rare cases steroid creams are needed. Men develop dandruff more often than women.

Causes of Getting Dandruff

  • According to some, deficiency of Vitamin D from lack of sunlight in winters is one reason to develop dandruff. Dandruff is at its worst during winters as it is really cold .
  • The simplest reason of getting dandruff or making the condition worse is not washing the hair often enough. This causes the skin cells to accumulate and create itching and flakes.
  • Stress is another factor that can make dandruff worse.

Symptoms of Dandruff


  • Flaking, itchy and scaly scalp are the most common symptoms of dandruff.
  • Scalp psoriasis may also lead to dandruff like itching and flaking. Psoriasis is not dandruff but people with psoriasis are more likely to get dandruff. People with Parkinson’s and HIV are prone to dandruff . People with oiler hair are at higher risk of developing dandruff.

Home Remedies to Treat Dandruff and Itchy Scalp


Coconut Oil

Restoring moisture to the scalp helps with itchiness.  The best product to be used is coconut oil as it has moisturizing and antibacterial properties. It has anti-fungal properties and helps in stopping dandruff. Massage a spoon of warm coconut oil on the scalp for 5 minutes, focusing on the roots .The oil should be kept on for half an hour or overnight. Then it could be rinsed off with the shampoo.

Baking Soda

Mixing 2-3 spoons of baking soda with water and apply to the hair. It is advised to apply some olive oil on the hair before using baking soda paste on the scalp. Let it remain for 10 minutes and then rinsed with water. This procedure should be repeated twice a week for best results. Baking soda helps exfoliate the scalp and remove the dead skin right away. It also eliminates excess oil and promotes a healthy pH balance thereby preventing the growth of yeast.

Apple Cider Vinegar

Mixing half cup of Apple Cider Vinegar with half cup of water and massaging in the scalp is another simple, easy home remedy to overcome dandruff. It should be left on for 15 minutes and then rinsed with cold water. This procedure should be repeated twice a week for best results. Apple Cider Vinegar is known for its probiotics and anti-inflammatory properties. It soothes the scalp irritation and prevents dandruff from coming back. Apple Cider Vinegar works by changing the pH of the scalp and making it difficult for yeast or dandruff forming fungi to grow .

Fresh Lemon Juice

Massaging fresh lemon juice on to the scalp for atleast 5 minutes is another way to get rid of itchy scalp. This procedure may be repeated every day till the itchiness goes away.

Banana and Avocado Mixture

Another very simple and effective home remedy to keep dandruff at bay is using banana and avocado mixture. One needs to mash 2 bananas with 1 avacado and apply it onto the scalp . This mixture should be left for half an hour and then rinsed with cold water. This procedure can be repeated daily.

Essential Oil

Essential oil like tea tree oil is known as a natural anti fungal , anti inflammatory and anti bacteria oil. One needs to mix at least 3 drops of tea tree oil with a spoon of olive oil and massage it in the scalp . This can be rinsed in few minutes with normal water.  Olive oil is one of the best moisturizers so it provides instant relief for dry, itchy scalp.

Tea tree oil can also be mixed with 2 spoons of aloe vera gel and applied to the scalp .The mix can be left overnight and rinse in the morning. This procedure may be repeated a few times in a week for best results.Simply massaging pure aloe vera gel directly onto the scalp and leaving it on for few minutes is also very effective. This can be washed off with the shampoo later.  Aloe vera contains pectin which helps strengthen the cells in the scalp and stimulating the growth and division of healthy , dandruff free new cells.

Anti-Dandruff Garlic Hair Mask

Anti-dandruff garlic hair mask can be easily made by crushing 5 to 6 cloves of garlic and mixed with some honey .The mix can be applied to the scalp and left on for 10 minutes . This can be rinsed with water and shampoo. Garlic , when crushed releases an enzyme known as allicin which is antibacterial and antifungal in nature. It has antioxidants that prevent infection and keep dandruff from coming back.

Lifestyle Changes to Overcome Dandruff and Itchy Scalp

It is advised not to use too many products in the hair as they can irritate the scalp and lead to more itching.One needs to relax as stress compromises the immune system and aggravates the dandruff. Brushing the hair regularly increases blood flow to the scalp and aids the normal shedding of the skin thereby reducing risk of dandruff.

Methods of Diagnosis in Ayurveda

Ayurveda is science of life which is composed of two sanskrit words (“ayur = life and “veda” = knowledge or science). It is a natural healing system which has been originated around 5000 years ago in the Vedic culture of India.

In Ayurveda it is believed that good health depends on an appropriate balance between body, mind and spirit. Ayurveda works on this concept that use of herbs, a balanced diet and a good life style can cure ailments.

Concept of Ayurveda


According to Ayurveda, everything in the universe either it is living or non living is connected with each other. Good health can be achieved when body, mind and spirit are in equilibrium with universe. Disruption of this equilibrium leads to poor health.

Every individual is having five basic elements as in the universe-

  • Space
  • Air
  • Fire
  • Water
  • Earth

These elements combine in the body and form the three energies called as doshas. These three energies are responsible to maintain the physical and mental health. Three energies are vata (wind), pitta (fire) and kapha (earth+ water). These energies are important to maintain the good health. Imbalance of any of three energies results in the health complications.

वायु: पित्तं कफश्चेति त्रयो दोषा: समासत: विकृताऽविकृता देहं घ्नन्ति ते वर्त्तयन्ति

The above vedic text explains that vata (vayu), pitta (fire) and kapha (earth) are the three doshas in the body. Appropriate balance of three doshas leads to the health whereas imbalance in tridoshas is responsible for diseases.

Methods of diagnosis in Ayurveda

ayurveda diginosis

Diagnosis is very important aspect of Ayurvedic treatment. Diagnosis means to find out the basic cause of a disease (Nidan). Without the proper diagnosis it is difficult to suggest medicine and cure the diseases.

Causative factors of diseases may be improper eating habits, life style and various other activities. In Ayurveda, treatment is done according to constitution of an individual.

Two Main methods of Diagnosis in Ayurveda:

  • Rog Pariksha ( Diagnosis of a disease)
  • Rogi Pariksha ( Examination of a patient)
  • Rog Pariksha ( Diagnosis of a disease)

It has been mentioned in Charak Samhita  vimaan sthan chapter 4.

Three ayurvedic diagnostic methods are applied for diagnosis of disease :

  • Aaptoupdesh(As is advised by ancient sages)
  • Pratyaksh(Direct observation)
  • Anumaan(Guess worke.g. to know digestive power of patient)
  • Rogi Pariksha ( Examination of a patient) –It is done by three methods of diagnosis in Ayurveda:

!)Tri-fold examination of a patient was given by Maharshi Vagbhata (the author of text book of Ashtanghridayam)

  • Observation (Darshan).
  • Touch, palpation and percussion(Sparshan)
  • Questioning (Prashan).

2) TENFOLD EXAMINATION (DASHVIDHA PAREKSHA) – Tenfold examination was given byAcharya Charaka in Charak Samhita  vimaan sthan chapter 8

Ten-fold examination of a patient has following 10 methods:

  • Prakriti (Body type/ Body constitution)
  • Vikriti (illness)
  • Sara(Outlook of patient)
  • Samhanan, (Type of food consumption like vegetarian and non –vegetarian)
  • Satva (Mental strength of patient)
  • Satmya (What suits to patient)
  • Aaharshakti (Food intake)
  • Vyayam-shakti( Physical fitness )
  • Vaya (Age)

Pramana( The quantitative measures) for examining a patient. Abnormalities related to the Structure and functions of body are observed.

3) EIGHTFOLD EXAMINATION (ASTHAVIDHA) – Eightfold examination as the name suggests that there are eight methods for the diagnosis. These types are more practical and useful.  It helps to get on quick diagnosis of an OPD patient. The Eight-fold examination of a patient has given by Yogratnakara

methods of ayurveda

In above Ayurvedic text it is explained that there are eight things (nadi -pulse, mala- feces, mutra- urine, jihva – tongue, shabda – hoarseness of voice, sparsha – touch, drik – examination of eyes, akruti – shape of body) which are to be examined by ayurvedic physician for making proper diagnosis of a disease.

pulse diagnosis in Ayurveda

  • Pulse examination (Nadi preekshan) – In this examination strength, rhythm and speed of pulse are observed to make a diagnosis.
  • If pulse is felt irregular (missing at intervals) or moving fast it can be compared to moving like a snake (sarpavat) that means vata is dominant in that pulse.
  • If pulse is having good volume with a throb and it can be compared to jumping frog (mandookvat) then pitta is dominant in that pulse.
  • If pulse is heavy or slow and its movement is like moving swan (hansvat) then kapha is dominant in that pulse.
  • Urine examination (Mootra preeksha) – Color and turbidity of urine is observed by naked eyes.
  • Fecal examination (Mala preeksha) –Examination of fecal matter is also done by naked eyes in order to see blood in stool and its floating nature (jalnimajan preeksha).
  • Tongue observation (Jivha preekshan) – Tongue of patient is examined for any discoloration, ulcers and white coating.
  • Examination of the voice and speech of pateint (Swar preekshan) – Hoarseness of voice is observed.
  • Skin and touch examination (Sparash preekshan) – Temperature of body, color and texture of skin is observed by Sparash preeksha.
  • Observation of eyes (Netra preekshan) – Color of iris, sclera and conjunctiva is observed.