Category: Kidney Health

Methods of Diagnosis in Ayurveda

Ayurveda is science of life which is composed of two sanskrit words (“ayur = life and “veda” = knowledge or science). It is a natural healing system which has been originated around 5000 years ago in the Vedic culture of India.

In Ayurveda it is believed that good health depends on an appropriate balance between body, mind and spirit. Ayurveda works on this concept that use of herbs, a balanced diet and a good life style can cure ailments.

Concept of Ayurveda

ayurveda-article

According to Ayurveda, everything in the universe either it is living or non living is connected with each other. Good health can be achieved when body, mind and spirit are in equilibrium with universe. Disruption of this equilibrium leads to poor health.

Every individual is having five basic elements as in the universe-

  • Space
  • Air
  • Fire
  • Water
  • Earth

These elements combine in the body and form the three energies called as doshas. These three energies are responsible to maintain the physical and mental health. Three energies are vata (wind), pitta (fire) and kapha (earth+ water). These energies are important to maintain the good health. Imbalance of any of three energies results in the health complications.

वायु: पित्तं कफश्चेति त्रयो दोषा: समासत: विकृताऽविकृता देहं घ्नन्ति ते वर्त्तयन्ति

The above vedic text explains that vata (vayu), pitta (fire) and kapha (earth) are the three doshas in the body. Appropriate balance of three doshas leads to the health whereas imbalance in tridoshas is responsible for diseases.

Methods of diagnosis in Ayurveda

ayurveda diginosis

Diagnosis is very important aspect of Ayurvedic treatment. Diagnosis means to find out the basic cause of a disease (Nidan). Without the proper diagnosis it is difficult to suggest medicine and cure the diseases.

Causative factors of diseases may be improper eating habits, life style and various other activities. In Ayurveda, treatment is done according to constitution of an individual.

Two Main methods of Diagnosis in Ayurveda:

  • Rog Pariksha ( Diagnosis of a disease)
  • Rogi Pariksha ( Examination of a patient)
  • Rog Pariksha ( Diagnosis of a disease)

It has been mentioned in Charak Samhita  vimaan sthan chapter 4.

Three ayurvedic diagnostic methods are applied for diagnosis of disease :

  • Aaptoupdesh(As is advised by ancient sages)
  • Pratyaksh(Direct observation)
  • Anumaan(Guess worke.g. to know digestive power of patient)
  • Rogi Pariksha ( Examination of a patient) –It is done by three methods of diagnosis in Ayurveda:

!)Tri-fold examination of a patient was given by Maharshi Vagbhata (the author of text book of Ashtanghridayam)

  • Observation (Darshan).
  • Touch, palpation and percussion(Sparshan)
  • Questioning (Prashan).

2) TENFOLD EXAMINATION (DASHVIDHA PAREKSHA) – Tenfold examination was given byAcharya Charaka in Charak Samhita  vimaan sthan chapter 8

Ten-fold examination of a patient has following 10 methods:

  • Prakriti (Body type/ Body constitution)
  • Vikriti (illness)
  • Sara(Outlook of patient)
  • Samhanan, (Type of food consumption like vegetarian and non –vegetarian)
  • Satva (Mental strength of patient)
  • Satmya (What suits to patient)
  • Aaharshakti (Food intake)
  • Vyayam-shakti( Physical fitness )
  • Vaya (Age)

Pramana( The quantitative measures) for examining a patient. Abnormalities related to the Structure and functions of body are observed.

3) EIGHTFOLD EXAMINATION (ASTHAVIDHA) – Eightfold examination as the name suggests that there are eight methods for the diagnosis. These types are more practical and useful.  It helps to get on quick diagnosis of an OPD patient. The Eight-fold examination of a patient has given by Yogratnakara

methods of ayurveda

In above Ayurvedic text it is explained that there are eight things (nadi -pulse, mala- feces, mutra- urine, jihva – tongue, shabda – hoarseness of voice, sparsha – touch, drik – examination of eyes, akruti – shape of body) which are to be examined by ayurvedic physician for making proper diagnosis of a disease.

pulse diagnosis in Ayurveda

  • Pulse examination (Nadi preekshan) – In this examination strength, rhythm and speed of pulse are observed to make a diagnosis.
  • If pulse is felt irregular (missing at intervals) or moving fast it can be compared to moving like a snake (sarpavat) that means vata is dominant in that pulse.
  • If pulse is having good volume with a throb and it can be compared to jumping frog (mandookvat) then pitta is dominant in that pulse.
  • If pulse is heavy or slow and its movement is like moving swan (hansvat) then kapha is dominant in that pulse.
  • Urine examination (Mootra preeksha) – Color and turbidity of urine is observed by naked eyes.
  • Fecal examination (Mala preeksha) –Examination of fecal matter is also done by naked eyes in order to see blood in stool and its floating nature (jalnimajan preeksha).
  • Tongue observation (Jivha preekshan) – Tongue of patient is examined for any discoloration, ulcers and white coating.
  • Examination of the voice and speech of pateint (Swar preekshan) – Hoarseness of voice is observed.
  • Skin and touch examination (Sparash preekshan) – Temperature of body, color and texture of skin is observed by Sparash preeksha.
  • Observation of eyes (Netra preekshan) – Color of iris, sclera and conjunctiva is observed.

Natural Herbal Remedies for Diabetes Mellitus

Allopathy considers Diabetes as SILENT KILLER and recently evidence of cases of “Insulin resistance” and the occurrence of side effects have increased the search for effective alternatives. Ancient science of Ayurveda has discussed Diabetes in details thousands of years ago. Ayurveda has classified Diabetes (madhumeha) into 20 Types. Ayurvedic text Charak Samhita has considered Diabetes (madhumeha) as a MAHAROG (a disease with many complications and difficult prognosis).This disease is associated with ojas kshaya (loss of vital essence of body tissues).Therefore Ayurveda has important role in management of Diabetes.Diabetes Mellitusss

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) in November 2014, about 347 million people have diabetes worldwide. WHO estimates that in 2012, approximately 1.5 million deaths were directly caused by diabetes, and more than 80 percent of these deaths occurred in low- and middle-income areas.

WHO projects that by 2030, diabetes will be the seventh leading cause of death world-wide.

India has more diabetics than any other country in the world. India is the diabetes capital of the world with a projected 109 million individuals with diabetes by 2035. The disease currently affects more than 62 million Indians, which is more than 7.1% of India’s adult Population the high incidence is attributed to a combination of genetic susceptibility and also consumption of high-calorie, low-activity lifestyle by India’s growing middle class.

Herbal Remedies for Diabetes Mellitus

herbal remedies for Diabetes Mellitus

Flax seeds (Alsi beej):

Take one tablespoon of powdered flaxseed powder every morning with a glass of warm water. One should use it with caution as it is hot in potency so excess quantity should be avoided.

Cinnamon (dalchini):

Taking ½ teaspoon of cinnamon powder per day can improve one’s insulin sensitivity and also helps to lower blood glucose levels.

Bitter gourd (karela):

Bitter gourd has two very important compounds like charatin and momordicin, which are the important components in lowering one’s blood sugar levels.
One can have 50 ml of karela juice on an empty stomach at least four times in a week

Neem:

Neem increases insulin receptor sensitivity, helps improve blood circulation by dilating the blood vessels. One can take 5 to 10 ml juice of neem leaves in the morning.

Indian Blackberry(Jamun):

Take 1 teaspoon of jamun seeds powder with a glass of warm water and drink this daily for better control of diabetes as powdered jamun seeds slows down conversion of starch to glucose.

Indian gooseberry(Amla):

Take 20 ml juice of amla with equal quantity of water empty stomach in the morning. It stimulates pancreatic cells to produce insulin and keeps blood sugar under control.

Turmeric Powder(Haldi):

Mix ½ tsp Turmeric Powder + 1 tsp Amla Powder in one glass of water and take daily in the morning on empty stomach

Bael leaves (Bilva patra):

Chewing 5-6 leaves of bael helps to control blood glucose levels. It controls problem of diabetic polyuria.

Fenugreek seeds (methi seeds):

Boil 1 tsp of methi seeds in one cup of water. This dark yellow colored herbal decoction is helpful to lower blood glucose levels if taken as a morning tea.

Holy Basil (Tulsi):

Consume three to four small tulsi leaves whole or about one teaspoon full of its juice on an empty stomach to lower the blood sugar levels.