Tag: Ayurvedic medicines for Diabetes

What Dietary Changes Can Help You Manage Type 2 Diabetes

Introduction

Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly known as diabetes, is a group of metabolic diseases which is characterized by an increase in blood sugar levels over a long period of time.

Diabetes mellitus

Types of Diabetes mellitus (DM)

There are two main types of diabetes mellitus:

  • Type 1 Diabetes mellitus
  • Type 2 Diabetes mellitus

Type 1 Diabetes mellitus

  • Type 1 diabetes is a chronic condition which occurs because the insulin-producing cells (beta cells) of the pancreas are damaged and produces little or no insulin. It is the most common type of diabetes in people who are under age 30, but it may occur at any age. 10% of people having diabetes are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes mellitus

  • Type 2 Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition that affects the process of the body which metabolizes the sugar (glucose). It starts with insulin resistance, in which beta cells do not respond to insulin properly.

Sign and symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes mellitus

  • Frequent urination
  • Increased
  • Increased hunger
  • Feeling very tired
  • Blurry vision
  • Slow healing of cuts and wounds
  • Tingling, numbness, or pain in the hands or feet
  • Patches of dark skin
  • Itching and frequent infections (yeast infections)
  • Increased thirst
  • Unintended weight loss

Causes of Type 2 Diabetes mellitus

  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus occurs when the body becomes insulin resistant or when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin. The exact reason for type 2 diabetes mellitus is not known. It may be triggered by genetics and environmental factors, like overweight and inactivity, family history, etc.
Ayurvedic Treatment of Diabetes

(Reference: CharakSamhitachikitsasthan Chapter-6 and shloka-6)

In this shloka, the prognosis of prameha (diabetes) is explained. The vitiated Vata, Pitta and Kaphadosha gets stored in the urinary bladder and affects the urine which can produce various types of symptoms associated with diabetes.

Ayurvedic Treatment of Diabetes

Dietary Changes Can help you to manage type 2 Diabetes

  • A healthy diet helps you to protect your body from various diseases. So you need to make some dietary changes in your daily diet which helps to manage the type-2- diabetes.

Carbohydrates

  • Carbohydrates in food provide energy to the body. But carbohydrates also raise your blood sugar level. Carbohydrates can be classified into complex carbohydrates and simple sugars.
  • A complex carbohydrate is low glycemic loaded foods that can be a part of a type 2 diabetes diet plan. The complex carbohydrate contain additional nutrients such as fiber, vitamins smaller amounts of proteins and fats which helps to lower the blood sugar level.
  • Foods rich in complex carbohydrate are brown rice, whole wheat, quinoa, steel-cut oatmeal, vegetables, fruits, beans, lentils.

Grains

  • Whole grains are good sources of fiber and nutrients such as brown rice, quinoa, and oatmeal. They reduce the glycemic load. Whole grains are unprocessed but refined grains can be processed /milled to remove the bran and germ. For example white flour, white bread, de-germed cornmeal, and white rice.

Proteins

  • Protein has little effect on blood sugar level. Protein not only maintains blood sugar level but also helps with sugar cravings in patients of diabetes. You can get protein from both animal or plant sources. But, animal sources are considered as the sources of unhealthy saturated fats.
  • Foods that include good protein are beans, legumes, eggs, fish and seafood, organic dairy products, peas, tofu and soya foods, lean meats such as chicken and turkey.

Vegetables

Add fresh or frozen vegetables (without added sauces, fats, or salt) in your diet. Take at least 2½ to 3 cups or 450 to 550 grams vegetables a day.

Non-starchy vegetables:

  • It includes dark green and deep yellow vegetables, such as cucumber, spinach, chard, broccoli, cabbage, and bell peppers.

Starchy vegetables:

  • It includes corn, lima beans, green peas,  carrots, yams, and taro.

Fruits

  • You can eat fresh, frozen (without added sugar or syrup), or unsweetened dried fruits. It includes apples, berries,  bananas, cherries, fruit cocktail, melon, grapes, oranges, peaches, pears, pineapple, papaya, and raisins. You can also drink juices that contain 100% of fruit without any added sweeteners or syrups. Consume at least  240 to 320 grams of fruits per day.

Dairy products

  • Always choose low-fat milk products. Total dairy and low-fat milk products reduce risk of type 2 diabetes. For example milk, yogurt, and cheese, they do not include any added sugar.
  • Some non-fat dairy products contain a lot of added sugar. So always read the label before purchasing non- fat dairy products.

Five superfoods for Type-2- diabetic patients

Chia seeds

  • Chia seeds contain fiber, protein, and omega-3 fatty acids. Chia lowers down the glycemic load of any meal, improves hunger satisfaction (satiety), and balance the blood sugar level.  You can add Chia with almond milk, cocoa, and a low-glycemic index sweetener such as agave or stevia to make a healthy pudding. Which helps with sugar craving in diabetic patients.

Wild salmon

  • Salmon is considered as a great source of anti-inflammatory omega-3 fatty acid. It is a type 2 diabetes superfood. Wild salmon in our diet reduces inflammation, lower triglycerides, prevents obesity and manage blood glucose levels.

White balsamic vinegar

  • Vinegar helps to reduce gastric emptying, which shows beneficial effects in people with type 2 diabetes. This reduces the release of glucose into the bloodstream. Vinegar also increases hunger satisfaction, if you eat vinaigrette salad with your meal.

Cinnamon

  • Cinnamon lowers blood glucose in patients with type 2 diabetes. One teaspoon of cinnamon per day is beneficial for diabetic patient. Cinnamon lowers both fasting and after meals blood sugar levels.

Lentils

  • Lentils are the superfood for type-2-diabetic patients. They contain important vitamins, great protein, and lots of fiber. Lentils are rich in iron, vitamin B such as folate,  balanced protein and complex carbohydrate (high in fiber), and also very versatile to cook.
  • The green and brown lentils stay firm when cooked and you can eat it as a salad. orange ones become soft when cooked and we can add them in Indian soups, curries, and dal.

Foods should be avoided in type 2 diabetic patient’s diet.

The food is restricted in Type 2 diabetic patient included unhealthy foods such as:

  • Processed carbs (white bread, pasta, chips, saltines)
  • Refined sugars (donuts, pastries, cakes, cookies, scones, sweets, candy)
  • Sodas: Both diet soda and sugar-sweetened regular soda can raise the blood sugar level.
  • High-fat dairy products: It includes whole milk, cream, ice cream, cheese.
  • High-fat animal products: It includes red meat, fatty cuts of pork, sausage, bacon.
  • Artificial sweeteners: These are mainly found in processed foods.
  • High fructose corn syrup: It is mainly found in candy, soda, packaged convenience food.
  • Highly processed foods: It includes novelty sweets, chips,  candies, kettle corn, cookies.
  • Trans fats: It includes butter spreads, some mayonnaise spreads, some salad dressings, bakery goods, and packaged sauces.

Consumption of alcohol in Type-2- diabetic patients

  • Moderate consumption of alcohol is allowed in Type-2- diabetic patients. Some research shows that two drink per day for men and one drink a day for women can reduce cardiovascular risk and doesn’t show any negative impact on diabetes. However, alcohol can reduce the blood sugar level and raise  High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol which is known as good cholesterol.

Natural Ways to Prevent Diabetes – Healthy and Balanced Diet for Diabetics

How to Control Diabetes Naturally

Overview

There are many natural ways to prevent getting diabetes, you need to be a little alert in selecting the food you are having routinely. It doesn’t matter if you have type 1 or type 2 kind of diabetes, you might gain, lose or maintain your weight, but it becomes most important to choose a healthy food and not the usual crap. If you take healthier food, than you lower the risk of getting diabetic. But every one doesn’t agree as each person has a unique taste and liking and disliking, one food might be good for one and bad for another. Today we are going to discuss general foods that can help in preventing diabetes. So choose a diet after consulting your doctor, only then you can save yourself from getting diabetic.

Natural Ways to Prevent Diabetes

Select Healthy Carbohydrates:

  • All carbs influence the glucose level of the body. Select the foods that have healthy carbs. Some of the foods that can join you in general are whole grains like brown rice, white oats and buckwheat. Fresh seasonal fruits and vegetables, pulses like beans, lentils and chick peas, dairy products like unsweetened yogurt and milk.
  • Also keep another thing in your mind, to some diets that should be avoided like the foods that have low fiber in them like white bread, white rice and highly processed cereals. If you still feel perplexed while choosing, look at their labels before you buy them, check the ingredients, foods with fiber are in and avoid all other foods that have low fiber content.

High Fiber Diet

Eat Less Salt:

  • When you consume lots of salt, you run the risk of getting high blood pressure, which enhances the chances of getting heart disease and a stroke, might prove fatal for you. If you already are suffering from diabetes then you are more at risk of having a stroke.
  • Set a limit, not exceeding 6g (1 teaspoonful) a day. Mostly the food packages have their labels on them, better do the checking before you buy it. If you are cooking yourself, you can have a keen eye on how much salt are you putting in your dishes? You can also become creative by adding different herbs and swap salt with something that enhances the flavor of your dishes.

Avoid Meat products:

  • If you are having non-vegetarian food or you are habitual to, you have to set a limit or quit it completely as all kind of meat is related to cancer in one way or the other. Try swapping the meat with pulses like beans and lentils, which are rich in having fiber and don’t affect your blood glucose level too much and keeps your stomach in a hunky dory position. Try eating the herbs that have omega-3 fatty acids that protect your heart. Get vegetarian diet, it will also keep you fit & fine.

Eat more Fruits and Veggies:

  • Enhance your diet by eating more green veggies and fruits which can be eaten as snacks, whenever you feel hungry. This will get you more vitamins, minerals and fiber that is required by your body to stay fit & fine.
  • Fruits are sweet but contain natural sugar which is never harmful.
  • The whole fruit is great for everyone, even if you have diabetes.
  • As their juices do contain some added sugar, so better eat the fruit in its raw form.
  • Keep eating fruits all day long, don’t eat them in excess in one go.
  • It will keep your body satisfied and in a enthusiastic manner.
  • If you are already diabetic, choosing a diet gets tough that will help in keeping your diabetes in control.
  • However it is more important to eat foods that don’t allow diabetes to raise its ugly head.
  • Here are some of the foods that help in keeping your diabetes in check, type 1 or type 2, doesn’t matter.

Fruits and Veggies for diabetics

Choose healthy Fats:

  • Everybody needs some fat to provide energy to the body to do any physical activity, but there are bad fats too that harm the body in different types.
  • Healthier fats can be found in foods like unsalted nuts, seeds, avocados, olive oil, grape seed oil and sunflower oil.
  • Some of the saturated fats can enhance the amount of cholesterol level in your blood; and cause the risk of some heart problems.

Such fats can be found in animal products like:

  • Red & processed meat
  • Ghee
  • Butter
  • Lard
  • Biscuits, cakes, and pastries.

Healthy Tips

  • It’s a wonderful idea if you never use any oil in your cooking, try grill, steam or baked different foods. Try this idea at least once, if like it tell others and let’s make this world a better place to live & enjoy.
  • I know cutting sugar is an uphill task initially, so some needs to be done when cutting the sugar intake as ‘longest journeys begin with a single step.’ You can try some sugar free sweeteners that are available in the market, but keep their number getting gradually less.
  • Tea and coffee without sugar also tastes the same. When you quit sugar, you can take care of your blood sugar levels in a perfect manner and help manage your weight too. If your dietary treatment requires these sweeteners to maintain your hypos, have a discussion with your doctor before leaving these sweeteners.

Quit Boozing:

  • Alcohol has lots of calories and is too dangerous if you already have diabetes quit all the things that have a tinge of alcohol in them. If you are habitual and find difficulty in giving up, try leaving it with getting actively involved in doing something else, play a game or get involved in any activity you love, just remain busy.
  • I know initially you might get tense, but give a break into your company of old friends, the binge drinkers, but think positive and a strong will power will give you lots of benefits in the long run, you will have more fun and your economic blues will also wither away and you can have lots of fun, thus making your family have more fun with you.
  • Alcohol can make hypos to happen regularly. So better say no when anybody asks you to give him/her company, which should be heard by everybody around you, in a loud & clear way.
  • You ought to follow the above mentioned natural and organic foods (fruits & veggies) to prevent, if already exist, then ways on how to control it in a natural way. But it will be much better if you take the advice of your doctor before proceeding.