Diabetes is the most widely recognized disease on the planet and a significant danger to worldwide well-being. As it is a persistent infection, essential and optional counteraction is vital to diminish its weight on individuals and society. Individuals with LADA might have symptoms of diabetes type 2, however, their bodies produce antibodies that disrupt the body’s capacity to control glucose. Individuals with LADA might utilize insulin or different drugs to control glucose and slow pancreatic harm. In this article, we will examine causes, Symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis, complications, Ayurvedic overview, and treatment.
LADA is a type of diabetes that usually affects older people after the age of 35. Individuals with LADA may experience symptoms of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. In LADA, people develop antibodies that affect the pancreas’s ability to control blood sugar. Individuals with LADA may not initially be insulin resistant, meaning their pancreas can still produce insulin. Doctors may diagnose these people with diabetes 2 type, but people with diabetes 2 type do not develop the antibodies that cause LADA. Unlike diabetes 1 type mellitus, LADA progresses slowly, which explains why it is not diagnosed until later in life. LADA accounts for 2-12% of all diabetes.
Diabetes 1 Type
On the point, the pancreas produces little or no insulin, known as diabetes type 1. It is a chronic disease. It mostly appears in adolescence.
Diabetes 2 Type
When the body does not use insulin properly, known as diabetes type 2. It manages lifestyle changes and physical activities.
Causes of Lada
It happens when your pancreas is harmed by antibodies and doesn’t create sufficient insulin, which gradually obliterates the insulin-delivering cells in your pancreas. Hereditary elements may likewise be involved. In LADA, during which the pancreas is harmed, the body annihilates the beta cells of the pancreas, like sort 1 type.
Symptoms of Lada
LADA symptoms, such as:
- Skin infection
- Weight gain
- Blindness or blurred vision
- Dry skin
- Bladder infection
- cuts and bruises that heal slowly
Complications of Lada
Similar to type 2 diabetes, LADA patients may be at risk for microvascular complications, including
- Renal damage
- Disorders of the eye such as vision
- Nerve damage causes pain, tingling, and loss of sensation in the hands and feet.
- DKA (Diabetic Ketoacidosis)- Diabetic ketoacidosis occurs when cells cannot get the glucose they need and the body switches to burning fat for energy. This creates ketones that are responsible for the fruity odour of the breath. DKA leads to Diabetic coma. Symptoms are as follows: High blood sugar, unintentional weight loss, weakness, vomiting and changes in mental state.
There are some risk factors for developing LADA include
- Excessive weight or obesity
- Low birth weight
- Low physical activity
- Psychosocial stress
Diagnosis of Lada
- GADA antibody test – this test is mainly used for latent autoimmune diabetes. It is a touchy marker of this disease as it is a predominant autoantibody.
- C-peptide – to find out the level of insulin produced by the body
- FPG test- Assuming the glucose level is in excess of 126 mg/dl shows diabetes.
- RPG test- Assuming the glucose level is in excess of 200 mg/dl or higher it indicates diabetes
- Urinary sugar test- Usually, when blood sugar rises above 180 mg/dl, sugar is released in the urine. However, in the case of renal glycosuria, the kidneys start to work less and even if the blood sugar is below 180 mg/100 ml, glucose can be excreted in the urine
- GTT- A night fast for 12 hours or less is required. Glucose (75 g for adults and 1.75 g/kg body weight for children) was given orally after a rapid blood test. After two hours, samples of blood were taken and blood glucose levels were measured. Whenever diabetes is analysed, the test does not need to be repeated.
Ayurvedic Overview of Lada
जात: प्रमेही ————- विकारा भवन्ति तांश्च प्रवदन्त्य साध्यान।। (Ch. chi. ६/५७)
As mentioned above- LADA is related to sahaja prameha and is created by innate factors. People born with Prameha disease or inherited from a father with diabetes have no cure due to genetics. Any family disease is considered incurable. Prameha includes all doshas. Kapha causes premeha by influencing medas (lipid digestion) in the bladder, muscles and body liquids. Pitta, who is uncomfortable with hot things, will do the same by influencing the places mentioned. Vayu causes prameha by consuming dhatus in the bladder with a diminished portion compared with the other two. Dosha produces different sorts of prameha by arriving at the bladder and influencing the urine.
Nidana of Lada (Causes)
आस्यासुखं स्वप्नसुखं दधीनि ग्राम्योैदकानूपरसाः पयांसि।
नवान्नपानं गुडवैकृत च प्रमेहहेतुः कफकृच्च सर्वं।। (Ch. Chi. ६/४)
According To Acharya Charaka
- Sleeping too much
- Eating too much curd
- Eating too much swamp meat.
- Eating too many aquatic animals.
- New Grains
- Foods that increase Kapha dosha too much
Samprapti Chakra (Pathophysiology) of Latent Autoimmune Diabetes
दोषो हि बस्तिं समुपेत्य मूत्रं संदूष्य मेहाञ्जनयेद यथास्वम।। (Ch. Chi. ६/६)
According to Acharya Charak, one of the energies in Vata, Pitta or Kapha condenses and reaches the bladder and contaminates the urine, causing symptoms.
Dosha and Dusya Involved in It
- Doshas: Vata, Pitta and Kapha
- Dusyas: Marrow, Meda, muscle fat, Rakta, Shukra (semen), fluid, lymph, and so forth
There are clinically two types
- Sthula Parmeha- Urinary tract infections in obese individuals.
- Krisha Parmeha- Urinary tract infections in thin individuals.
Symptoms of Prameha
Acoording to Acharay Sushruta
तत्राविलप्रभूतमूत्रलक्षणा: सर्व एव प्रमेहा: (Su. Ni. ६/६)
Turbidity and excessive urination is the symptom of all prameha roga.
Management of Parmeha Roga
- In Obese patients (Sthula Parmeha)- Sanshodhan chikitsa (purification) should be followed by Brihana chikitsa (nourishing).
- In Thin patients, (Krisha Parmeha)- Brihana (nourishment) chikitsa should be given.
- Snehan chikitsa (Oleation)- Oils such as Mustard oil (Sarsapa), etc.
- Swedan (Fomentation) is strictly contraindicated in Parmeha.
Herbal Remedies for Latent Autoimmune Diabetes by Planet Ayurveda
Planet Ayurveda is a GMP-certified Ayurvedic clinic that manufactures a variety of medicines to treat various health issues and provide relief to patients. All formulations of Planet Ayurveda contain no preservatives, additives or resins. Planet Ayurveda offers many herbal remedies targeting diseases with no side effects.
- Dia-Beta Plus
- Karela Capsules
- Madhumehantak Churna
- Fenugreek Capsules
1. Dia-Beta Plus
These are polyherbal capsules. It contains various herbs such as Gurmaar (Gymnema sylvestre), Tulsi (Ocimum tenuiflorum), Vizaysaar (Pterocarpus marsupium) etc. Gurmaar is also known as the destroyer of sugar or anti-diabetic. It has been used in combination with other diabetes medicine. Karela has anti-diabetic action, its extract is used as a vegetable insulin. Saptrangi is traditionally used to cure ailments such as obesity and diabetes. These capsules detoxify the body. It purifies the blood and has analgesic, anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties.
Dosage: 2 capsules two times a day.
2. Karela Capsules
It consists of one herb that is Karela (Momordica charantia). It is bitter in taste. Karela is very helpful in reducing blood sugar and cholesterol levels. It balances all three principles in your body. It includes charantin which brings down the blood glucose level in the body and helps in maintaining diabetes. Karela also helps in blood purification.
Dosage: 2 capsules after meal.
3. Madhumehantak Churna
This polyherbal churna contains Saptrangi (Salacia chinesis), Vijaysar (Pterocarpus marsupium), Bilva patra (Aegle marmelos), Gurmaar (Gymnema Sylvestre), Neem patra (Azadirachta indica), Karela (Momordica charantia), Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum), Jamun (Syzygium cumini) etc. Neem has carminative, antibacterial and anti-diabetic action. This jamun can control the frequency of urination and help lower sugar in the urine and blood. Using tulsi facilitates kapha and vata, but makes pitta heavier. It helps to clean the blood.
Dosage: 1 tsp twice daily before meal.
4. Fenugreek Capsules
These capsules contain only one herb- Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum). The taste is bitter, the effect is mild, sharp and subtle. It quiets Vata and Kapha but Pitta is aggravated. It increases appetite, improves digestion, is a gentle purgative and has anti-inflammatory properties. Advances lactation and controls post-pregnancy pain. It is hostile to diabetic properties. As well as supporting weight reduction, the cycle likewise lessens serum lipids.
Dosage: 1-2 capsules two times a day.
Latent autoimmune diabetes is an autoimmune disease in adults with features of type 1 and type 2 diabetes. So this is also called type 1.5 diabetes mellitus and you need insulin for at least the first month after diagnosis to control your blood sugar. This is a type of congenital diabetes. In Ayurveda, it is associated with Sehaj Parmeh (hereditary diabetes). It is difficult to treat, but there are some herbs in the Ayurvedic world that can help treat autoimmune diabetes without causing side effects.