Category: Vitamin C

Why is Vitamin C necessary for Humans? What happens in its deficiency? What are the Best Sources as per Ayurveda?

Abstract

Vitamin C a well known type of important Vitamin. It is also called Ascorbic acid. Ascorbic acid slows down the rate of cell damage. It is essential for the absorption of iron ( a basic element for body functioning) from plant based foods. Deficiency chances of vitamin C are rare as it is available in a variety of food products. But the unhealthy lifestyle of present days shows deficiency of this important vitamin in many individuals. Scurvy (we will discuss later in this article) is the common disease due to deficiency of Vitamin C. The other associated complaints due to deficiency of Vitamin C are anemia, infection, bleeding gums, dry and splitting hair and impaired wound healing. Vitamin C is essential in the prevention of infection and drains free radicals from the body. Collagen is essential to build and maintain healthy connective tissue. Vitamin C is essential to build good cartilages, immunity, bone strength etc. In this article we will discuss Vitamin C, sources, functions, deficiency of Vitamin C and Ayurvedic sources to maintain the levels of Vitamin C. Citrus fruits are helpful to manage the bleeding, anemia and other associated problems with low levels of ascorbic acid.

Vitamin C

Introduction

Vitamin C is a light weight molecular simple carbohydrate with a idol structure due to which it is water soluble in nature. Vitamin C is synthesized by most of the species. Vitamin C is not stored or produced in the body of humans. So external sources to maintain the good levels of Vitamin C are essential. The requirement of Vitamin C is therefore for the collagen biosynthesis, for the synthesis of L- carnitine and metabolism of protein. Collagen is a very important unit of connective tissue, which is basic and promotes wound healing. The body’s total content of Vitamin- C is from 300 mg up to 2 gram. Vitamin C which is extra stored and maintained in body cells and is highest in W.B.C’s, adrenal glands and brain. An individual needs approx 60 mg of Vitamin C every day. Dosage varies in adults and children. Biotechnology enables the addition of Vitamin C in some juices and other food items. One important fact about Vitamin C is that it is easily destroyed during food preparation or storage. To get proper amounts of Vitamin C from different sources it is important to eat fresh fruits and veggies, cook veggies in little water and avoid over cooking. Vitamin C is soluble in water and found in fruits and veggies. Citrus fruits are the best source of Vitamin C. Foods which are rich in Vitamin C are citrus fruits Kakadu Plums (T. ferdinandiana) contains 5300 mg of Vitamin C per 100 grams, Acerola cherries (Malpighia emarginata) contains 822 mg of Vitamin C per 100 gm, Rose hips contains 119 mg of Vitamin C and supports good skin, chili pepper and guavas are other rich sources of Vitamin C contains 109 mg and 126 mg of Vitamin C per 100 grams.

Basic Chemistry

Ascorbic acid is a 6 carbon organic acid with structural similarity to glucose. It is a potent reducing agent and is biologically active. It is absorbed from GIT and widely distributed extra- and intracellularly. Concentration of Plasma and Vitamin C depend on its intake. The 60 mg/day which is the approx. daily dosage results in 0.8 mg/dl in plasma and 1.5 g in the body as a whole. Human body is able to store 2.5 gram rest which is drained via urination. The stored Vitamin C is oxidized to dehydroascorbic and oxalic acid metabolites. Vitamin C is important for folic acid conversion to folinic acid, adrenal steroids, biosynthesis and promotes metabolism of prostaglandins. Vitamin C was first discovered in 1928 under the name hexuronic acid. Scurvy is the problem associated with deficiency of Vitamin C. Earlier it was very common in the naval forces of the world. At that time it usually affected the sailors. In an experiment in 1747 scurvy of multiple patients was cured with lemons and oranges only. So many animals have a tendency to synthesize Vitamin C on their own. But humans are not able to synthesize Vitamin C on their own. Scurvy is also concerned with the potato famine in Ireland.

Functions of Vitamin C

  • Vitamin C helps to play a vital role in oxidation of tissue.
  • As we read earlier Vitamin C plays an important role in collagen formation.
  • Vitamin C supports matrices for the blood vessels and bones.
  • Helpful for the absorption of Iron.
  • Vitamin C is evident to prevent the cold and infections.
  • Vitamin C is a potent antioxidant known to drain out free radicals from the body.
  • It helps to boost the serotonin level and reduce stress.
  • Vitamin C is helpful to manage dry skin and wrinkles.
  • It is known to boost the noradrenaline levels of a well known neurotransmitter.
  • Also it helps to maintain alertness and confidence.
  • Ascorbic acid helps to relieve the loss of libido due to deficiency of Vitamin C.

Risk factors for low levels of vitamin C

The associated risk factors include smoking, poor socioeconomic level, excessive alcohol intake, diabetic obese or any other metabolic syndrome. People who smoke excessively have more free radicals in their body hence are more prone to the vitamin deficiency.

Deficiency of Vitamin C

Following is the disease or complaints which are associated with Vitamin C deficiency

  • Scurvy – Scurvy simply is a defective formation of collagen, impaired healing, capillary hemorrhage, subnormal platelet adhesiveness, because platelets are rich in ascorbate. Trauma, surgery, burns; infections usually increase the need of Vitamin C. The features of scurvy are as – spongy, bleeding and swollen gums, gastrointestinal tract hemorrhage, anemia and slow wound healing. Scurvy is prevalent among malnourished infants, drug addicts, and alcoholics mostly.
  • Joint and Muscle pain– Vitamin C deficiency may cause excessive pain in the joints or poor bone status. With the pain joints may suffer inflammation or even difficulty in movement. Joint pain is usually countered by vitamin administration.
  • Fatigue – Low body stamina, low energy levels. Unable to do exertion and fatigue can be associated with low levels of Vitamin C. Although fatigue can be the associated symptom of many kinds of illness.
  • Mood Changes – Mood changes, lethargy, emotions and anger can be associated with Vitamin C deficiency. Optimum levels of Vitamin C promote a good mood and self esteem.
  • Weight LossWeight loss can be associated with deficiency of Vitamin C. A person suffering from weight loss may focus on natural sources of Vitamin C.
  • Bruising – Bruising is associated with deficiency of Vitamin C.
  • Dry Hair and Skin – A change in hair and skin texture can also signal that the body is not getting enough of vitamin C and other essential vitamins and minerals.
  • Infections – Poor or deprived status of Vitamin c enhance the exposure towards multiple infections, the low level of Vitamin C tends to deprive the Low levels of vitamin C in the body can have a negative impact on the fighting of infections. This occurs due to the body’s weak immune system. It may also cause chronic low energy, strength and depression. Even bone strength is affected.

Sources for Vitamin C

Ayurvedic texts upload the advantages of healthy living. A quote in Ayurveda is very famous i.e ‘Aharam param bhaishjam’ means food is the best medicine. In the context of Vitamin C we can discuss Phalvarga, a category under Aharvarga. Acharya sushruta has mentioned Dadima (pomegranate), Amlaka (Embellica officinalis), Draksha (Vitis vinifera), Kharjura (Phoenix dactylifera) and Matulunga (Citrus medica). Here we will discuss the natural sources of Vitamin C. Vitamin C is soluble in water and found in fruits and veggies. Citrus fruits are the best source of Vitamin C. The other sources are pepper, blackcurrants, strawberries, broccoli and potatoes. 3 large strawberries contain approx 35 gm Vitamin C. Other foods which are rich in Vitamin C are Kakadu Plums (T. ferdinandiana) contains 5300 mg of Vitamin C per 100 grams, Acerola cherries (Malpighia emarginata) contains 822 mg of Vitamin C per 100 gm, Rose hips contains 119 mg of Vitamin C and supports good skin, chilli pepper and guavas are other rich sources of Vitamin C contains 109 mg and 126 mg of Vitamin C per 100 grams. All these sources are also rich in antioxidants and lycopene.

1. Citrus Fruits

Lemon and oranges are the rich sources to supplement Vitamin C naturally in the body. Citrus fruits help to enhance immunity. Citrus fruits are helpful to maintain the skin’s health and elasticity. These fruits are helpful due to anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity. In one lemon there is approximately 83 mg of vitamin c, one orange which is medium in size contains 70 mg of Vitamin C. Grapefruit contains 44 mg of Vitamin C.

2. Papaya

Papaya contains 235 mg of vitamin C. papaya has more vitamin C than orange. Papaya is a fibrous fruit. It helps to drain out the toxins and harmful chemicals. It enhances the vitamin C levels so it is able to prevent skin acne and pigmentation. Papaya is rechak (purgative) in nature.

3. Amla

Amla is a well known fruit or berry having plenty of ayurvedic medicines. It is one of the richest sources of Vitamin C. It helps to enhance the level of vitamins in the body. The fruit contains higher concentration of vitamin c than apple. The leaves of amla contain gallic acid, ascorbic acid and music acid. It also helps to reduce the level of cholesterol and helps to detoxify the channels of the body. Amla is an anti-anaemic, anabolic, antiemetic agent. It also prevents the body from various infections and inflammations.

4. Cruciferous Vegetables

Cruciferous vegetables like cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower etc are the rich source of Vitamin C. In broccoli there is 89 mg of vitamin C and in cabbage and cauliflower there is 36 mg and 48 mg vitamin C respectively. People who are smokers should opt for these vegetables to reduce the free radicals. The fibrous content of the cruciferous vegetables help to relieve constipation and promotes better absorption of nutrients.

5. Guava

Guava also contains ample amounts of Vitamin- C. It helps to boost Vitamin C and increase the defensive strength of the body. Also it is one of the best fruits to solve the abdominal issues. Single fruit of guava is loaded with 200 mg of ascorbic acid.

6. Strawberry

Strawberry contains a good level of ascorbic acid and antioxidants. It is beneficial to manage the heart concerns, diabetic management and make the bowel movements better. As we have discussed earlier 100 grams of strawberries contain approx 59-60 mg of ascorbic acid. Strawberries promote a good mood and soothing effect.

7. Terminalia Chebula

T chebula is a well known purgative. It is one of the important constituents of Triphala churna. It is rich in Vitamin C hence has a good mutagenic activity. Haritaki promotes the purification of the body due to its purgative action. It is also called as a rejuvenator and Vataanulomya’ drain out the excessive vata from the body.

8. Tinospora Cordifolia

T. cordifolia is a good source of vitamin C and helps to inhibit the rate of infections in the body. Giloy is a well known immunity booster and a classical rejuvenator. It promotes the defensive line against the invaders or pathogens. Regular use of giloy helps to enhance the stores of vitamin C in the body.

9. Taro Plant (Colocasia Esculenta)

It is also called the Yam plant. It is widely distributed in the northern part of India. It is loaded with flavones, apigenin, Vitamin C and luteolin. Cooked leaves of this plant are a good source of dietary fiber and relieve constipation. It is astringent and styptic. It is beneficial in alopecia as well as promotes anti-ageing effects.

10. Boerhavia Diffusa (Punarnava)

B diffusa is a well known herbal plant known to promote good health and prevent the conditions associated with low levels of Vitamin C like Anaemia , stunted growth. It helps to promote  the mood, increase the hb level in the body. It is diuretic in action and rich in ascorbic acid, and acts as an anti-inflammatory agent. Also it contains flavonoids and lowers down the uric acid levels in the body.

11. Mucuna Pruriens (Kaunch beej)

M pruriens is an astringent, nervine tonic, local stimulant. It is rich in ascorbic acid and flavonoids. Seeds of kaunch containing L-DOPA help to enhance the serotonin levels. It enhance the male sexual health and manage the problems arised due to deficiency of Vitamin C. kaunch helps to promote the activity of central nervous system.

12. Cordia Dichotoma (Lasoda)

The basic ingredients of the C dichotoma are alpha-amyrin, ascorbic acid, calcium, iron, copper and chromium. It is astringent in nature, demulcent, expectorant, diuretic and antihelminthic. It is helpful to manage the problems associated with diabetes. It manages the lower levels of semen associated with deficiency of Vitamin C.

Conclusion

In the above discussion it is clear that Vitamin C is one of the most essential vitamins for the body. It helps to maintain cell growth. It is best to enhance bone strength, open the channels and increase immunity. The variety of products of Planet Ayurveda promotes the good levels of Vitamins in the body. Vitamins promote longevity, are anti-aging in nature, promote glow and are rejuvenators in action. Lower level of Vitamin C may lead to poor sexual health and poor status of sperm count or spem motility. It is important to opt for natural sources of vitamins. The fruits like amla if consumed on a regular basis enhance the Vitamin C levels easily. Balanced diet, natural lifestyle, herbal solutions of problems is helpful for a good life and promotes longevity. In case of any query kindly visit www.planetayurveda.com.

Natural Cure For Deficiency of Vitamin D

vitamin-deficiency-featured

Abstract

Vitamins are the organic molecule that provides nutrition to the body. We have to take them externally as they are not produced within the body or may be in a very less amount. They nourish the body or reinforce it by providing all the essential micronutrients. At present, people are becoming very careless, negligent or incautious about their health. But, there is a need to be more careful about our health and to keep ourselves healthy both physically and mentally. In today’s article, we will discuss the importance of Vitamin D, consequences of its deficiency and lastly how to fulfil the requirement of Vitamin D with Natural Supplements.

Let’s start!

Before talking about vitamin D, let us know about the Vitamins.


vitamin-deficiency

What are Vitamins? What are its types

Vitamins are the most essential constituents of the body that we have to take externally. There are two types of Vitamins i.e. water soluble and fat soluble vitamins.
Water soluble vitamins- Vitamin B and C
Fat soluble vitamins- Vitamin A, D, E and Vitamin K Now we will talk on Vitamin D, its importance, consequence of its deficiency or natural sources to take it.

Vitamin D (ergocalciferol-D2, cholecalciferol-D3, Alfacalcidol)

Also known as Cholecalciferol-D3 It regulates the metabolism of calcium and phosphorus in the body. It protects the body from viral infections i.e. influenza virus.

Functions of Vitamin D

Vitamin D has lots of Functions which are as follows:-

  • Promotes Bone Health by Regulating the Mechanism of Calcium in the Body
  • Supports the Respiratory and Cardiovascular system
  • Aids in Regulation of Insulin and Manage Diabetes
  • Keep up the Immune and Nervous Health
  • Might have Anti-Cancerous Properties

What are the Sources of Vitamin D

Following are the sources of Vitamin D:

  • Exposure to Sunlight is the Best and Natural Source
  • Fatty fish like tuna, mackerel, salmon, etc.
  • Dairy Products
  • Orange Juice
  • Soy Milk
  • Cheese
  • Egg Yolk
  • Cereals
  • Mushrooms

Fish is very good for fulfilling the need of Vitamin D. Three Ounces of Cooked Salmon has 570 IU.

What is its Recommended dosage

As per daily requirement, below are the dosages explained:

  • In Infants (up to 1 year) – 400 IU per day
  • In children (up to 18 years) – 600 IU per day
  • In age up to 70 years- 600 IU per day
  • In age group of 70 years or above- 800 IU per day
  • Pregnant or lactating women- 600 IU per day

What can be the consequences of Vitamin D deficiency

Deficiency of vitamin D causes various diseases and health issues. Some of them are listed below:

  • High blood pressure
  • Softening of Bone Tissue
  • Bone related ailments such as osteomalacia, osteoporosis, rickets, osteoarthritis, etc.
  • Cardiovascular Disorders
  • Diabetes
  • Viral Infections
  • Immune Disorders
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Falling in old age individuals
  • Some cancers i.e. prostate, colon, breast, etc.

The deficiency of vitamin D in the body due to numerous causes/reasons

  • If a person is following a strict vegan diet as most of the sources are Animal based.
  • Less exposure to sunlight
  • Dark skin i.e. African are more prone to have deficiency of vitamin D.
  • Use of cosmetic products such as sunscreen may reduce the production of Vitamin D up to 90%.

How do I come to know that I have a deficiency of vitamin D

Person with deficiency of vitamin D may experience the following symptoms:-

  • Fatigue
  • Recurrent Infection or Sickness
  • Pain in Bones
  • Backache
  • Mood Swings
  • Loss of Hair
  • Muscular Pain
  • Impairment in Healing of Wounds

It is continuous for a longer period of time then it may lead their way towards numerous complications:-

How to treat the deficiency of Vitamin D

In our daily life, we can treat the deficiency of vitamin D by changing our lifestyle and including some dietary changes in your daily diet. You can also consider taking ayurvedic herbal supplements for the management of vitamin D deficiency. They will help you in relieving the symptoms that occurred due to its deficiency.

Planet Ayurveda Herbal Remedies for Vitamin D deficiency

Planet Ayurveda is a GMP certified, trusted and renowned organization offering herbal products worldwide. These herbal products are 100% pure and prepared from the standardized extract of herbs. They are free from any type of chemicals, additives, and binders. Planet Ayurveda provides lots of products for numerous health ailments. Along with the disease management, it also provides nourishing supplements for maintaining the nutritional needs of the body. Here is the list of some of the best herbal dietary supplements from Planet Ayurveda

  1. Green Essentials
  2. Spirulina Capsules
  3. Nourish Maxx
  4. Brahmi Chyawanprash


vitamin-defficiency-care-packs

Products description

1. Green Essentials Capsules

Green essentials is the safe herbal formulation which is prepared using gape seed (vitis vinifera), wheat grass (Triticulum Aestivum), Spirulina (Spirulina Platensis), Green Tea (Camellia Sinensis), etc. It is a very effective supplement for matching the nutritional needs of the body. It helps in reducing pain, backache and occurrence of recurrent infections. Thus, very helpful in relieving the symptoms of Vitamin D deficiency.

Dosage– 2 capsules twice daily with plain water after meals.

2. Spirulina Capsules

These single herbal capsules are very effective and natural supplements, prepared using the standardized extract of Spirulina (Spirulina Platensis). It is a very good antioxidant that removes all the harmful toxins from the body as it possesses antimicrobial or antiviral property. Spirulina is very effective in Vitamin D deficiency.

Dosage– 2 capsules twice daily with plain water after meals.

3. Nourish Maxx

As its name indicates, it nourishes the body very well. This is a poly herbal formulation in powder form prepared using Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus), Safed Musli (Chlorophytum borivilianum), Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) and some other herbs. These herbs possess the property of sustaining the balance of three doshas and the normal state of these three elements is considered as health. Along with that, it also meets the nutritional needs and alleviates the toxins from the body. Thus, aids well in combating deficiency of Vitamin D.

Dosage– 1 tsp twice daily with plain water after meals.

4. Brahmi Chyawanprash

This is a safe herbal formulation in gel form prepared using Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri), Dashmool drugs, Bala (sida cordifolia), Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus), Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) and numerous other herbs. This formulation acts as rasayan (rejuvenating) and medhya (nervine tonic) as per Ayurvedic classical texts. It strengthens the body and fulfills the nutritional values. It is very efficacious for the management of vitamin D deficiency.

Dosage– 1 tsp twice daily with plain water after meals.

Conclusion

At last, we can conclude that including some diet and lifestyle modifications in our daily routine along with the herbal supplements will keep us healthy and safe. These herbal formulations are very beneficial and prepared by following the strict Ayurveda principles under the guidance of Ayurvedic experts. Alongside nourishment these herbal formulations aids in management of numerous diseases. Use these supplements without any fear as they are free from any kind of side effects. Stay safe and healthy! In case of any query kindly visit www.PlanetAyurveda.com