Category: Ankylosing Spondylitis

Types of Fractures and Their Treatment With Ayurvedic Herbs


Fractures are one of the most well-known and obliterating wounds around the world. Musculoskeletal injuries affect bones, joints, muscles and tendons. In addition, the neurovascular bundle of the limb may also be damaged. Simply put, a fracture is a disruption of the continuity of the bone. Many people are confused between fracture and dislocation. A broken bone is known as a fracture and when a joint is displaced or exhibited from its normal position is known as dislocation. In this article, we will discuss the different types of fractures, their various causes, symptoms, and treatments.


A fracture may be a complete crack or gap in the continuity between bones. Damage is often caused by pressure or stress. However, people with bone or cancer suffer damage, but less so. Bone is a special type of tissue with unique properties. There are five types: in-length bones, short bones, flat bones, irregular bones and sesamoid bones.



1. Based on etiology

  1. Traumatic fracture- fracture caused by road traffic accidents, fights etc.
  2. Pathological fracture- a fracture through a bone weakened by metastasis
  3. Stress fracture

2. Based on displacements

  1. Undisplaced fracture
  2. Displaced fracture

3. Because of the relationship with the outside climate

  1. Open fracture
  2. Closed fracture

4. Based on the complexity of the treatment

  1. Simple fracture
  2. Complex fracture

5. Based on the pattern

  1. Oblique fracture
  2. Transverse fracture
  3. Spiral fracture
  4. Comminuted fracture
  5. Segmental fracture
  6. Butterfly fracture


  1. Pain and swelling
  2. Irregularity
  3. Deformity
  4. Loss of function
  5. Tenderness
  6. Abnormal mobility


  1. Inspection- Abnormal swelling, Attitude, Shortening, overlying skin.
  2. Palpation- tenderness, bony irregularity, abnormal movements, crepitus, swelling, wound, pain elicited by manipulation from a distance
  3. Measurement- longitudinal, measurements of the circumference of the limb
  4. Movements


  1. X-rays can confirm whether a person’s bone is broken.
  2. A CT scan is used to check your bones for injuries, sores, fractures, or other problems.
  3. MRI is best to diagnose stress fractures.


  1. Age
  2. Constitution
  3. Fracture type (Site, Configuration)
  4. Displacement
  5. Soft tissue damage
  6. Apposition of fragments
  7. Immobilisation


Complications can occur immediately, early or late.

  • Immediate complications– Pain, Pallor, Paralysis, Pulseless, Paresthesia
  • Early complications- Local (gas gangrene, fracture blisters, venous thrombosis, visceral complications) and General (Fat embolism, Tetanus, Pneumonia)
  • Late complications- Local (joint stiffness, malunion, chronic infection, refracture, growth disturbance) and General (Accident neurosis)


The cure for human disease is as old as human evolution. The oldest medicine is Ayurveda. In Ayurveda, the fracture is correlated with ‘Bhagan’. According to Acharya Sushruta, they classified the Bhagna into two types: Kanda Bhagna (fracture) and Sandhimoksa (Dislocation). Here we will discuss Kanda Bhagna (Fractures).


नपीडनप्रहाराक्षेपणव्यालमृगदशनप्रभृतिभिरभिघातविशेषेैरनेकविधमस्थनाम् भग्नमुपदिशन्ति ।। (Su. Ni. 15/3)

  1. Patan (Fall from somewhere)
  2. Peedan (compression)
  3. Parhar (strike with a stick)
  4. Aakshepan (Pulling)
  5. Vyal (trauma)


काण्डभग्नमत ऊर्ध्वं वक्ष्यामः – कर्कटकं, अश्वकर्णं, चूर्णितं, पिच्चितं, अस्थिच्छल्लितं काण्डभग्नं, मज्जानुगतं, अतिपातितं, वक्रं, छिन्नम्, पाटितम्  स्फुटितमिति द्वादशविधम् ।। (Su. Ni. 15/8)

Karkataka (Tranverse fracture), Aswakarna (Oblique fracture), Choornitha (Comminuted fracture), Pichitha (Compression fracture), Asthichallitha (Longitudinal fracture), Kandabhagna (Transverse fracture), Majjanugata (Impact fracture), Athipathita (Comminuted fracture), Vakra (Greenstick fracture), Chinna (incomplete fracture), Patitha (Cracked fracture), and Sputitha (Fissured fracture ).

LAKSHANA (Signs of Kanda Bhagan)

  1. Shotha (swelling)
  2. Sapandan (Pulsation)
  3. Vivartan (Rotation)
  4. Vivida vedana (Pain of various types)
  5. No relief in any condition


Diet for fracture patient

लवणम् कटुकं क्षारम्लम् मैथुनमातपम् । च न सेवेत भग्नो रुक्शान्नमेव च ।। (su. chi. 3/4)

Salty, bitter, alkaline, acidic, sexual intercourse, sunlight, exercise and dry food should not be consumed by the patient of Bhagan. A person suffering from Bhagan should consume meat, milk, drink, pea yush (a liquid preparation ), and a brimhana diet (which nourishes the depleted body components). The milk of the first delivery cow,  Laksha powder mixed with ghee should be given to the patient of Bhagan in the morning.

Bhaganrohan avadhi (Time for fracture union)

A person with childhood and minor defects and on proper treatment in the winter season can be cured easily. The fracture of childhood becomes stable in one month, the fracture of youth in two months, and that of old age in three months.


Planet Ayurveda offers the best combination of amazing herbal medicines, such as the FRACTURE HEALING PACK. These are 100% pure and natural herbs. The Fracture Healing Pack includes


 Herbal remedies for Fractures

Fractures Herbal Medicines



Lakshadi guggul is a classical preparation in which one of the ingredients is Laksha (Laccifer lacca). It also contains Guggul (Commiphora mukul) and Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera). Both of these help increase Vata’s energy and are also good for pain relief. Due to all the trauma in the body, the Vata energy in the body is heavy and causes pain and swelling. The formula also contains Arjuna (Terminalia arjuna) to help improve blood circulation. It is also a good source of calcium, which helps improve the healing process. The formulation helps to soothe ligaments and helps strengthen bones due to the presence of Asti Shrinkhala/Hadjod (Cissus quadrangularis). It contains Nagabala (Grewia populifolia) which possesses anti-osteoporotic effects and is useful in the management of low BMD (Bone Mineral Density).

Dosage: Two or three times a day, 1-2 tablets each time, with lukewarm water


Cissus power is a very powerful herb that is unique in Ayurveda in supporting the entire skeletal system of the body. Cissus power has a single component called the Hadjod (Cissus quadrangularis). Known for its pain-relieving properties, this herb also helps speed up the bone healing process. Asthi Shrinkhala means that it helps to maintain the relationship between Asthi dhatu. This herb is also good for shrinking bones. The plant is mild and easy to digest, sweet in taste, sharp after chewing, has hot potency and balances Vata and Kapha energy.

Dosage: Require 1-2 tablets two times every day, after meals with water.


Ashwagandhadi ghrit is an excellent preparation of ghrit which is effective in reducing fatigue (mainly due to pain) in this case. Additionally, there are Bibhitaki (Terminalia bellirica)  and Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) as components of ghrita. Bibhitaki helps heal broken bones, thus speeding up the healing process. It also includes Cow’s milk and Cow’s ghee, so it acts as a vata dosha pacifier. This formula supports overall health and nourishes tissues, joints and nerves.

Dosage: As guided by the physician or take 3 to 6 grams of Ashwagandhadi ghrita mixed with mishri.


Bone Support Formula is a great blend of herbs that work well for broken bones. The herbs in this formula help reduce symptoms such as tingling and surrounding swelling. In addition, this formulation helps strengthen the cartilage. Asthi bhagan can aggravate the vata dosha, causing joint pain and sometimes crepitation. Bone boosters have Hadjod (Cissus quadrangularis), which helps increase bone density, and Arjun (Terminalia arjuna), which helps improve blood flow. Apart from this, it also contains Praval pishti (Corallium rubrum) and Mukta (Compound of Pearl Calcium), which help to increase the calcium in the body.

Dosage: With plain water, after meals. 1 capsule two times a day.


The Dashmoola herbal medicine contains ten herbs that are very good for calming energy. Dashmool means using the roots of 10 herbs and the special roots of 10 different plants to prepare the capsules. It contains herbs such as Bilwa (Aegle marmelos), Shyonak (Oroxylum indicum), Patla (Stereospermum suaveolens), Agnimantha (Clerodendrum phlomidis), Gambhari (Gmelina arborea), Gokshura (Tribulus terrestris), Kantakari (Solanum surattense), Brihati (Solanum indicum), Prishnaparni (Uraria picta), and Shalparni (Desmodium gangeticum). This capsule is very effective in calming the vata dosha, thus reducing pain. Bilwa is used in fractures for wound healing. Shyonak is used as a antiseptic. Patla is used for its anti-inflammatory properties. Agnimantha is useful in cases of swelling and inflammation. Gambhari is useful to reduce pain and also treats Vata and Pitta diseases. Gokshur is a pain reliever and is used for inflammation. Kantakari manages pain and inflammation. Shalparni has an antipyretic property.

Dosage: – Take 1-2 tablets twice a day, after meals with plain water.


Fractures can range from minor cracks to complete fractures and can occur in any bone. Conditions such as physical trauma, overuse, and osteoporosis are common causes of fractures. Additionally, a person’s bones tend to weaken after aging. This increases their risk of fracture. The body can heal most broken bones, but treatment usually involves keeping the broken bone in place. Planet Ayurveda has a combined package called the FRACTURE HEALING PACK. It can be easily purchased from the Planet Ayurveda store. Also, follow the nutritional guidelines listed above for best results.

Pigmented Villonodular Synovitis – Symptoms, Causes and Ayurvedic Treatment


This curious condition of uncertain nature can be best characterized as a proliferative lesion of joints and tendon sheaths, marked by hemosiderin deposition within villous overgrowths of synovium. The synovial overgrowth may be sufficient to induce tumor-like masses which project into the joint or tendon sheath spaces. Indeed, as will be seen, one view holds that this lesion is basically neoplastic. It occurs as a localized process in tendon sheaths, but in joints the entire synovial lining is usually involved, particularly in the knee and less often the hip. Occasionally, lesions are found in periarticular tissues, presumably arising within sub-synovial connective tissue. Females tend to be affected slightly more often than males. Frequently, it leads to effusions into the joint spaces or tendon sheaths, accompanied by pain, swelling, and sometimes locking of the joint. Only the knee is involved in 80% of patients. It occurs usually in adults between 20-50 years of age.  Today we will read about pigmented villonodular synovitis in brief in this article.


Pigmented villonodular synovitis is a progressive condition in which proliferative lesions of joints and tendon sheaths are caused due to overgrowth of synovium. The mass is non cancerous and does not metastasize to other body parts. Grossly, the lesion in tendon sheaths takes the form of a small, ovoid swelling, rarely greater than 3 cm in diameter which on transection is usually golden-yellow to red-brown, depending on the amount of contained lipid and hemosiderin. In joint spaces, more or less of the entire synovial lining is transformed into a tangled mat by numerous sessile or villous projections. Sometimes discrete, yellow-brown nodules having the appearance of neoplasms develop either within the thickened synovial membrane or as pedunculated lesions


  • The exact cause is unknown. It can be caused by CSF1 gene over-expression.
  • Genetic mutations of chromosome 1p13 and rearrangement of 5q33 chromosomal.
  • Associated conditions like giant cell tumors of tendon sheath.


The pathogenesis of this lesion is completely obscure. It has been viewed variously as:-

  1. A neoplastic process
  2. As inflammatory in origin, although no specific agents been isolated
  3. As a localized disturbance of lipid metabolism leading to accumulation of lipids within phagocytic cells with secondary traumatic changes
  4. As an obscure overgrowth of synovial and peri synovial cells.

The fact that the lesion frequently recurs following incomplete excision has been taken as evidence for a neoplastic origin, but such behavior does not rule out other possible origins. We must leave it that this disabling but not life threatening condition is still a complete enigma.

Symptoms of Pigmented Villonodular Synovitis


  • Swelling and pain in joints which are affected
  • Locking of the joint
  • Stiffness in joints


  • Physical examination:- Inspection of joints to check  joint effusion, erythema, tenderness and motion of affected joint.
  • X-ray:- It may show periarticular mass, soft tissue swelling and cystic erosion of joints.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging:-  It shows excellent pictures of delineation of both extra-articular and intra-articular disease.


  • Medical:- Use of CSF-1 receptor antagonist
  • Surgery:- Partial synovectomy/complete synovectomy is done.

Ayurvedic overview

In ayurveda, pigmented villonodular synovitis’s symptoms nearly resemble Kroshtukasheersha which is described in sushruta samhita nidansthana vatavyadhi chapter shloka 76. In this disease mainly vata and rakta are involved.

वातशोणितज: शोफो जानुमध्ये महारुज:। 

शिर:क्रोष्टुकपूर्वं तु स्थूल: क्रोष्टुकमूर्धवत ।।  (सु. सं .नि .1/76)  

According to the above shloka:- In knee joint vikriti (imbalance) of vaat and rakta develop severe pain and swelling which is known as Kroshtukasheersha.

Vata dosha gets aggravated with above mentioned factors which lead to occupied vacant channels. On filling the vacant spaces, the aggravated vata develops many diseases like it may be limited to a particular area or affecting the whole body that is vatavyadhi.


  1. Raktamokshana (blood letting therapy):- In this therapy impure blood is expelled out from the body by using horns, leech, multiple pricking, gourds etc.
  2. Purgation:- This therapy is done by herbs in which toxins are expelled out from the body.
  3. Fasting therapy:- It brings lightness in the body.
  4. Raktashoshan (blood purification)

There are various herbs which purifies the blood including

  • Neem:- This is bitter and astringent in taste. It is always kapha and pitta but aggravates vata. It is light and cold in effect. Due to these properties it purifies the blood and prevents skin from acne, pimples, allergies, etc. It reduces the toxin level in the body.
  • Turmeric:- It contains bitter and pungent properties. It is light, dry and hot in effect. It is helpful in blood formation along with blood purification.
  • Manjishtha:- It is bitter and astringent and sweet in taste. It is heavy, dry and hot in effect but it is a pacifier of kapha and pitta. It helps to gain lusture and glow to the skin and aids to remove pimples, freckles and discoloration. It also promotes the healing of skin tissues damaged by injury or infection.
  • Daruharidra:- It is bitter and astringent, light, dry and hot in effect. It reduces inflammation and pain. It is a wound healer.

Herbal remedies for pigmented villonodular synovitis by planet ayurveda

Planet ayurveda provides various ayurvedic medicines for different kinds of diseases. They made various types of formulation by following all the principles of ayurveda in ancient textbooks. These ayurvedic medicines are GMP certified and are safe for the human body. All the formulations are made from pure herbs which are highly effective in the human body and free from harmful chemicals, preservatives, yeast or additives. Planet ayurveda provide herbal remedies for pigmented villonodular synovitis:-


Herbal Remedies for Pigmented Villonodular Synovitis

Ayurvedic Management of Pigmented Villonodular Synovitis

Product Description

1. Boswellia+curcumin

It is a poly herbal capsule made from shallaki (Boswellia serrata) and haridra (curcuma longa). Boswellia have anti-inflammatory features which stop the cytokines secretion and reduce inflammation or swelling. Curcuma longa has an antioxidant property which protects brain neurons and reduces the wrinkles on skin. It purifies the blood and helps in blood formation in the body. It also applies on cuts and bruises because it is a natural antibiotic. It prevents colon and skin tumors. It is known as antibacterial, anti-allergic, carminative and diuretic medicine. It is an effective remedy for sprains, wounds and inflamed joints.

DOSE:-2 capsule twice daily, after meals with plain water.

2. Joint aid plus

It is a polyherbal capsule formed from nirgundi (vitex negundo), shallaki (boswellia serrata), guggul (commiphora mukul), etc. It is bitter in taste but hot in effect. It has qualities to pacify all three doshas in the body (vata, pitta and kapha). It is light, dry, sharp and unctuous. It contains calcium, magnesium, iron and silicon dioxide. It is a very potent medicine for various types of joint problems such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteo arthritis and gout. It helps in reducing pain, swelling and tenderness of the inflamed joints. It has anti-hypercholesterolemic properties. It lowers serum triglycerides and cholesterol levels. It is an antioxidant and immune-modulator. It prevents all types of weakness and increases one’s strength and stamina. It induces sound sleep.

DOSE:- 1 Capsule twice daily

3. Lakshadi guggul

It is a herbal tablet made from laksha (laccifer lacca), arjuna (terminalia arjuna), ashwagandha (withania somnifera), etc. It is bitter and astringent in taste. It is dry, cold and light in effect. It is also a pacifier of kapha and pitta. It contains calcium, magnesium, aluminium etc. it is healer of wounds, antibacterial, antifungal and antipyretic. It is beneficial for heart diseases. It helps in excessive palpitation due to anxiety. It helps bones to regain strength after fractures. It contains anti-anginal properties. It is anti inflammatory as well anti-lipemic.

DOSE:– 2 tablets twice with lukewarm water

4. Kanchanaar guggul

It is a herbal tablet which is formed from kanchanar bark (bauhinia variegata), amalaki (emblica offinalis), haritaki (terminalia chebula), etc. It is bitter and astringent in taste but hot in effect. It has a strong antioxidant which reduces toxins from the body. It contains magnesium, calcium, vitamin B, iron, vitamin C, proteins and dietary fibre. It is effective in relieving pain. It reduces swelling and stiffness of joints. It helps in purification of blood and regulates the level of cholesterol. It improves the menstrual cycle in females.

DOSE:- 2 tablets twice daily with lukewarm water

5. Kamdudha ras (Moti yukt)

It is a classical ayurvedic pills made from giloy satva (tinospora cordifolia), mukta shukti bhasma (pearl oyster), shuddha gairik (red oxide of iron), etc. It pacifies all the three doshas. It is cold in effect. It acts as an anti inflammatory, antipyretic, anti arthritic, a blood purifier, antacid, antiemetic, etc. It decreases the heat level in the body and balances the production of acid in the stomach and decreases the inflammation of the organs. It is helpful in nausea, vomiting, and improving appetite. It inhibits gastric ulcers. It helps in treating white discharge from vagina in females. It is a rejuvenator and a restorative tonic.

DOSE:- 2 Pills twice daily

Contact Planet Ayurveda Support Team to provide you the costing / ordering and delivery information at – or Call at 0172-521-4030 (India), +91-172-521-4030 (Outside India) or Whatsapp at (+91) 9915-593-604


Pigmented villonodular synovitis is a progressive condition in which proliferative lesions of joints and tendon sheaths are caused due to overgrowth of synovium. In ayurveda it is caused by vitiation of  vata and rakta. In ayurveda we can manage this condition by various methods like blood purification by leech, horns etc. and by herbs like curcuma longa, neem, manjistha, daruharidra, etc.