A Ganglion cyst is a common noncancerous colorless, jelly-like fluid lump found on joints or tendons. They can appear anywhere but mostly develop on the front or back of the wrist, feet, fingers, and areas where you had a tendon or joint injury.
These cysts resemble water balloons, they fluctuate in size and may eventually disappear completely. Small cysts can be pea-sized; while large can be around an inch in diameter. They can become painful if they press on a nearby nerve. Their location can sometimes interfere with joint movement. In case it becomes problematic doctor suggests a surgical way to remove it. But if not so troublesome there are some other ways to remove it.
CAUSES OF GANGLION CYST :
Such cysts may occur at any age but is more common in females. Factors that may increase your risk of having such cysts include:
- Age and sex: common amongst females of 20 to 40 age group.
- Osteoarthritis: People who have wear and tear arthritis in the finger joints closest to their fingernails are at higher risk of developing ganglion cysts near those joints.
- Joint or tendon injury: Have you had any injury of the joint or tendon in the past, then it is more likely to develop the cyst.
- The size of the lump can vary, small not even detectable to large 1 inch in diameter. This round or oval cyst is generally small and not troublesome.
- Painful, only if the cyst starts to press the nerve that will cause tingling numbness or muscle weakness.
- Although they are filled with jelly-like fluid, they can be often hard.
Cysts at the far, frequently have arthritis associated with them. At this end knuckle, the overlying skin may become thin and there may be a lengthwise groove in the fingernail just beyond the cyst.
The physician often asks for x-rays to look for evidence of problems in adjacent joints. Treatment can often be nonsurgical. Splints and anti-inflammatory medication to decrease pain associated with the activities. Sometimes the doctors do a small puncturing the cyst and pressing it but it recurs.
If the cysts reoccur or the nonsurgical option does not give relief then the doctors suggest surgery, which may sometime involve removing a portion of the joint capsule or tendon sheath. In the case of wrist ganglion, surgical treatment is generally successful. So it is highly recommended to see a doctor if you experience a noticeable lump or pain in your wrist, hand ankle or foot. So that it is diagnosed at an early stage and necessary treatment is given.
What is the difference between Ganglion cyst and Synovial cyst:-
A synovial cyst is a noncancerous small fluid-filled lump that generally has no symptoms but sometimes it causes Sciatica. Or spinal stenosis. A thin layer of tissue(synovium), which produces a special lubricating fluid, surrounds the joints in the lower back. As joint break’s down with age, the fluid can accumulate, forming an odontoid synovial cyst.
It may make walking difficult, pain in the lower back that spreads down in one or both legs, pain that eases with sitting and worsens withstanding. It is diagnosed with MRI scan only.
If it becomes really painful then the surgery might be recommended.
It is important to note that both cysts are different as the location of where they happen, differs. Another major difference is that ganglion cysts do not contain a lining of synovium cells.
Ganglion Cyst Treatment in Ayurveda
Its is antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, anti-cancer, anti-bacterial, muscle relaxant and analgesic, thyroid stimulant. Kanchnaar Guggul is effective on tumors, cancers, cysts, polycystic kidney, liver cysts, goiter, boils, fistula, skin diseases, pros, and many more ailments. This is effective in uterine fibroids. It is used for weight loss as it has shudh (pure) guggul, which acts on the fat and melts it. In addition, it also helps in reducing stiffness, joint pain, and muscle weakness.
The red knots on the roots of the plant are responsible for being the lymph mover and blood purifier. This plant is said to spread in the blood and skin like a vine and act as the best purifier though there are other red root plants as beetroot, this is considered to be best. Manjistha Capsules calms the aggravated Pitta and breakdown the kapha. Because of its effect on lymph this herb is considered to be best for the skin to clean and clear the color and texture.
Curcumin Capsules contain bioactive compounds with medicinal properties. Anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, curcumin which is a family of ginger and widely used in Indian houses, boosts brain-derived neurotropic factors linked to brain functions.
Haridra, Sonth, Shallaki, Maricha, Pippali.
Shallaki is famous amongst arthritis patients as it relieves swelling in joints. It prevents cell damage caused by free radicals due to RumoGin 5 antioxidant activity. RumoGin 5 neutralizes Vata dosha. All nausea, diarrhea, arthritis, Osteoarthritis is taken care of by the combination of hridra, shallaki, sonth etc.