Category: Brain / Memory Health

Methods of Diagnosis in Ayurveda

Ayurveda is science of life which is composed of two sanskrit words (“ayur = life and “veda” = knowledge or science). It is a natural healing system which has been originated around 5000 years ago in the Vedic culture of India.

In Ayurveda it is believed that good health depends on an appropriate balance between body, mind and spirit. Ayurveda works on this concept that use of herbs, a balanced diet and a good life style can cure ailments.

Concept of Ayurveda

ayurveda-article

According to Ayurveda, everything in the universe either it is living or non living is connected with each other. Good health can be achieved when body, mind and spirit are in equilibrium with universe. Disruption of this equilibrium leads to poor health.

Every individual is having five basic elements as in the universe-

  • Space
  • Air
  • Fire
  • Water
  • Earth

These elements combine in the body and form the three energies called as doshas. These three energies are responsible to maintain the physical and mental health. Three energies are vata (wind), pitta (fire) and kapha (earth+ water). These energies are important to maintain the good health. Imbalance of any of three energies results in the health complications.

वायु: पित्तं कफश्चेति त्रयो दोषा: समासत: विकृताऽविकृता देहं घ्नन्ति ते वर्त्तयन्ति

The above vedic text explains that vata (vayu), pitta (fire) and kapha (earth) are the three doshas in the body. Appropriate balance of three doshas leads to the health whereas imbalance in tridoshas is responsible for diseases.

Methods of diagnosis in Ayurveda

ayurveda diginosis

Diagnosis is very important aspect of Ayurvedic treatment. Diagnosis means to find out the basic cause of a disease (Nidan). Without the proper diagnosis it is difficult to suggest medicine and cure the diseases.

Causative factors of diseases may be improper eating habits, life style and various other activities. In Ayurveda, treatment is done according to constitution of an individual.

Two Main methods of Diagnosis in Ayurveda:

  • Rog Pariksha ( Diagnosis of a disease)
  • Rogi Pariksha ( Examination of a patient)
  • Rog Pariksha ( Diagnosis of a disease)

It has been mentioned in Charak Samhita  vimaan sthan chapter 4.

Three ayurvedic diagnostic methods are applied for diagnosis of disease :

  • Aaptoupdesh(As is advised by ancient sages)
  • Pratyaksh(Direct observation)
  • Anumaan(Guess worke.g. to know digestive power of patient)
  • Rogi Pariksha ( Examination of a patient) –It is done by three methods of diagnosis in Ayurveda:

!)Tri-fold examination of a patient was given by Maharshi Vagbhata (the author of text book of Ashtanghridayam)

  • Observation (Darshan).
  • Touch, palpation and percussion(Sparshan)
  • Questioning (Prashan).

2) TENFOLD EXAMINATION (DASHVIDHA PAREKSHA) – Tenfold examination was given byAcharya Charaka in Charak Samhita  vimaan sthan chapter 8

Ten-fold examination of a patient has following 10 methods:

  • Prakriti (Body type/ Body constitution)
  • Vikriti (illness)
  • Sara(Outlook of patient)
  • Samhanan, (Type of food consumption like vegetarian and non –vegetarian)
  • Satva (Mental strength of patient)
  • Satmya (What suits to patient)
  • Aaharshakti (Food intake)
  • Vyayam-shakti( Physical fitness )
  • Vaya (Age)

Pramana( The quantitative measures) for examining a patient. Abnormalities related to the Structure and functions of body are observed.

3) EIGHTFOLD EXAMINATION (ASTHAVIDHA) – Eightfold examination as the name suggests that there are eight methods for the diagnosis. These types are more practical and useful.  It helps to get on quick diagnosis of an OPD patient. The Eight-fold examination of a patient has given by Yogratnakara

methods of ayurveda

In above Ayurvedic text it is explained that there are eight things (nadi -pulse, mala- feces, mutra- urine, jihva – tongue, shabda – hoarseness of voice, sparsha – touch, drik – examination of eyes, akruti – shape of body) which are to be examined by ayurvedic physician for making proper diagnosis of a disease.

pulse diagnosis in Ayurveda

  • Pulse examination (Nadi preekshan) – In this examination strength, rhythm and speed of pulse are observed to make a diagnosis.
  • If pulse is felt irregular (missing at intervals) or moving fast it can be compared to moving like a snake (sarpavat) that means vata is dominant in that pulse.
  • If pulse is having good volume with a throb and it can be compared to jumping frog (mandookvat) then pitta is dominant in that pulse.
  • If pulse is heavy or slow and its movement is like moving swan (hansvat) then kapha is dominant in that pulse.
  • Urine examination (Mootra preeksha) – Color and turbidity of urine is observed by naked eyes.
  • Fecal examination (Mala preeksha) –Examination of fecal matter is also done by naked eyes in order to see blood in stool and its floating nature (jalnimajan preeksha).
  • Tongue observation (Jivha preekshan) – Tongue of patient is examined for any discoloration, ulcers and white coating.
  • Examination of the voice and speech of pateint (Swar preekshan) – Hoarseness of voice is observed.
  • Skin and touch examination (Sparash preekshan) – Temperature of body, color and texture of skin is observed by Sparash preeksha.
  • Observation of eyes (Netra preekshan) – Color of iris, sclera and conjunctiva is observed.

Herbal Remedies for Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinsons Disease

It is a progressive disease that affects the nerves in the brain in its special part known as substantia nigra. It is a chronic and progressive disease that is characterized by slow and continuous loss of function in terms of muscle coordination and bodily movements.

The nerve cells produce a neurotransmitter known as Dopamine. In Parkinsonism as these nerve cells degenerate, there is decrease in the levels of dopamine neurotransmitter in the body. There are unique set of signs and symptoms by which a patient of Parkinson’s disease be easily identified.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

The signs and symptoms of the disease are generally slow and progressive, they may not be initially apparent and occur in the form of Bradykinesia or slowing of movements, tremors in the hands, jaws or foot.

The person may feel fatigued, he may forget a word or two while speaking and hand writing and speech may change. Initially, the tremors may occur in the form of rubbing of thumb and fingers.

Rigidity is another feature that affects many patients. It influences different patients to varying degrees.

People also face difficulty in standing and walking which may occur variedly and episodically in different people. The signs and symptoms continue to worsen and Dementia may occur as a result.

CAUSES OF PARKINSONISM

Parkinson’s to some degree occurs as a result of a genetic predisposition to the disease. A family history of Parkinson’s does increase the chances of developing the disease.

There are many environmental factors also which affect a person’s chances of developing Parkinson’s disease.

Many harmful insecticides and pesticides which are contaminating water and other food products also become predisposing factors for the development of the disease.

DIAGNOSING PARKINSONISM

Though not very difficult to diagnose, a Parkinson’s patient should have one or more of the following symptoms of Parkinsonism.

  1. Tremors
  2. Rigidity in the body
  3. Physical instability and incoordination of movements
  4. Slowness of movements

Parkinson’s is not a curable disease as it involves permanent death and damage of the nerve cells responsible for Dopamine release in the brain.

HOW TO CONTROL SYMPTOMS OF PARKINSON’S NATURALLY

  • Avoid caffeine and carbonated drinks which stimulate the release of adrenaline a hormone known to increase tremor intensity.
  • Manage weight as an excess body weight tends to worsen the symptoms like urine incontinence.
  • Avoid exposure to pesticides and insecticides.
  • Consume an herbal diet which is highly nutritious having plant based proteins, carbohydrates and plant based proteins and healthy fats.

HERBAL SUPPLEMENTS FOR PARKINSON’S

1. ZANDOPA GRANULES

The most effective medicine in modern sciences for the management of Parkinson’s is L-Dopa. It is a very effective medicine that is used for its great efficacy and slowing down the degeneration of the nerves in Parkinson’s.

Zandopa granules contain natural L-Dopa like ingredients and are safer than synthetic modern medicines in terms of long term use. They help to naturally restore the deficiency of Dopamine by acting as a natural substitute to a great extent.

Regular usage of these granules improves gait and cognitive functions.

DOSE – 1 Tea spoonful one to two times per day.

2. ASHWAGANDHA CAPSULES

Ashwagandha or withania somniferum is a great health tonic that is used for its amazing health benefits and is one of the best nerve rejuvenating herbs.

Regular usage of Ashwagandha helps to slow down the progress of the disease and helps to control the symptoms of Parkinson’s in a better way.

It also helps to control the increasing levels of anxiety and depression that affect the patients of Parkinsonism as the disease starts to adversely affect their daily routine.

DOSE – 1 -2 Capsules, once or twice daily.

3. BRAHMI CHYAWANPRASH

Brahmi or Bacopa monieri is a great nerve rejuvenating herb that is one of the best herbal supplements in use for the natural management of all kinds of brain and nerve disorders.

Brahmi chyawanprash is an herbal sweet jam that is made from many nerve stimulating herbs along with Brahmi.

It helps improve Dementia or loss of memory in the patients. It is also helpful in maintaining the coordination of bodily movements and general response of the body to the degenerative changes that it is undergoing.

DOSE – 1 Teaspoon full one to two times per day.

4. BRAHMA RASAYANA

It is an herbal recipe made on the name of Lord Brahma who is one of the most worshiped Hindu Gods. It is again a great nervine tonic. Regular use of the Brahma rasayana helps fight tiredness, fatigue and rigidity of the muscles, a common symptom found in Parkinson’s patients.

It has a long list of herbal ingredients like Shankhpushpi, Amla, Haridra, Giloy etc. which act together in a synergistic manner to control the symptoms of the disease.

Recent studies have confirmed use of Brahma rasayana in enhancing humoral immunity and increased production of white blood cells in the body.

DOSE – 1 – 2 Teaspoon full with milk after breakfast.