Immune thrombocytopenic purpura is a hematologic disorder. It is an autoimmune disease. When the healthy cells of the body are attacked by the immune system and cause disease it is called an autoimmune disease. The immune system protects the body from various infections and diseases. In this article, we are going to discuss symptoms, causes, and Ayurvedic aspects in detail.
When the number of platelets in blood decreases abnormally it is known as immune thrombocytopenic purpura. These platelets are tiny blood cells which are made in bone marrow. When the injury occurs, the platelets stick together and form plug-like wounds. These plug-like wounds are known as blood clots. In this thrombocytopenia is used for decreased number of platelets and purpura is used for the purple discolouration of the skin in the form of a bruise.
TYPES OF IMMUNE THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA
- Acute Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura
- Chronic Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura
ACUTE IMMUNE THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA
It is a short-term immune thrombocytopenic purpura. It often lasts for 6 months. It mainly occurs in children ages 2 to 6 years old. It is the most common form of this disorder. Usually, acute thrombocytopenia does not recur.
CHRONIC IMMUNE THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA
It is a long-term immune thrombocytopenic purpura. It lasts for more than 6 months, several years or a lifetime. It mostly occurs in adults and females rather than children and males. Chronic thrombocytopenia can often recur.
CAUSES OF IMMUNE THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA
In immune thrombocytopenia purpura, there is the production of antibodies against the platelets which stimulate the immune system to attack your body’s platelets. This is a result of any of the following immune system errors
- Allergy from medicine
- Viral infection
- Bacterial infection
- Viruses that cause AIDS, hepatitis, chicken pox
- Vaccines like MMR
SYMPTOMS OF IMMUNE THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA
- Bleeding into the skin which causes red or purple spots.
- Bleeding from gums
- Heavy menstrual bleeding
- Blood in vomit
- Blood in urine and stool
- Small red dots under the skin
DIAGNOSIS OF IMMUNE THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA
- Complete blood count for measuring the platelet count and the number of other blood cells.
- Blood smear for the microscopic look of platelets.
- Bone marrow aspiration
- Antiplatelet antibody test
TREATMENT OF IMMUNE THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA
- Platelet transfusion
COMPLICATIONS OF IMMUNE THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA
- Brain Hemorrhage
- Excessive bleeding from the nose
- Prolonged menstrual bleeding
AYURVEDIC ASPECT OF IMMUNE THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA
In ayurveda immune thrombocytopenic purpura is correlated with Raktapitta.
संयोगाद दूषणातंतु सामान्याद गंधवर्णयो:। रक्तस्य पित्तमाख्यातं रक्तपित्तं मनीषिभिः।। (च.चि. ४ /९ )
When pitta is conjugated with rakta and affects the rakta dhatu also a similarity in its smell and colour it is called Raktapitta.
SAMPRAPTI OF RAKTAPITTA (IMMUNE THROMBOCYTOPENIA PURPURA)
तैहेरतुभि: समुत्क्लिष्टं पितं रक्तं प्रपद्यते। तद्योनित्वात प्रपन्नं च वर्धते तत प्रदुष्यत।।
तस्योष्मणा द्रवो धातुधार्तोधर्तो: प्रसिच्यते। स्विद्यतस्तेन संवृद्धिं भूयस्तदधि गछति।।(च.चि. ४ /७-८)
Pitta aggravated by intake of hot, sharp, sour, pungent and salty substances in excess reaches rakta and because of similarity in constitution develops further at the same time affecting rakta. Due to the heat of the pitta, the fluid portion from all the fomented dhatus oozes out which again leads to an aggravation of the pitta.
TYPES OF RAKTAPITTA (IMMUNE THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA)
सान्द्रं सपाण्डु सस्नेहं पिच्छिलं च कफान्वितम। श्यावारुणं सफेनं च तनु रुक्षं च वात्तिकम।।
रक्तपित्तम कषायाभं कृष्णं गोमूत्रसन्निभम। मेचकागारधूमाञ्जनाभं च पैतिकम।।
संसृष्टलिङ्गं संसर्गात्रिलिङ्गं सान्निपतिकम।।(च.चि. ४/११-१२)
There are five types of raktapitta (immune thrombocytopenic purpura)
- Vataj Raktapitta (Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura)
- Paittika Raktapitta (Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura)
- Kaphaj Raktpitta (Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura)
- Dwandaj Raktapitta (Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura)
- Sannipatik Raktapitta (Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura)
Blood will be blackish, reddish, frothy, thin and rough in vataj raktapitta.
Blood having ochre-like, black, cow-urine-like, shining black, smokey and collyrium-like colour indicates paittika raktapitta.
When blood will be viscous, pale, unctuous and slimy indicates association of kapha.
Due to the combination of two doshas, the symptoms of the concerned ones are combined.
In this type of raktapitta, there are symptoms of all three doshas.
CAUSES OF RAKTAPITTA (IMMUNE THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA)
- Excess intake of ushna (warm) and tikshna (penetrative) aahar (food)
- Excess intake of lavana (salty), amla(sour) and vidahi ahar (spicy food)
- Excess exposure to the sun
- Incompatible food
COMMON FEATURES OF RAKTAPITTA (IMMUNE THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA)
- Aruchi (tastelessness)
- Yellow or red discolouration of eyes
- Heaviness in the head
- Rust smell in the mouth
AYURVEDIC TREATMENT OF RAKTAPITTA (IMMUNE THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA)
- Nidana parivarjana (Avoidance of disease-causing Factors)
- Tarpan-It includes herbal nutritious drinks and a diet mainly given in urdhwaga raktpitta.
- Vaman karma(Medical vomiting)
- Virechana karma(Purgation)
HERBAL REMEDIES FOR RAKTAPITTA (IMMUNE THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA) BY PLANET AYURVEDA
According to Planet Ayurveda, the proper diet, daily lifestyle, and Ayurvedic medication is important for better results without any side effects under the guidance of the doctor. The treatment which is provided by planet ayurveda is oral medications and lifestyle changes to restore the platelet count to normal and have no side effects. There is a proper care pack of herbal remedies for the cure of Raktapitta (Immune thrombocytopenic purpura). It is given below with ingredients that are used in these remedies
- Plato Plan Syrup
- Ashwagandha Capsules
- Punarnava Mandur
- Hemo Plan Syrup
- Suvarna Basant Malti Ras
1. PLATO PLAN SYRUP
Plato plan syrup is a polyherbal syrup which is formulated by Planet Ayurveda using Erandakarkati (Carica papaya), Giloy (Tinospora cordifolia), Wheatgrass (Triticum aestivum), Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), Amalaki (Emblica officinalis), Shigru (Moringa oleifera), Jeevanti (Leptadenia reticulata), Draksha (Vitis vinifera) and Sugar-free syrup. This syrup acts as an immunity booster in Raktapitta (immune thrombocytopenic purpura).
Dosage-2 spoons twice daily.
2. ASHWAGANDHA CAPSULES
Ashwagandha capsules are made up of the root extract of ashwagandha (Withania somnifera). It is naturally formulated by Planet Ayurveda. It helps increase the platelet counts by improving the immune system.
Dosage – 1 capsule twice daily.
3. PUNARNAVA MANDUR
Punarnava mandur is a polyherbal tablet which is formulated by Planet Ayurveda using Punarnava (Boerhavia diffusa), Shunti (Zingiber officinale), Pippali (Piper longum), Maricha (Piper nigrum), Amalaki (Emblica officinalis), Haritaki (Terminalia chebula), Chavya (Piper chaba), Haridra (Curcuma longa), Vidanga (Embelia ribes), Chitrak mool (Plumbago zeylanica) and Mandoor bhasma (Ferric oxide calx). It helps cure anemia. In this punarnava (Boerhavia diffusa) is helpful for the retention of fluid. The shunthi (Zingiber officinale) is useful for the reduction of pain and inflammation and maricha (Piper nigrum) acts as a natural diuretic.
Dosage – 2 tablets twice daily.
4. HEMO PLAN SYRUP
Hemoplan syrup is a polyherbal syrup which is formulated by Planet Ayurveda using Manjistha (Rubia cordifolia), Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus), Gorakhmundi (Sphaeranthus indicus), Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), Draksha (Vitis vinifera), Sariva (Hemidesmus indicus) and Sugar free syrup. It helps increase the level of haemoglobin. It is a natural blood purifier and also a natural source of iron from herbs.
Dosage – 2 spoons twice daily.
5. SUVARNA BASANT MALTI RAS
Suvarna basant malti ras is a polyherbal tablet which is formulated by Planet Ayurveda using Swarna bhasma (Gold calx), Mukta bhasma (Calx of pearl), Shuddha hingul (An ore of sulphur and mercury), Kharpara (Rasaka), Kali maricha (Piper nigrum), Shuddha parad (Purified mercury), Trikatu (Black pepper), Shuddha gandhak (Purified sulphur), Long pepper and dried ginger), Tamra bhasma (Copper calx), Loha bhasma (Iron calx) and juice extract of Datura (Datura metel), Kantakari (Solanum xanthocarpum), Kutki (Picrorhiza kurroa) and Nimbu swaras (Lemon juice). It helps in curing breathlessness due to the heaviness of fluid. It is also helpful in coughing.
Dosage – 1 tablet daily to be chewed with lukewarm water.
Contact Planet Ayurveda Support Team to provide you the costing/ordering and delivery information at – firstname.lastname@example.org or Call at 0172-521-4040 (India), +91-172-521-4040 (Outside India) or Whatsapp at (+91) 9915-593-604
Immune thrombocytopenic purpura is an autoimmune disease in which antibodies are detected against various parts of the platelet structure. It causes various purple color bruises and tiny red color dots. In Ayurveda, immune thrombocytopenic purpura is correlated with raktapitta. This rakta is affected by pitta dosha. Further, we discussed the herbal supplements from Planet Ayurveda which give amazing results in immune thrombocytopenic purpura without causing any side effects.