Category: Endocrine Health

Methods of Diagnosis in Ayurveda

Ayurveda is science of life which is composed of two sanskrit words (“ayur = life and “veda” = knowledge or science). It is a natural healing system which has been originated around 5000 years ago in the Vedic culture of India.

In Ayurveda it is believed that good health depends on an appropriate balance between body, mind and spirit. Ayurveda works on this concept that use of herbs, a balanced diet and a good life style can cure ailments.

Concept of Ayurveda


According to Ayurveda, everything in the universe either it is living or non living is connected with each other. Good health can be achieved when body, mind and spirit are in equilibrium with universe. Disruption of this equilibrium leads to poor health.

Every individual is having five basic elements as in the universe-

  • Space
  • Air
  • Fire
  • Water
  • Earth

These elements combine in the body and form the three energies called as doshas. These three energies are responsible to maintain the physical and mental health. Three energies are vata (wind), pitta (fire) and kapha (earth+ water). These energies are important to maintain the good health. Imbalance of any of three energies results in the health complications.

वायु: पित्तं कफश्चेति त्रयो दोषा: समासत: विकृताऽविकृता देहं घ्नन्ति ते वर्त्तयन्ति

The above vedic text explains that vata (vayu), pitta (fire) and kapha (earth) are the three doshas in the body. Appropriate balance of three doshas leads to the health whereas imbalance in tridoshas is responsible for diseases.

Methods of diagnosis in Ayurveda

ayurveda diginosis

Diagnosis is very important aspect of Ayurvedic treatment. Diagnosis means to find out the basic cause of a disease (Nidan). Without the proper diagnosis it is difficult to suggest medicine and cure the diseases.

Causative factors of diseases may be improper eating habits, life style and various other activities. In Ayurveda, treatment is done according to constitution of an individual.

Two Main methods of Diagnosis in Ayurveda:

  • Rog Pariksha ( Diagnosis of a disease)
  • Rogi Pariksha ( Examination of a patient)
  • Rog Pariksha ( Diagnosis of a disease)

It has been mentioned in Charak Samhita  vimaan sthan chapter 4.

Three ayurvedic diagnostic methods are applied for diagnosis of disease :

  • Aaptoupdesh(As is advised by ancient sages)
  • Pratyaksh(Direct observation)
  • Anumaan(Guess worke.g. to know digestive power of patient)
  • Rogi Pariksha ( Examination of a patient) –It is done by three methods of diagnosis in Ayurveda:

!)Tri-fold examination of a patient was given by Maharshi Vagbhata (the author of text book of Ashtanghridayam)

  • Observation (Darshan).
  • Touch, palpation and percussion(Sparshan)
  • Questioning (Prashan).

2) TENFOLD EXAMINATION (DASHVIDHA PAREKSHA) – Tenfold examination was given byAcharya Charaka in Charak Samhita  vimaan sthan chapter 8

Ten-fold examination of a patient has following 10 methods:

  • Prakriti (Body type/ Body constitution)
  • Vikriti (illness)
  • Sara(Outlook of patient)
  • Samhanan, (Type of food consumption like vegetarian and non –vegetarian)
  • Satva (Mental strength of patient)
  • Satmya (What suits to patient)
  • Aaharshakti (Food intake)
  • Vyayam-shakti( Physical fitness )
  • Vaya (Age)

Pramana( The quantitative measures) for examining a patient. Abnormalities related to the Structure and functions of body are observed.

3) EIGHTFOLD EXAMINATION (ASTHAVIDHA) – Eightfold examination as the name suggests that there are eight methods for the diagnosis. These types are more practical and useful.  It helps to get on quick diagnosis of an OPD patient. The Eight-fold examination of a patient has given by Yogratnakara

methods of ayurveda

In above Ayurvedic text it is explained that there are eight things (nadi -pulse, mala- feces, mutra- urine, jihva – tongue, shabda – hoarseness of voice, sparsha – touch, drik – examination of eyes, akruti – shape of body) which are to be examined by ayurvedic physician for making proper diagnosis of a disease.

pulse diagnosis in Ayurveda

  • Pulse examination (Nadi preekshan) – In this examination strength, rhythm and speed of pulse are observed to make a diagnosis.
  • If pulse is felt irregular (missing at intervals) or moving fast it can be compared to moving like a snake (sarpavat) that means vata is dominant in that pulse.
  • If pulse is having good volume with a throb and it can be compared to jumping frog (mandookvat) then pitta is dominant in that pulse.
  • If pulse is heavy or slow and its movement is like moving swan (hansvat) then kapha is dominant in that pulse.
  • Urine examination (Mootra preeksha) – Color and turbidity of urine is observed by naked eyes.
  • Fecal examination (Mala preeksha) –Examination of fecal matter is also done by naked eyes in order to see blood in stool and its floating nature (jalnimajan preeksha).
  • Tongue observation (Jivha preekshan) – Tongue of patient is examined for any discoloration, ulcers and white coating.
  • Examination of the voice and speech of pateint (Swar preekshan) – Hoarseness of voice is observed.
  • Skin and touch examination (Sparash preekshan) – Temperature of body, color and texture of skin is observed by Sparash preeksha.
  • Observation of eyes (Netra preekshan) – Color of iris, sclera and conjunctiva is observed.

The Ultimate Diet Plan for Hypothyroid Patients


Thyroid is a small gland situated in front of the wind pipe and around it. It looks like a butterfly with widely spread wings. Thyroid gland is situated just above the voice box. The hormonal control governed by this gland is majorly responsible for the body’s proper metabolism and functioning. If the secretions of the thyroid gland get disturbed, the whole body loses its balance and its symptoms can be seen in each and every organ of the body.

Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism are two ways in which thyroid gland can become diseased and harm our body.

Here we will discuss about hypothyroidism in detail and how diet can play a crucial role in its management.

So what should an ultimate diet plan for hypothyroid patients look like?

Hypothyroidism is a condition in which thyroxin hormone is secreted in reduced amounts by the body and a common clinical finding is an increased TSH level.

Now, the consequences of this condition is an abnormally slow metabolism, water retention in the body, dullness, body ache, and possibly every organ right from the head to toe shows some or the other sign of hypothyroidism.

Let us start with the list of what to be consumed in order to get thyroid gland back to better functioning.

Get back Iodine

The first change in diet plan is to include more of Iodine in it. The simplest way is to consciously use Iodized salt in diet. Iodine is one of the most important minerals for the efficient functioning of the Thyroid gland.

Some other options to get an improved supply of Iodine in diet are seaweeds and sea foods, celtic sea salts etc.

Cow’s milk, eggs, salmon and tuna are some other iodine rich sources that are not only available commonly but also equally relishing.


It is another mineral which is required in more amounts in diet of hypothyroid patients. Garlic, onions and whole grains, eggs, sunflower seeds, brazil nuts are some of the dietary products rich in selenium.

Shrimp, Tuna, Turkey are some of the non – vegetarian options.


Zinc is another mineral good for countering effects of hypothyroidism. Chicken, crab, oysters, whole grains and dairy products are common sources of dietary zinc for us.


We all know vitamins are always needed by our body and natural dietary sources are the most reliable ones to fall back upon.

Vitamin B – complex, C, E are the main vitamins that one should deliberately include in diet to boost up thyroid secretions.

Anti – Oxidants

We know how super foods are capturing everyone’s attention these days and without doubt for all the right reasons. Anti – oxidant rich foods help the body in getting rid of the harmful free radicals that accumulate in our body as a by product of faulty metabolism.

For a hypothyroidism patient the need for anti – oxidant rich foods becomes all the more important.

Blueberries, cranberries, raspberries, apples, cherry, green tea, grapes and legumes are rich in anti – oxidants and should be more frequently consumed.

Weight Loss

Most people battling hypothyroidism have been found to have obesity issues. It is very important to devise a well balanced diet plan keeping in mind the need for weight loss and how it will help in improving thyroid function.

A balanced diet and a healthy exercise routine that suits the body can work wonders in improving the metabolism of a hypothyroidism patient.

Another important thing to know is that faulty thyroid hormone secretions over a period of time start influencing other hormonal control systems in the body like insulin, reproductive hormones etc.

Especially in females, reproductive problems can be a symptom of thyroid imbalance in the body which many a times goes unnoticed because the focus remains on the reproductive hormones only.

Maintaining a healthy body weight is not only preventive but also protective of your body, saving it from not one but many health problems.

Avoid Goitrogenic Chemicals

These are certain chemicals which have a harmful impact on the thyroid gland and therefore should be avoided. For a hypothyroid patient it is very important to know about them and start avoiding them right away.

What else to be avoided?

There is a whole list of eatables which every hypothyroid patient should know and avoid if interested in a quick recovery.

So we start with raw vegetables like spinach, broccoli, Brussels, sprouts, turnip, cauliflower etc.

Next in the list are Soy products like tofu, soya bean nuggets, soy lentils etc.

Millets and grains containing gluten like wheat, barley, rye, semolina etc.

A Word of Advice

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle for a hypothyroidism patient is much more important than one realizes. It is partly because once thyroid secretions start altering inside the body, the only treatment option is to try to maintain it. There is not much to be done if we think about curing this condition.

Though things are not all that bad, small dietary and lifestyle changes can serve to help people live long and healthy lives without having to deal with the complications.

It all requires motivation and awareness of oneself and of the condition called as hypothyroidism. Once we are aware of our body and its demands to stay healthy, things become a lot simpler.