Category: Female Health



Monthly shedding of the uterus lining is called menstruation. Pattern of a normal menstrual cycle is different for different women. On an average a woman has her periods every 28 days, but if it takes longer or shorter than this, from 21 to 40 days, it is considered to be normal. So, track your menstrual cycle and find out what is normal for you. Having your first period is called Menarche. A girl can have menarche anywhere after the age of 10, average is 12 years.

Premenstrual syndrome

What does your body go through during the menstrual cycle?

Rise and fall of hormone estrogen and progesterone plays a major role in menstruation. The specified events are as follows:

  • Menstrual phase: This phase lasts for 3 to 5 days. During this time the lining of the uterus is shed out through vagina.
  • Follicular phase: This phase lasts from day 6 to 14. In this phase the estrogen level rises and is responsible for making the uterus lining to grow and thicken. Moreover, FSH (Follicular Stimulating Hormone) is responsible for growth of follicles in the ovary.
  • Ovulation: It occurs at about day 14, during this phase Luteinizing Hormone (LH) increases resulting in release of an egg from ovary.
  • Luteal Phase: The time from day 15 to 28 is called Luteal phase. During this phase after releasing from the ovary, the egg travels down the fallopian tube to the uterus. During this phase the progesterone hormone rises to prepare the uterus for pregnancy. A woman can become pregnant if the egg gets fertilized by a sperm and attached to the inner lining of the uterus. But if pregnancy doesn’t happen there is a fall in the level of estrogen and progesterone and the uterine lining is shed during the menstrual period.

It’s Important to have a track of menstrual cycle

It’s good to keep a record of what is normal for you and to identify the regularity of your periods. In order to keep a track, have a note of the following things regularly every month:

  • Start date: It’s important to note the start date of periods every month.
  • End date: How long does it last, whether for longer or shorter duration?
  • Flow: Notice if it is lighter or heavier or are there any blood clots.
  • Pain: Keep a record if there is any cramping pain present.
  • Any other changes: Have a note of any mood or behavioral changes or any other changes in body should be jotted down carefully.


During the first few years of menarche it’s normal to have heavy, irregular and painful periods. It’s a rare condition to have any underlying disease and the symptoms improve as the age increases. The immaturity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovary axis is responsible for this irregularity during the first few years of menarche.

Although the initial years of the menstrual cycle are said to be irregular, it still needs not to be ignored because heavy and prolonged periods for weeks can lead to anemia or rarely cardiovascular collapse. Due to raised levels of a hormone called prostaglandins, periods become painful that need to be managed.

Do not ignore if the following symptoms persists:

  • Flow or spots between the periods
  • Heavy flow
  • Flow that lasts longer than usual
  • Cramping


As discussed earlier it could be normal to have little irregularity in initial years, but if it persists then serious consideration is neededas it could be due to underlying disease. Following are the common causes:

  • Eating disorder: The girls having eating disorders such as anorexia or bulimia are more likely to have irregular periods. It is because with these disorders the body is not able to produce enough hormone that controls the menstrual cycle.
  • Diabetes: Uncontrolled blood sugar level affects the normal menstrual cycle.
  • Medications: There are few medications that are said to affect the normal menstrual cycle like antipsychotics or anti-epileptics.
  • Hyperprolactinemia: When there is increased prolactin, known as protein hormone, the girl may have irregular periods.
  • Polycystic ovaries: Girls having polycystic ovarian syndrome experience irregular periods.
  • Stress: It has manifold effects on the body but regarding menstruation a girl may have delayed or missed periods.


  • Delayed periods for over 90 days
  • Sudden irregular periods
  • Prolonged periods for over a week or 21 days
  • Having a heavy periods
  • Having periods in between the menstrual cycle
  • Most painful periods.


Although a fair amount of girls pass through the initial phase of menstrual irregularities, there are few in which irregularity persists and if ignored can lead to some complications known as PMS (premenstrual syndrome).Symptoms of PMS include: headache, tender breasts, pelvic pain, premenstrual tension, bloating, mood swings, sleep disorder, clumsiness, behavioral changes, and change in sexual desire.


Finding an underlying cause for irregular periods is a must but here are few home remedies that are proved to be very beneficial which are as follows:

  • Practice Yoga: Yoga has proved to be very effective in making the menstrual periods regular. It reduces menstrual pain, fights with depression and anxiety and improves quality of life.
  • Add ginger in diet: Ginger is known to treat irregular diet. It is advised to take 750 mg of ginger powder during the menstruation period to have pain free time.
  • Cinnamon: consumption of cinnamon is known to be effective in managing PCOS, reducing menstrual bleeding and pain.
  • Vitamins: normal level of vitamin D and vitamin B has a crucial role in regulating the menstrual cycle.
  • Maintain a healthy weight: In order to be fit one has to exercise regularly.


Ayurved holds a view that Vata dosha governs the menstrual cycle. Whenever an irregularity in menstrual cycle occurs there is a hindrance to the free flow of vata. In order to bring back the vata to flow freely the Ayurvedic practitioners suggest some lifestyle and dietary changes along with pure herbal remedies.

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There is a PMS Care Pack which is gaining popularity for treating the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome. It consists of pure herbal remedies which are 100% safe and free from any side effects. In case of any query kindly visit


Apple Cider Vinegar Nutrition Facts, Health Benefits & Health Risks


Apple cider vinegar is basically made out of fermented apples along with water and it consists of 5 percent acidity. You might have also noticed that there are different kinds of Apple cider vinegar available in the market. There are studies suggesting that apple cider vinegar is responsible for burning the extra fats in the body. Due to this reason it has become very popular among the people and has zero calories without any fat, protein, fiber or carbohydrates. Other than losing weight there are many other health benefits of Apple cider vinegar but there is a limit to everything because too much leads to some risks. So, through this article we are going to discuss the health benefits as well as risk of taking Apple Cider Vinegar.


Apple cider vinegar has a really high status in the market and it is said that there many properties that are helpful for health but few know about it. Everything has their own pros and cons, so Apple cider vinegar is no exception.

apple cider vinegar

Here are the Benefits

1. Type 2 Diabetes

There are many studies that have shown that apple cider vinegar has many health benefits including type 2 diabetes too. As published by the Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, including 2 teaspoons of vinegar is helpful in reducing blood sugar levels if you include complex carbohydrates in the diet. Other studies published by the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition have shown that people who included vinegar in their diet were able to improve their insulin levels. Much of the evidence also shows that drinking water mixed with vinegar was not only able to control glucose levels but also reduce the craving of carbs as well.

2. Acid Reflux

It is seen that vinegar contributes to decreasing the production of acid and that is why it is recommended to have apple cider vinegar. Along with that it also reduces the symptoms related to acidity including heartburn. According to some studies published by the Journal Current Gastroenterology Reports in the year July 2019 it has been found that apple cider vinegar has a significant help in decreasing the acid reflux.

3. Yeast Infection

Other than weight loss Apple cider vinegar also has properties for treating any kind of infection in the body. As published in the Alternative therapies in Health and Medicine, a doctor was able to successfully treat the 32 year old female patient of chronic yeast infection with only applying it topically. It should always be applied in the supervision of a doctor as it can affect the pH balance of the vagina.

4. High Cholesterol

Apple cider vinegar is also very beneficial in controlling the levels of cholesterol in the body. One of the experiment done on the obese rat showed that apple cider vinegar helped in lowering down the total cholestrol as well as LDL Cholesterol levels. As they are packed with antioxidants which makes it natural for treating people who suffer from high levels of cholesterol.

5. Reducing Inflammation

Some of the studies suggested that apple cider vinegar has helped in managing the symptoms caused by inflammatory disease like multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis as well as ankylosing spondylitis. As discussed above, Apple cider vinegar helps in gastrointestinal symptoms by improving the gut bacteria so in turn it naturally affects the inflammation.

6. Reducing Stress

Any patient suffering from HIV, Hepatitis C and mental health disorders has a significant effect on managing the stress. In case of HIV it helps in controlling symptoms to some levels and in Hepatitis C it controls the disease by removing toxins from the body. It is very effective in improving the overall health of the organs.

7. Skin Condition

In the studies published by the Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology in the year of 2015.

Here are some of the skin disease it is found to be effective including

1. Psoriasis

In this condition  that skin becomes very itchy and the skin always appears very scaly. Anyone suffering from it is suggested to apply it directly on the skin by diluting the vinegar in water as it effectively reduces bleeding as well as itching.

2. Eczema

According to the studies of Annals of Dermatology published in the year December 2016 it was found in the experiment while treating mice with eczema that contains acidic creams which includes vinegar creams also. This leads to less flare up and naturally improves the function of the barrier by providing hydration to the skin.


Here are some of the Health Risk of Apple Cider Vinegar

1. Lowering the Potassium Levels

It is seen that consuming too much vinegar can affect the levels of potassium in the blood as well as bone. A 28 year old woman who consumed apple cider vinegar for almost 6 year was reported to have low levels of potassium. She was also diagnosed with the brittle bone condition known as osteoporosis.

2. Erosion of the Enamel present in Teeth

As it is commonly known that beverages that are high in acidic are very effective in damaging the tooth enamel. As acetic acid present in the apple cider vinegar is dangerous for the tooth enamel. As vinegar has relatively high pH levels that results in 20 percent loss of the minerals present in the teeth. There was a test conducted which largely proved about vinegar affecting the enamel.

3. Burning in Throat

Apple cider has the potential of causing burning in the throat and is especially harmful for children. Its high acetic acid level has proven to be the cause resulting in burning as well as pain in the throat.

Side-effects in Digestion

People who consume too much apple cider vinegar are seen with unpleasant digestive problems. As many studies have proven that acetic acid as well as apple cider vinegar leads to feeling of fullness and also decreasing appetite. This then results in eating less and also leading to indigestion.


Apple Cider vinegar is quite useful if taken in a minimum amount as mentioned above in the article. Taking it too much can lead to many other health problems so, it is very important to consult a doctor before including it in your diet. It is also important to take apple cider vinegar in a diluted form instead of taking directly and always take the one that is healthy as well as safe.