Category: Arteriosclerosis

Treatment of Myxomatous Mitral Valve Disease in Ayurveda

Abstract

Mitral valve prolapse is a type of heart valve disease that affects the valve between the left heart chambers. Heart disease develops when the arteries that supply blood to the heart become clogged with plaque and cause them to harden and narrow. Other kinds of heart problems when the heart may not pump enough blood causes heart failure. Some may have signs of indigestion, exercise intolerance that can not perform activity normally. In heart disease it doesn’t get enough blood supply to provide oxygen to the muscles especially during exercise. When coronary arteries get blocked due to plaque it ruptures and causes clot then blood supply of the heart is lost causing heart muscles to die. In this disease we are going to discuss its signs, symptoms, treatment and its ayurvedic aspect in detail.

Introduction

Myxomatous mitral disease is the most common form of valvular heart disease. The flaps of the mitral valve are floppy which bulge backwards into the heart’s left upper chamber when the heart squeezes. When this prolapse causes blood to leak backwards developing a condition known as mitral valve regurgitation. It is commonly known as Barlow syndrome, Click murmur syndrome, Floppy disease, Billowing mitral valve syndrome. It is a common disease which is completely harmless.

The mitral valve is the door that connects the left atrium to the left ventricle, and these chambers are responsible for collecting oxygen rich blood and then pumping to the whole body. The leaflets are responsible for opening and shutting with each heartbeat to manage blood flow. But in this disease there is abnormality in leaflets and chordae causing the valve floppiness which causes mitral valve prolapse. Myxomatous is usually benign but complications include endocarditis, chordal rupture. Some patients experience chest pain, dyspnea, dizziness, and include crisp mid systolic which is followed by late systolic murmur if regurgitation is present.   

Mitral Valve Prolapse

FACTS

  • Heart is the leading cause of death.
  • One person dies every 34 seconds in United states from cardiovascular disease
  • Mitral valve prolapse is caused due to weakness in the tissue.
  • If mitral valve leaflets do not form tight seals upon closure it causes heart valve disease.
  • Mitral valve prolapse causes 2 conditions – Mitral valve stenosis and Mitral valve regurgitation.
  • Women above 50 year of age should be careful as they are more prone to develop this disease.
  • Two distinct sounds can detect mitral valve prolapse
  • Heart attacks and rheumatic can further damage mitral valve leaflets.

CAUSES

  1. When there is bulging of the valve blood leaks backwards causing mitral valve regurgitation.
  2.  Mitral valve prolapse is caused by valve tissue weakness called myxomatous degeneration.
  3. Marfan syndrome – is an inherited disorder that affects connective tissue, fibres which support organs and other structure of the body. Most commonly affects the heart, eyes, and blood vessels.
  4. Loeys Dietz syndrome- is a connective tissue disorder with hypertelorism (widely spaced eye), bifid uvula.

SYMPTOMS

  • Irregular heart beat
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath during exercise and lying down
  • Chest pain
  • Migraines
  • Orthostatic hypotension (BP falls down when patient stands up)
  • Syncope
  • Benign arrhythmias (atrial premature beats)
  • Ventricular premature beats

DIAGNOSIS

  1. Echocardiography
  2. Transthoracic echocardiogram
  3. Transeseophageal echocardiogram
  4. Chest X ray
  5. Cardiac catheterization
  6. Exercise and stress test

PROGNOSIS

  1. It is usually benign but myxomatous degeneration of the valve leads to MR.
  2.  In patients with severe MR there is incidence of left atrial enlargement, arrhythmias (atrial fibrillation), stroke, endocarditis, stroke which further need for valve replacement.

TREATMENT

  • Sometimes patients don’t need any treatment for mitral valve prolapse but in mild form beta blockers are prescribed. As beta blockers relax the vessels and slow down heart rate.
  • In atrial fibrillation anticoagulants (blood thinners) are given, as in atrial fibrillation there is a risk of blood clots and strokes.
  • Antibiotics are given to prevent heart infection known as infective endocarditis.
  • Diuretics to remove salt and water through urine and reduce blood pressure.
  • Antiarrhythmics are given to reduce the irregular heart rhythms.
  • In mitral valve prolapse two surgery are done

Mitral valve repair the surgeons take out the excess tissue from the valve which is prolapsed so that flaps can be closed tightly. Cords are also removed to support the valves.

Mitral valve replacement is done when mitral valve repair is not possible. In this surgery the mitral valve is removed and replaced with a mechanical valve made from cow, pig heart. Sometimes a heart catheter is also done to place a replacement valve into a biological valve which is known as valve in valve procedure.

Replacement and repair surgery are often open surgery techniques which are minimally invasive and percutaneous.

PREVENTION

  1. Build an healthy lifestyle  and exercise daily
  2. Quit tobacco and smoking
  3. Heart building eating plans must be followed such as low fat and fat free dairy products, avoid taking saturated and trans fat, excess salt and sugar.
  4. Maintain a healthy weight
  5. Blood pressure and diabetes must be in control
  6. Manage stress by practicing Yoga and medication.

AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT

Hrid roga means cardiac disorder, due to change in diet and style the incidence of heart disorder is increasing day by day. Ayurveda is serving society by cure and prevention (swasthya rakshanam) to prevent heart disease. To assess ahara, dincharya, vihara, ritucharya, rasayan is described to play an important role in heart diseases. According to Acharya Sushrutha suppression of natural urge, intake of ushana, rukshana, moves to hridya which involves rakta. In this disease due to intake of mithya ahara vihara agnimandya is caused which further causes saam rasa dhatu (hypercholesterolemia) and due to sama rasa dhatu sroto avrodh and dhamniparticharya (Atherosclerosis, obstruction of arteries) occurs which further results in hridya rogas.

NIDANA

  1. Consumption of hot food
  2. Excessive consumption of sour, astringent, bitter food.
  3. Excessive thinking, stress.
  4. Forcefully withhold natural urge
  5. Administration of excessive purgation therapy
  6. Frequent vomiting
  7. Over anxiety
  8. Excessive ama formation

SAMANYA LAKSHANA

  1. Discoloration
  2. Cough
  3. Tastelessness
  4. Abdominal pain
  5. Abnormal tastes in the mouth
  6. Dyspnea
  7. Hiccough
  8. Thirst

TYPES OF HRID ROGAS

1. Vataja hrid rogas–  Heart disease caused by vitiated vata doshas causing

  1. Expansion of heart
  2. Blasting pain in heart
  3. Cutting pain
  4. Pricking type of pain

2. Pittaja hrid rogas – Heart diseases caused by vitiated pitta dosha-

  1. Severe thirst
  2. Burning sensation
  3. Excessive tiredness
  4. Excessive sweating
  5. Dryness of the oral cavity
  6. Sucking pian

3. Kaphaja hrid rogas- Heart disease caused by vitiated kapha

  1. Heaviness in the body
  2. Tastelessness
  3. Sweet taste in the mouth
  4. Rigidity
  5. Anorexia
  6. Excessive salivation

4. Tridosha hrid rogas– Here all the symptoms of doshas are present

5. Krimija hrid rogas– In krimija hrid rogas the person who is consuming excess dugdha (milk), jaggery while having hrid rogas a cystic swelling is formed in hridaya marma. The granthi gets filled up with kleda (exudates) the rasa dhatu moves in circulation and increases exudates which becomes an ideal environment for krimi to manifest by consuming incompatible food in the heart due to development of krimi. It can be correlated with myocardial infarction

  • Nausea
  • Excessive spitting
  • Pricking pain
  • Colic chest pain
  • Blackish discoloration of eye
  • Anorexia

COMPLICATION

  • Giddiness
  • Cough
  • Dryness of throat
  • Psychological disorders
  • Epilepsy, memory related disorders
  • Tissue depletion
  • Dryness of palate
  • Destruction of mind
  • Delirium (serious disturbance in mental abilities result in confused thinking and reduced awareness).

TREATMENT OF HRID ROGAS

  • Avoidance of manas hetu
  • Diet and style modification
  • Rasayan therapy for hriday rog – amalaki rasayan, shilajeet rasayan.
  • Nidan parivarjan – change in diet and life style habit
  • Samshodhana therapy- is a purification therapy which removes the toxins (vitiated by doshas, dhatus) and causes disease. It restores the equilibrium of doshas. It is known as five fold line of treatment

There are 3 stages

  1. Purva karma- snehan, sweden
  2. Pradhan karma- vaman, virechan, asthapana basti, anuvasana basti, nasya karma.
  3. Paschat karma- post purification therapy.

Mridu vamana in vata and kapha hridrogas.

Virechana in krimij hrid rogas.

Snehan, sweden, shirodhara is also effective in heart disease

Yoga for hrid roga

  1. Light exercise
  2. Shavasan
  3. Surya namaskar
  4. Pranayam

HERBS USEFUL IN HRID ROGAS-

1. ARJUNA

Arjuna (Terminalia arjuna) is useful for anginal pain, congestive heart failure, dyslipidemia. It has antioxidant cardiovascular properties. It has kashaya rasa (astringent taste) that acts as stambhana and heals fracture wounds quickly. It is useful in relieving ulcers due to pitta and kapha doshas, and relieves thirst and fatigue. Arjuna is a cardiac tonic that strengthens the heart and high cholesterol.

2. Pushkar

Pushkar (Inula racemosa) useful in treatment of heart disease, asthma, cough. Because of its bitter taste it balances kapha dosha and due to its hot potency it balances vata dosha. Pushkar is useful in fever, flank pain, COPD, has antihistamine and bronchodilator effects. It acts as a beta blocker herb so it is very useful in high BP. It has antiviral and antibacterial effects and is a uterine stimulant

HERBAL REMEDIES BY PLANET AYURVEDA FOR MYXOMATOUS MITRAL VALVE DISEASE

Planet ayurveda is an ayurvedic clinic which provides great treatment with many great results. All the formulations are made under the strict guidance of M.D experts. These remedies are free from any kind of color, resins, and preservatives. The formulations are free from any side effect as they are 100% pure medications made by natural products such as plant extract. No animal product is used in making any formulation  which provides great relief to patients without any side effects. Planet Ayurveda provides HEART CARE PACK which is useful in heart disease .

PRODUCTS LIST

  1. Arjuna Capsules
  2. Arjun Tea
  3. Total Heart Support
  4. Gotu Kola Capsules.

Hernal Remedies for Heart Failure

Herbal Remedies for Heart Failure

PRODUCTS DESCRIPTION

1. ARJUNA CAPSULES

These capsules are single herbal preparation formulated by planet ayurveda using standardized extract of Arjuna (Terminalia arjuna). Arjuna capsules balance all the three doshas in the body, maintaining a healthy heart and healthy blood cells. It decreases LDL level and is an excellent antioxidant. It is used as cardiac tonic which has cold potency, astringent taste (kashaya), laghu guna (lightness). Regular intake of these capsules maintains a healthy heart without any side effects.

Dosage- 1-2 capsules twice daily with plain water after meals.

2. ARJUN TEA

Arjun tea is a herbal tea preparation formulated by planet ayurveda using ingredients like Arjuna (Terminalia arjuna), Punarnava (Boerhavia diffusa), Choti elaichi (Elettaria cardamomum) and many more. It is very effective in heart disease which is helpful in coronary artery blockage, disturbed cholesterol level, rich in antioxidants, provides nutrition to heart and strengthens the heart muscles

Dosage- One cup daily

3. TOTAL HEART SUPPORT

Total heart support capsules are poly herbal capsule formulated by planet ayurveda using ingredients like- Arjuna (Terminalia arjuna), Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), Shankhpushpi (Convolvulus pluricaulis), Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri). These capsules are effective in congestive heart failure and give strength to failing heart muscles. Ashwagandha helps to calm down the nerves and strengthen them by providing nutrition.

Dosage– 1-2 capsules twice daily with plain water after meals.

4. Gotu Kola Capsules

Gotu kola capsules are single herbal capsules formulated by planet ayurveda using standardized extract of Gotu Kola (Centella asiatica). It improves the heart condition such as atherosclerosis, myocardial ischemia which improves blood circulation. It helps to improve tridosha in a balanced state, managing cardiac debility, odema.

Dosage- 1-2 capsules twice daily with plain water after meals.    

CONCLUSION

Mitral valve prolapse is a type of heart valve disease that affects the valve between the left heart chambers. It is commonly known as Barlow syndrome, Click murmur syndrome, Floppy disease, Billowing mitral valve syndrome. Myxomatous is usually benign but complications include endocarditis, chordal rupture. Hrid roga means cardiac disorder, due to change in diet and style the incidence of heart disorder is increasing day by day

Ayurveda is serving society by cure and prevention (swasthya rakshanam) to prevent heart disease. As we discussed above in the topic,  planet Ayurveda prepared HEART CARE PACK which is effective in all types of  heart diseases which provides a good and healthy heart to one being without causing any side effects.

Treatment of Arteriosclerosis in Ayurveda with Herbal Remedies

Abstract

Blood vessels are the artery that helps in transporting oxygen-rich blood from the heart to the other parts of the body. These arteries are muscular tubes that are lined by smooth tissue and consist of three layers. This includes endothelium which is the innermost layer, then is the media that controls the high pressures of the heart and the last is the adventitia. The endothelium is helpful for protecting the walls of vessels and preventing them from clotting. This layer can be damaged due to many different causes and leading to Arteriosclerosis. In this article, we are going to discuss this health issue more in detail along with its treatment through herbal medicine.

What is Arteriosclerosis

It is also known as cardiovascular arteriosclerosis which is caused due to the thickening and stiffening of the arteries. This reduces the flow of blood to the other tissues and organs of the body. This disease gradually causes weakness as well as hardening of other organs especially seen in the heart. Arteries are helpful in circulating the blood throughout our body but there is a plaque formed especially due to high cholesterol, fat, or other cellular waste. This building up of the material around the walls of the artery results in arteriosclerosis. This can lead to strokes, heart disease, and circulation problems, or even aneurysms which can lead to a life-threatening condition.

There are Three Types of  Including

  1. Arteriolosclerosis
  2. Moenckeberg medial calcific sclerosis
  3. Atherosclerosis

1. Arteriolosclerosis

Small arteries present in the body become calcified.

2. Moenckeberg medial calcific sclerosis

This is when the small to medium-sized arteries are hardened.

3. Atherosclerosis

It occurs when the large arteries become narrowed and hardened.

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Arteriosclerosis?

When the patient suffers from mild atherosclerosis does not suffer from any symptoms. Some do not even show any signs until it is narrowed to the levels that it is clogged and has stopped supplying blood to the tissues or organs. Sometimes the blood clot blocks the flow of blood and even breaks apart resulting in heart stroke or attack. If the patient has moderate arteriosclerosis then these are the common symptoms

Signs and Symptoms of Arteriosclerosis

  • Heart:- Pain in the chest or mild pressure (Angina).
  • Arms or legs:- It is common to see peripheral artery disease which causes pain during walking and even decreased pressure on the limbs.
  • Brain:- There is sudden weakness and numbness of the legs and arms.  Along with that, there is also difficulty in speaking as well as slurred speech.
  • Kidney:- The patient might suffer from kidney failure and high blood pressure.

Complications

Here are some of the complications depending on the blocked artery:-

1. Carotid Artery Disease

When there is a narrowing of arteries close to the brain then the patient might suffer from carotid artery disease which causes the transient ischemic attack.

2. Coronary Artery Disease

When it is close to the heart then the patient suffers from coronary artery disease which sometimes results in heart failure or heart attack.

3. Aneurysms

It can cause a serious problem which is one of the serious problems as it is the bulging of the wall present in the artery. This may also burst out resulting in internal bleeding.

4. Chronic Kidney Disease

The narrowing of arteries present in the kidney will prevent the oxygenated blood from reaching them.

What Causes Arteriosclerosis?

It is a slow as well as a progressive disease that might begin from childhood and the exact cause of the disease is not known. There are some of the causes that might injure or damage the artery.

This Includes Causes like

  • High cholesterol
  • High blood pressure
  • High levels of triglycerides which is a type of lipid present in the blood.
  • Resistance to insulin
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Smoking
  • Suffering from inflammatory diseases like lupus, psoriasis, inflammatory bowel disease, and lupus.

When the inner wall of the artery is damaged this causes the blood vessels and other substances to get collected. The tissues that are connected to it get blocked and do not receive enough blood so that it can function properly.

Eventually, these fatty deposits break and enter the bloodstream which might rupture the lining of blood pressure. This might also cause clotting of blood clotting which blocks the flow of blood to the heart resulting in a heart attack.

How can Arteriosclerosis be diagnosed?

The doctor might ask for a physical examination along with the family history of the patient and other test includes

  • Electrocardiogram
  • Blood test includes knowing the levels of CRP.
  • Echocardiogram
  • Doppler Ultrasound
  • Exercise stress test
  • Doppler Ultrasound
  • Cardiac angiogram
  • Coronary Calcium Scan
  • Ankle brachial index

Planet Ayurveda Provides Herbal Medicine for Arteriosclerosis

Planet Ayurveda provides effective herbal remedies that are effective in treating the disease. All these are very effective herbal remedies that help in relieving all the causative factors. Planet Ayurveda follows the principle of restoring all the vital energies. These herbs are natural and effective.  Herbal medicine provided by Planet Ayurveda has no side effects. They don’t have any chemicals or preservatives. Here is the list of herbal medicine for treating the disease including

  1. Amalaki Rasayan
  2. Green Essentials
  3. Arjuna Capsules
  4. Total Heart Support
  5. Boswellia Curcumin
  6. Ashwagandha Capsules
  7. Gotu Kola Capsules

Herbal Remedies for Arteriosclerosis

Herbal Remedies for Arteriosclerosis

Product Description

1. Amalaki Rasayan

It is made from one single herb known as Amalaki (Emblica officinalis) which is packed with Vitamin C which is essential for nerves. It has healing properties that help in reducing pressure from the arteries. It is very beneficial for people who suffer from diabetes or obesity and also naturally reduces the levels of cholesterol from the blood making it best for Arteriosclerosis.

Dosage:- One capsule twice daily after meals with plain water.

2. Green Essentials

It is very effective in removing toxins from the blood as it contains herbs like Grapeseed (Vitis vinifera), Chlorella (Chlorella vulgaris), Spirulina (Spirulina platensis), etc. Green essentials are very helpful in nourishing the cells and fighting the illness. Due to its antioxidant property, it is very beneficial in clearing the free radicals.

Dosage:- One capsule after meals with plain water twice daily.

3. Arjuna Capsules

These capsules are filled with one excellent herb called Arjuna (Terminalia arjuna) which is the best tonic for the nervous system. It is one of the natural herbs for decreasing LDL and balancing the VLDL cholesterol levels. It will effectively reduce the blockage in the artery

Dosage:- One capsule twice daily after meals with water.

4. Total Heart Support

As the name says it is very effective in maintaining the overall health of the heart because it contains herbs like Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), Shankhpushpi (Convolvulus pluricaulis), etc. It helps in giving strength to the cardiac muscles and cleanses the artery making it effective in blockage of the artery.

Dosage:- One capsule with water after meals twice daily.

5. Boswellia Curcumin

It is made from two herbs called Shallaki (Boswellia serrata) and Curcumin (Curcuma longa)  which effectively promotes circulation. It is one of the beneficial herbs which is effective in reducing the pain and swelling around the nerves. It is especially helpful in people who suffer from stiffness or other inflammatory disorders which is one of the causes of Arteriosclerosis.

Dosage:- One capsule twice daily with water after meals.

6. Ashwagandha Capsules

It is packed with one herb called Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) which is effective in providing nutrition to the tissues, nerves, and bones as well. It helps in balancing the Vata of the body and enhancing mental as well as physical stamina.

Dosage:- One capsule twice daily with water after meals.

7. Gotu Kola Capsules

It is made from an herb called Gotu Kola (Centella asiatica) which is filled with nutrients like Vitamin A, B, E, K along with magnesium. It is very helpful in improving circulation and is especially very effective in any kind of nervous disorder. It is also very effective in treating various blood vessel disorders.

Dosage:- One capsule after meals twice daily with water.

Conclusion

The above article described everything about Arteriosclerosis and its effect on different parts of the body. It is one of the conditions that can lead to serious health issues and can lead to death as well.  So the mentioned herbal medicine will help in treating the disease naturally and removing the root cause of the disease as well.