Azotemia Treatment with Ayurveda – Types, Symptoms, Causes & Diagnosis

Do You Know About Azotemia?

With growth of population the type and number of diseases are also increasing. One of them is Azotemia that is related to kidneys. It is a condition when kidneys are damaged and not working properly. The kidneys are important organ of our body that filters waste products out of blood. When kidneys got damage they are not able to remove waste products from blood. This disease is related to dysfunctional filtering of blood by kidneys when they are not able to remove nitrogen waste.

What are Types of Azotemia?

There are three types of azotemia mentioned below :-

1. Prerenal Azotemia

It occurs when fluid is not flowing enough through kidneys. When blood pressure to kidney is low, it causes high level of serum creatinine and urea. Prerenal type of azotemia is a most common and can be reversed.

2. Primary Renal Azotemia

It is an intrinsic disease that causes parenchymal kidney damage and leads to uremia. This type of azotemia causes kidney failure, acute tubular necrosis, glomerulonephritis or any kind of kidney disease.

3. Postrenal Azotemia

This condition causes blockage of urine flow in kidneys. The Postrenal azotemia is caused by congenital abnormalities like blockage of ureters by kidney stones, vesicoureteral reflux, uterus cancer andprostatic hyperplasia.

Sometimes, there is increased urine flow that can lead to hydronephrosis.

What are the Causes as per Three Types of Azotemia?

1. Prerenal Azotemia

The causes for reduced flow to kidneys are mentioned below :-

  • Hemorrhage
  • Dehydration
  • Burns
  • Diarrhea
  • Heat exposure
  • Long-term vomiting
  • Heart failure
  • Shock
  • Blockage of artery that supplies kidney with blood.

2. Primary Renal Azotemia

The different causes of primary renal azotemia are :-

  • Infection: Kidney infection causes damage to tubules with kidney that filter blood.
  • Vascular Disease: It causes blockage and damage to tissues present in blood vessels.
  • Medication: This type of azotemia may be caused due to nephrotoxins like cocaine, cyclosporine, antibiotics and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

3. Postrenal Azotemia

The common causes of blockage in tubes is due to:

  • Urinary catheter
  • Enlarged prostate
  • Urinary crystals
  • Tumor

Signs And Symptoms of Azotemia

Azotemia-Treatment with-Ayurveda

  • Fatigue
  • Decreased alertness
  • Confusion
  • Pale skin
  • Decreased or absent urine output
  • Thirst
  • Edema
  • Swelling
  • Rapid pulse
  • Dry mouth
  • Uremic frost
  • Nausea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Acute kidney injury
  • Loss of energy

What are Risk Factors for Azotemia?

There are several risk factors responsible for azotemia that includes :-

  • Heart failure
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Renal insufficiency
  • Advanced age
  • Prolonged use of nephrotoxic drug

How is Azotemia Diagnosed?

For diagnosis of azotemia blood tests and urinalysis are done to monitor the functioning of kidneys. These tests include blood urea nitrogen (BUN) test, 24 hour urine collection test or creatinine test.

How is Azotemia Treated?

Ayurvedic treatment is a best way to cure Azotemia. As per Ayurveda, all three energies (vata, pitta and kapha) are imbalanced in azotemia. Planet Ayurveda offers various herbal remedies for Azotemia that provides effective results on symptoms associated with this disease.

Products description

1. Chandanadi Vati

This vati is used to balance pitta and kapha dosha in the body. Chandanadi vati is an effective remedy for curing dysuria, urinary infections, diabetes, in burning micturition, nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and its associated symptoms. It maintains metabolism, blood circulation and healthy digestion. The ingredients used for preparation of this vati are Safed Chandan(Santalum album), Amalaki (Emblica officinalis), Kapur (Cinnamomum camphora), Gokshura (Tribulus terrestris) Choti Elaichi(Elettaria cardamomum) and Pasahnbhed(Bergenia ligulata) etc.

1. Amalaki (Emblica Officinalis)

It is commonly known as Amla or Indian gooseberry. This herb is richest source of Vitamin C. The herb has various health benefits due to its anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antioxidant and immune-modulatory properties.

2. Kapur (Cinnamomum Camphora)

The herb acts as coolant in nature and balance kapha dosha in the body. It is a very useful in relieving burning sensation and symptoms associated with azotemia.

3. Safed Chandan (Santalum Album)

This herb is commonly known sandalwood. It acts as coolant, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant andanalgesic. The herb treats burning sensation, itching, bladder inflammation, swelling, urethritis and other symptoms associated with azotemia. Safed chandan balance pitta dosha in body and show various therapeutic values.The main benefits of this vati are in haematuria, cystitis, kidney stones and dysuria.

Recommended Dosage:Two tablets twice daily with plain water after meals.

2. Chanderprabha Vati

Chanderprabha Vati is an Ayurvedic formulation used from ancient time for its therapeutic values. It helps to balance all three energies (vata, pitta and kapha) doshas in body. The formulation is used to treat urinary tract infections and other problems related to kidney diseases. Ingredients used for preparation of these tablets are Shilajit (Asphaltum), Guggul (Commiphora mukul), Vacha (Acorus calamus), Mustak (Cyprus rotundus), Haridra (Curcuma longa) and Amalaki (Emblica officinalis) etc.

This vati shows calming effect on whole body.It is very beneficial for weakness, excessive urination, Burning urination, renal calculi and retention of urine.

Recommended Dosage:Two to three tablets twice daily with plain water after meals.

3. Nephralka Capsules

Nephralka Capsules give effective results in the kidney problems. The herbs used for preparation of these capsule are Bhumi-amla (Phyllanthus niruri), Mooli satva (Raphanus sativus), Revandchini (Rheum emodi), Kalmegh (Andrographis paniculata) and Punarnava (Boerrhavia diffusa).

1. Bhumi amla (Phyllanthus Niruri)

This herb pacifies pitta and kapha dosha in the body. It helps to manage all the problems related to kidneys.

2. Punarnava (Boerrhavia Diffusa)

The herb acts as diuretic and manages painful micturition. It is a natural cleanser that remove toxins from body and manage symptoms associated with azotemia.

3. Kalmegh (Andrographis Paniculata)

This is a most common herb that increases blood cells count, boost-up immunity, manages digestive system and balances excess fluid absorption.

4. Revandchini (Rheum Emodi)

The herb consists considerable amount of minerals, vitamins, fiber, carbohydrates and fats etc. It is beneficial in removing toxins, waste products from kidneys and deals with associated symptoms of Azotemia.

5. Mooli satva (Raphanus Sativus)

This herb is full of vitamins, minerals and other nutrients that rejuvenate immune system.

Recommended Dosage:One to two capsules twice daily with plain water after meals.

4. Punarnava Capsules

Pure extract of herb Punarnava “Boerhavia diffusa” is used for preparation of Punarnava Capsules. The capsule acts as an excellent kidney tonic. Herb used possesses anti-inflammatory, analgesic, diuretic, antioxidant and carminative properties. It helps to balance kapha dosha in body. These capsules are helpful in kidney stones, swelling, fatigue, edema, acute kidney injury and decreased urine output conditions. The capsules show effective results in symptoms and problems associated with azotemia.

Recommended Dosage:One to two capsules twice daily with plain water after meals.