Category: Pulmonary Thromboembolism Hypoxemia

Alternative Medicines for Non-specific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP)


The lung diseases are common nowadays, due to continuously increasing air pollution, chronic smoking habits and bad eating routine and diet plans , making our body, particularly lungs, prone to many conditions. Moreover various packed food items and cold stored items that we consume, unseasonal food articles containing preservatives and other harmful chemicals are making overall health weak and prone for many diseases.

In Ayurveda, it is considered that the overexposure or overconsumption of these factors are leading to weakening of digestive fire, and reduced digestive fire is not able to process the food well that will create a condition of ama (endotoxins) formation, this ama is the root reason for the vitiation of tridosha and the basic cause for affecting the normal metabolism at cellular level, which leads to various auto-immune disease and connective tissue diseases. One of such diseases with an unknown etiology affecting lungs is non-specific interstitial pneumonia. In this article we are going to discuss this rare interstitial lung disease in detail & along with its best Ayurvedic treatment.

non-specific interstitial pneumonia


Nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP) is the second most common type of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia following idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. NSIP is a chronic interstitial lung disease which is having a homogeneous appearance of inflammation & interstitial fibrosis. Due to the lack of the characteristic histopathological features seen in other subtypes of idiopathic interstitial pneumonias, it is called a non-specific type. This condition usually affects the lungs bilaterally and may be presented with consioliditions or predispositions for the lower lobes of lungs.

In Ayurveda, this condition can be correlated with heen pita- madhya vata kapholavan sannipat jwar. The main part that this disease affects is phuphus (lungs). It is also termed as Shwashnak jawar by Acharya Madhav. According to Acharya Madhva

Symptoms of Non-specific interstitial pneumonia

Madhava Nidana Parishisht)

The patient who regularly spits out reddish blood mixed sputum, having severe difficulty in breathing along with fever, and whose part of lungs become consolidated, that condition is known as Shawshank jwar.


Nonspecific interstitial pneumonia is mostly an idiopathic disease which means a disease of unknown etiology. But sometimes this disorder can be seen in association with connective tissue disease, toxins, HIV infection or various other causes. Some of the secondary causes of NSIP are as:

  1. Connective tissue disease (CTD): NSIP is a common pattern due to underlying connective tissue disease which includes Few connective tissue diseases such as  systemic sclerosis, Sjogren syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, are the underlying cause responsible for forming NSIP patterns.
  2. HIV infection: This mode is relatively reduced after the widespread antiretroviral therapy.
  3. Auto-immune conditions such as Scleroderma, rheumatoid arthritis and many other similar conditions are considered to be the one of the possible causes of the disease, as most of the times, these cases are shown in association with each other.
  4. Drug-induced: Nonspecific Interstitial Pneumonia patterns have been associated with drugs such as methotrexate, amiodarone, statin therapy and chemotherapeutic agents.
  5. Hypersensitivity pneumonitis: Appearance of NSIP can be seen in some patients when the lung biopsy is devoid of granulomas, and multinucleated giant cells visualised through histopathology.
  6. Other causes such as a systemic disease IgG4-related, familial history of  interstitial pneumonia, and graft rejection after a surgical transplant.

In Ayurveda, Acharya Madhav had given the nidana for the Shwasnak jwar. That can be considered as the risk factors for NSIP. These include

Causes of Non-specific interstitial pneumonia

Madhava Nidana Parishisht)

The person who has proper exposure to cold climate due to lack of adequate wear, devoid of proper nourishing food, weak person, tired person, digestion issues, chronic alcoholic person, having inflammation in liver or kidney (i.e. person with kidney & liver disorders) or prolonged contact with the affected persons is in high risk zone of developing this disease. Furthermore, this disease can occur in any season, but the winters, spring and rainy season are the more prone seasons.

Sign & Symptoms

The clinical features of NSIP include manifestations due to gradual and chronic respiratory failure. These include:

  1. Cough
  2. Shortness of breath
  3. Dyspnea on exertion

These triad of symptoms are persistent and may be presented from months to years. Also the cough is mostly dry or non productive.

  1. Fatigue
  2. Weight loss
  3. Fever, headache, joints pain
  4. Wheezing, chest pain
  5. Bluish discoloration of fingers, skin and lips due to decreased concentration of oxygen.
  6. Chronic mucus production

On examination an abnormal chest auscultation usually shows end inspiratory fine crackles in the base of both lungs.

NSIP pattern’s characteristic feature include

  1. Uniform and diffuse inflammation on the low part of the alveolar wall,pleura and bronchovascular bundles.
  2. Absence of normal alveolar walls in affected lobules.
  3. Plasmacytic or lymphocytic infiltration
  4. Cellular or fibrotic changes along with loose fibrosis can be seen.

Ayurvedic View

Acharya Madhav had given particular symptoms for the Shawshank jawar which are as

sign & symptoms of nsip

Madhava Nidana Parishisht)

  1. Fever with chills
  2. Excessive thirst
  3. Anorexia
  4. Dyspnea
  5. Pain in ribs
  6. Chronic cough (mostly dry)
  7. Haemoptysis (blood mixed sputum)
  8. Increased rate of respiration
  9. Redness over cheeks
  10. Weakness
  11. Wheezing
  12. Sweating on forehead, small boils over body
  13. Coated tongue
  14. Increased pulse rate
  15. Depression

Also, Acharya had mentioned some updravas (complications) due to this condition that includes

Ayurvedic View of NSIP

Madhava Nidana Parishisht)

  1. Nidranash (loss of sleep)
  2. Parlaap (delirium)
  3. Kamp (tremors)
  4. Tivrtaap (hyperpyrexia)
  5. Sangyanash (loss of consciousness or sensations)
  6. Hridy karyavrodh (heart attack)


  • It is often difficult to make a diagnosis for non-specific interstitial pneumonia, since it includes several other diseases.
  • Therefore, it is recommended to have two phases for the prepper diagnosis.

The first phase include multidisciplinary diagnosis for its causes (i.e. idiopathic, connective tissue, etc.) based on:

  1. Clinical features, including laboratory tests
  2. Restrictive pattern in pulmonary function tests:
  3. Decreased forced vital capacity (FVC)
  4. Decreased diffusing capacity of the lungs.
  5. High resolution computed tomography (HRCT)
  6. Surgical lung biopsy

And then for confirmation the histological diagnosis of NSIP pattern is required.


The basic treatment modality in modern medicine for nonspecific interstitial pneumonia is the use of oral corticosteroids such as prednisone, but if the corticosteroid therapy does not show effective results, they usually add immune suppressing drugs in addition to steroids. Both of these, in the long run, cause multi-system damage to the body and are full of side effects.

Ayurvedic management for Shwasnak jwara (Non-specific interstitial pneumonia) is decided on the basis of age and severity of the disease with herbal medicines, diet and lifestyle modifications.

Few lifestyle modifications indicated for the patient of NSIP are

  1. Patients must avoid all the nidan mentioned.
  2. Complete rest is advised to the patient, that too in a clean and fresh aired environment.
  3. The affected person is advised not to sleep over the more painful portion of the body and try to avoid any type of pressure on that part.
  4. Patients must wear warm clothes and the room of the person is kept warm in the cold climate.
  5. Diseased person must be isolated from childrens for further consequences.
  6. Warm massage must be done in the chest region, and patients must be fed with lite and easily digestible diets.
  7. In the early stages of the disease intermittent fasting (langhan) can be done to resolve ama condition.
  8. Pranayam (Breathing exercises) and yogasana:

The patient of interstitial pneumonia must do regular breathing exercises daily. Start with Khand pranayam slowly along with Kapalbhati pranayam. After mastering these two one could include other pranayam such as

  1. Bhastrika pranayam
  2. Nirvana pranayam
  3. Nadishodhan pranayam
  4. Bhramari pranayam

Further, some yogasana that promotes healthy lung functions includes Sukhasana

  1. Dandasana
  2. Savithri asana
  3. Ustrasana
  4. Ashwasanchala asana
  5. Virabhadrasana
  6. Hastauthan asana

Planet Ayurveda is a Manufacturing Company That Hosts The Manufacturing Of Various Products That Are Purely Herbal In Origin And Are 100% Obtained From Natural Sources. These Herbal Formulations That Are Being Manufactured Here Are In The Strict Adherence To Ancient Ayurvedic Texts. These Products Are Made Under the Guidance and Opinions of Our Expert & Experienced Team of Ayurvedic Physicians by Ancient Time Tested Formulas.

Planet Ayurveda’s experts’ also suggested herbal formulation for the non-specific interstitial pneumonia in a combination form for the better results in the disease.

These include

  1. Vasaka Capsules
  2. Aller-G Care
  3. Tulsi Capsules
  4. Kaas-Har Churna
  5. Boswellia-Curcumin
  6. Moringa Capsules

Herbal Formulation for Nsip

Alternative Medicines for Non-specific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP)

Product Description

1. Vasaka Capsules

Vasaka capsules are the best herbal supplement for the lungs made from the standardised extract of Adhatoda vasica formulated in capsule form. The leaves of this herb contain many beneficial phytochemicals such as various alkaloids,  phenolics and flavonoids in it. Vasicine (a quinazoline alkaloid) is the most potent and important. These phytochemicals play a key role in promoting the health of lungs along with decreasing the mucous formation in NSIP. This herb is known for its actions on respiratory ailment since ages, due to its tikta, kshay rasa (bitter, pungent taste), and katu vipak and sheet virya (cool potency), it is kapha pitta hara(reducing aggravated kapha and pitta dosha) in nature. As mentioned above this disease is kapholavan, which means due to excessive vitiation of kapha, kapha is the main dosha involved in the mucus formation. Thus, regular use of this medicine promotes the inhibition of mucus formation in the alveolus.

Dosage:  2 capsules twice daily, with plain water after meals.

2. Aller-G Care

Aller-G Care capsule is a poly herbal formulation that contains ingredients like shrish (Albizia Lebbeck), neem (Azadirachta indica) and ashwagandha (Withania somnifera). It has anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties which help in relieving pains and heaviness in the chest region due to the ongoing interstitial pneumonia condition.

Dosage– 2 capsules two times a day with plain water after meals.

3. Tulsi Capsules

Tulsi capsules are the standardised extract of Ocimum sanctum prepared in the house of planet ayurveda. This formulation prevents the lungs from further infections and also strengthens the respiratory tract.

Dosage– 2 capsules twice daily with plain water after meals.

4. Kaas-Har Churna

The effective combination of herbs for lung and respiratory diseases made by Planet Ayurveda’s expert on the classical reference of Sitopaladi churna. The ingredients include five amazing herbs having their unique actions i.e. mishri, vanshlochan, pippali, ela, and dalchini. In NSIP the ingredients such as mishri (shiny sweet little crystals) are for enhancing the taste and have medicinal properties that relieves irritation in cough along with an anti-inflammatory action. Vanshlochan (bamboo manna) is the second ingredient which has anti cough properties along with it aids in treating the affections of lungs.

Pippali (Piper longum) is an amazing herb having expectorant properties (promotes the secretion of sputum) and also it is considered as yogvahi (immunomodulating). The next ingredient is ela (Elettaria cardamomum) is a great expectorant and is very much beneficial in various respiratory symptoms such as dyspnea, cough etc. The last ingredient is dalchini (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) has multiple properties including analgesic, antiseptic, astringent, germicide and stimulant properties that help in treating various cough & breathing related symptoms in Nonspecific interstitial pneumonia.

Dosage– 1 teaspoonful three times daily with honey, after meals .

5. Boswellia-Curcumin

The most effective formulation made by our experts for various painful inflammatory cases. These capsules are made from two basic ingredients, shallaki (Boswellia serrata) and haridra (curcumin- Curcuma longa). In NSIP, the shallaki acts by its analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties, thus reducing pain and swelling in alveoli, pleura, and basement membranes whereas haridra promotes the faster healing of the condition. Also, the regular use of this combination prevents the further damage to lung parenchyma and other tissues in NSIP.

Dosage– 2 capsules twice daily, after meals with plain water.

6. Moringa Capsules

These capsules contain the extracts of Shigru (Moringa oleifera). This herb has vata-kapha shamak properties and is thus very much beneficial in NSIP. Also, moringa is a rich source of antioxidants, it prevents the body from numerous infective conditions by scavenging the free radicals. This drug is also mentioned in sednopag by acharyas which means that shigru facilitates sweating. Thus a wonderful drug for reducing fever in NSIP.
Dosage– 1 capsule twice daily after meals with water.

Contact my assistant to provide you the costing / ordering and delivery information at – or call at +91-172-5214040


Modern medicine focuses on symptomatic treatment for NSIP along with the use of corticosteroids and immunosuppressants which in turn makes the body susceptible for various infections as these drugs reduce the body’s ability to fight against antigen or pathogen. Whereas the treatment methods in Ayurveda include a holistic approach of herbal formulations along with healthy diet plans and lifestyle modifications. Thus, with Ayurveda there is better scope of treatment of these types of interstitial lung disease and that too by boosting the overall health of lungs and body’s immunity rather than suppressing it.

What is Honeycombing in the Lungs? (Pulmonary Fibrosis)-Causes and Treatment


The human respiratory system consists of a network of tissues or organs, lungs are the primary organs of the respiratory system. Lungs are the paired organ located on either side of the heart of human beings. The prime function of the lungs involves the gaseous exchange between the atmosphere and the bloodstream, basically, oxygen is extracted and transferred into the bloodstream and in turn releasing the carbon dioxide from the blood to the external environment. But due to increased air pollution and some other factors can lead to the degradation of the normal function of the lungs. One of such diseases is pulmonary fibrosis. In this article, we’ll discuss in brief the disease and its best Ayurvedic management.


Pulmonary fibrosis also known as honeycombing in lungs due to the radiological appearance of this disease and is defined as the condition which is characterised by presence of small cystic spaces with irregularly thickened walls composed of fibrous tissue in the lungs. Basically in pulmonary fibrosis, the tissue of lungs gets scarred, and lungs are unable to perform the normal functions efficiently. With increase in time, this condition gradually becomes worse and may ultimately lead to complete loss of function of lungs. Honeycomb cysts often predominate in the pleural/ sub pleural and peripheral regions of the lungs regardless of their cause.


The common clinical features of lung fibrosis include shortness of breath especially on exertion, chronic dry cough, weakness and fatigue, chest discomfort and pain in chest and back regions, loss of appetite is followed by rapid loss of weight On auscultation, sometimes the fine cracked during inspiration can be heard on the base of lungs.


The causes of pulmonary fibrosis include environmental pollution, some medications, infections such as SARS infections, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, interstitial lung disease etc., and connective tissue diseases. Endogenous stimuli- dust, fumes, cigarette smoke, autoimmune conditions.
Exogenous stimuli- drug interactions, radiations and other diseases.


Due to the overexposure of endogenous and exogenous stimuli, leading to microscopic lung injury, separated spatially and temporally and if these injuries remain intact lead to lung haemostasis, and when healed up it leads to gradual change in lung parenchyma with fibrotic tissue leading pulmonary fibrosis, which appear as honeycombs on radiological imaging. This progressive changes in the normal lung tissue with scarred one, resulting in the reduced oxygen diffusion capacity and increase in stiffness of chest and back region.

Pulmonary Fibrosis


  • The diagnosis of this condition may be based on symptoms, lung function tests, medical imaging and lung biopsy
  • Honeycomb lung is the classical radiological appearance with widespread fibrosis.
  • The terminal and respiratory bronchioles are dilated and thickened to produce cystic airspaces, giving this characteristic honeycomb appearance on chest x-ray.
  • High resolution CT may be required for proper visualisation of the abnormalities.


If proper management of this condition is not done it may lead to many several lifethreatining complications. These include pneumothorax, lung cancer, pulmonary hypertension and respiratory failure.


In Ayurveda, the best correlation of this disease can be made with Kshatksheen janya shwas rog, (respiratory disorder as a result of healed pulmonary abscess).

The person who is regularly on inappropriate diet and unwholesome diet, excessive dry and following the trauma to the lungs or due to any infective cause, the vitiated tridosha got entered in the chest region causing severe pain in the chest, back and also passes blood in sputum (hemoptysis), leading to abscess formation in the lungs and also causing depletion of shukra and oaj (the supreme body tissue that can be correlated with hormones responsible for growth and reproduction and immunity) and leading to the condition called kshatksheen. This kshat ksheen, itself when healed, makes the progressive changing of normal to fibrosed tissues in the lungs leading to pulmonary fibrosis condition.

The common symptoms of kshatksheen include

Uroruk- Pain in chest, Shonitchardi- haematemesis, Kaaso-cough, due to the pulmonary abscess (urahkasht), and also the generalised symptoms such as Sraktmutratvum– Haemeturia, parshavprishtkatigreh- stiffness in chest, back and lumbar region and weight loss.

The bleeding when the tissue becomes fibrosed decreases but it leads to the gradual increase in breathing difficulty, exertional dyspnea and other such symptoms.

TREATMENT of Pulmonary Fibrosis

Planet Ayurveda Is The Best Emerging Manufacturing Hub Which Is Gradually Becoming The Global Distributor Of Herbal Formulations That Are Being Made On Ancient Ayurvedic Principles. The Products That Are Manufactured Here Are Under The Strict Supervision Of Our Expert Team Of Ayurvedic Doctors And Are Made With Ancient Time Tested Formulas.

Best Herbal Remedies as suggested by our experts for pulmonary fibrosis

  1. Praanrakshak Churna
  2. Vasaka Capsule
  3. Tulsi Capsule
  4. Shwas kuthar ras

Herbal Supplements for Pulmonary Fibrosis

Herbal Supplements for Pulmonary Fibrosis


1. Praanrakshak Churna

This is a poly herbal prepration made by Planet Ayurveda’s team on the ancient Ayurvedic principles. The shwas roga have prodominaece of kapha and vata dosha. This churna is very much efficient in screeching out the collected kapha dosha along with the soothing effects on the vata dosha. The product is having expectorant and properties to enhance the lung functions. The ingredients of this formulation include Sirisha (Albizia lebbeck), mulheti (Glycyrrhiza glabra) and kantakari (Solanum xanthocarpum) etc.

Dosage– 1 teaspoon twice daily with equal amount of honey, after meals

2. Vasaka Capsules

These are the standardized extract of the vasa (Adhatoda vasica). Vasa is an amazing rejuvenating herb that helps in the prevention of infections of lungs and promoting the health of the lungs, it helps in getting rid of the excess congestion in the chest and also improves digestion. This herb enhances the blood purifying ability, and boosts up the immunity. These all factors make them both suitable and one of the best medicines for pulmonary fibrosis.

Dosage- 1 capsule two times daily with water after meals

3. Tulsi Capsules

Tulsi Capsules are made from the standardized extract of Ocimum sanctum. Tulsi is the best remedy to treat the respiratory difficulties used since ages. Moreover, tulsi is the abundant source of antioxidants such as eugenol that protects the lungs from free radicals. Due to its kapha shamak property, it aids in relieving the symptoms of pulmonary fibrosis.

Dosage- 1 capsule twice daily with water after meals

4. Shwas kuthar ras

The classical Ayurvedic formulation used for the shwas roga (respiratory ailments). This medicine is useful in chronic breathing difficulties and dyspnea on exertion along with the stiffness issues in the lungs. Shwas kuthar ras is the best herbomineral preparation for dissolving the fibrosed tissue (due to kapha) and helps in promoting the normal lung functions.

Dosage– 2 tablets twice daily after meals, for better results crush the tablets in half teaspoon of ginger juice, and consume it with 1 teaspoon of honey.


There is no treatment method available with the Allopathic medicine for this condition, they mostly focus on symptomatic treatment (pulmonary rehabilitation or oxygen therapy), whereas Ayurveda with an integrated approach of lifestyle and dietary modification along with the herbal formulations is the best way to manage the condition of  Pulmonary fibrosis.