Category: Mental Health

Treatment For Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (JC-Virus)

Abstract

PML is a brain disorder caused by JC virus. JC or John Cunningham virus is a common germ and half of all adults have been exposed to this virus. There is no way to keep yourself from getting it. This virus was first discovered in 1971. It affects the patient’s brain. This is a neurotropic virus that may bind to the cell surface of specific brain cell types. This is responsible for fatal demyelinating disease of the central nervous system which is known as PML. The John Cunningham virus has been detected in neurons, astrocytes and oligodendrocytes. In this article we are going to discuss PML and its Ayurvedic treatment.

Introduction

PML stands for Progressive-Multifocal-Leukoencephalopathy. This is a rare and fatal viral disease which is characterized by progressive damage or inflammation of the white matter or we can say that this is a disease of the white matter of the brain. This could be caused at multiple locations in the brain. This disease is mainly caused in those patients who are immune compromised and in those patients who have weak immunity. PML is an aggressive viral disease of the central nervous system. It attacks the cells that make myelin (fatty substance which coats and protects nerve fibers in the brain). This disease affects virtually any part of the body and also this is a life-threatening condition.

Etiology/Causes

This disease as discussed above is mainly caused by JC virus. This virus is normally present inside the body of the individual and kept under control by our immune system. If our immunity is strong then this virus will no longer cause any harm to the body. But if a person is immune compromised then this virus will show harmful effects  tinhe body. 

Other known causes are

Person who is suffering from AIDS

  • Immunosuppressive medications for longer period of time
  • Multiple sclerosis medications  
  • Autoimmune disorders

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Who will get this virus

There is no exact idea who is prone to this virus. But some known facts are

  • Children who are addicted to eat soil
  • Low immunity

Clinical features/Sign and Symptoms

Signs and symptoms can develop over several weeks to months and also depend on the location of damage in the brain. The person who is having PML will show the following symptoms

  • Clumsiness
  • Progressive weakness
  • Visual and speech changes
  • Personality changes
  • Facial drooping
  • Mental slowness
  • Loss of language skills
  • If this virus affects the parietal and occipital lobes of the brain then it can leads to a phenomenon which is known as Alien hand syndrome

Pathogenesis

As mentioned above, this disease affects the myelin sheath so it is known as a demyelinating disease. It damages the myelin sheath which covers the axons of the nerve cells, which further impaired the transmission of nerve impulses. It mainly affects the subcortical white matter, which is particularly present in the parietal and occipital lobe.

Diagnosis

This disease is diagnosed on the basis of progressive course of the symptoms of PML. Some diagnostic tests for this disease are

  • Lumbar puncture: This test is done for the diagnosis of this disease by taking samples of the spinal fluid and tested further for detecting JC virus antibodies.
  • Blood tests: Blood samples can reveal the presence of JC virus antibodies in the blood. 
  • Imaging tests: CT scan images show multifocal, non-contrast, hypo-dense lesions without mass effect. But MRI is more sensitive than CT scan. 
  • Brain biopsy: In this technique a piece of tissue is removed from the patient’s brain and examined under a microscope. 

Treatment

In allopathic medicine, there is no specific treatment for PML. No drug effectively treats the viral infection. The treatment aim is to reverse the immune deficiency to stop the disease progress. If a patient is using immunosuppressant drugs then stop the medications. This is the way to treat the PML by improving the immune system. One more thing we can do is via plasma exchange. This procedure will help in clearing the system by removing drugs that caused PML.

If a person is having PML due to HIV-AIDS, then we can use highly active antiretroviral therapy. This drug helps in reducing the viral reproduction.

Complications

This disease shows the following complications as this is a life threatening condition

  • Dementia
  • Seizures
  • Coma

Herbal treatment for Progressive multifocal Leukoencephalopathy

<span “>In Ayurveda there is a better treatment protocol for this disease. There are some herbal remedies for this disease. Planet Ayurveda provides the best herbal treatment for this disease. Basically this is a manufacturing company which manufactures several herbal products by using their standardized extracts. These products are made under the guidance of expert Ayurvedic physicians.

 Following herbal products are useful in PML disease

  1. Shilajit Capsules
  2. Boswellia Curcumin
  3. Musli Strength
  4. Giloy Capsules
  5. Memory Support
  6. Vrihat Vatchintamani Ras
  7. Neuro plan Syrup
  8. Energo plan Syrup

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Product Description

1. Shilajit Capsules

This is a single herbal formulation. These capsules are best for weakness due to any reason and these capsules are made from the standardized extracts of Shilajit (Asphaltum punjabianum). This is an effective anti-aging and a powerful rejuvenator. This is also the best antioxidant product. This herbal product provides good results in PMl disease. 
Dosage: 1 capsule twice a day with plain water after meals

2. Boswellia Curcumin

This is a poly herbal formulation. It is an effective combination of anti-inflammatory herbs. This combination is made by using the standardized extracts of Shallaki (Boswellia serrata) and Curcumin (Curcuma longa). This combination reduces inflammation and also helps in fighting against foreign bacterial and viral infections as it contains Curcumin (Turmeric) which has antiseptic properties. It also improves the overall joint health. 
Dosage: 1 capsule twice a day with plain water after meals

3. Musli Strength

These capsules are a poly herbal formulation. This product provides regenerative powers as it contains the standardized extracts of Safed Musli (Chlorophytum borivilianum) and Gokshura (Tribulus terrestris). These herbs are best for enhancing stamina. This product is useful in enhancing immunity as it is an Oja vardhak which is an immunity in Ayurveda.
Dosage: 1 capsule twice a day with plain water after meals

4. Giloy Capsules

This single herbal product is the best supplement for fever and immunity. This product is made by the standardized extracts of Giloy (Tinospora cordifolia). This is a wonderful antipyretic herb. It has anti-inflammatory properties also. This Ayurvedic herb helps in enhancing immunity of the individual. It also helps in the cases of infection. Giloy is an anti-arthritic, antipyretic and digestive.
Dosage: 1 capsule twice a day with plain water after meals

5. Memory Support

This poly herbal formulation of Planet Ayurveda is the best herbal supplement for central nervous system diseases. It helps to increase memory and overcome stress and anxiety. It is made by using the standardized extracts of Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri), Vacha (Acorus calamus), Shankhpushpi (Convolvulus pluricaulis) and licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra). This product gives new life to dying brain cells and improves the body’s defense mechanism.
Dosage: 1 capsule twice a day with plain water after meals

6. Vrihat Vatchintamani Ras

This is a classical Ayurvedic formulation in a tablet form. This formulation is used in various Vata disorders. This formulation is made using the following purified compounds such as Swarna bhasma (Gold calx), Rajat bhasma (Silver calx), Abhrak bhasma (Mica calx), Mukta bhasma (Pearl calx) etc. This classical product is used in the treatment of paralysis, epilepsy, neuralgia, neuropathy etc. It is a good anti-aging medicine. It helps in reducing the symptoms of PML
Dosage: 1 tablet twice a day with plain water after meals

7. Neuro plan Syrup

This is an Ayurvedic medicine in a syrup form. This syrup is helpful in maintaining the health of the neurons. It boosts the memory and strengthens the nerve cells. This syrup is made by using wonderful herbs such as Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri), Mandukaparni (Centella asiatica), Shankhpushpi (Convolvulus pluricaulis), Jyotishmati (Celastrus paniculatus), Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) etc. It balances the tridosha. This wonderful syrup helps in fighting against parkinsonism, dementia, cerebral atrophy etc. 
Dosage: 2 teaspoonful twice a day after meals

8. Energo plan Syrup

This formulation helps in boosting the energy of the body, as this disease causes weakness in the body. This herbal syrup has cooling, calming and soothing effects on the body. This herbal product is made from Jeevanti (Leptadenia reticulata), Amalaki (Emblica officinalis), Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus), Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), Gokshura (Tribulus terrestris) etc. This is a natural energy booster. It strengthens the body and stamina quickly. 
Dosage: 2 teaspoonful twice a day after meals

Contact Planet Ayurveda to provide you the costing / ordering and delivery information at – costing.planetayurveda@gmail.com or call at +91-172-5214030 Or Check Website – www.PlanetAyurveda.com

Conclusion

We concluded at last that Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy disease is a life-threatening disease and could take away life if not treated timely and properly. As we can see that there is no proper treatment in Allopathic science for this disease. So its better to adapt Ayurveda for better treatment and for better prognosis. Ayurvedic treatment is not only treating the symptoms but also helps in treating the disease from its root cause. So Planet Ayurveda products show good results in this disease.

Alternative Treatment of Agoraphobia (Anxiety Disorder)

Abstract

Agoraphobia is an anxiety disorder in which the person fears being in a situation where escape is quite difficult. People generally think that agoraphobia is a condition in which a patient is scared of open spaces but it is more complex than that. People suffering from this condition are scared of even very small things like visiting shopping centres, travelling in public transport or even leaving their house. Such people when find themselves in a stressful situation then they will experience panic attacks which include symptoms like rapid heart rate, flushed face, rapid breathing and many more. In this article we will be discussing the Agoraphobia causes, symptoms, its ayurvedic relation and management.

Introduction

Agoraphobia is believed to be a condition that arises due to genetic and environmental factors. Such a condition usually runs in the family, or certain emotional factors like death of someone near and dear can be the trigger factors. In the DSM-5 agoraphobia is kept under the category of phobia along with specific and social phobias. Agoraphobia can be related to other conditions like post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety disorder, major depressive disorder, and many more. If we talk about its relation in Ayurveda then it can easily be related to unmanda. It covers a wide range of insanity and manic disorders under it. Agoraphobia Is specifically related to bhayaja unmada. It is believed that sadhaka pitta is deemed to be predominantly responsible for mental functioning and emotions. It is seated in hridya and is responsible for mental functioning and emotions like fear (bhaya), valor (shaurya), anger (krodha), happiness (harsha), courage and buddhi (intelligence).

Agoraphobia

How does phobia manifest?

Rajas (action) and tamas (inertia) are two out of three guna of mana. These two guna causes the mind to deflect from its normal functioning and thus each and every emotion hits you hard. These two mana guna imbalances vata, pitta and kapha which result in mental disorders.

Causes of bhayaja unmanda

In ayurveda it is believed that the cause of unmada is antagonistic, defective or impure blood. It also includes causes like insult to gods, teachers and brahmins. Mental shock due to fear or any emotional trigger is also believed to be the reason for the occurrence of bhayaja unmada. (ch. Chi. 9/4)

Agoraphobia

Symptoms

The symptoms in this case are divided into two types, physical and cognitive symptoms.

Physical symptoms include rapid heart beating, rapid breathing, feeling a bit sick, chest pain, dysphagia that is difficulty in swallowing, diarrhea in some cases is also observed, trembling of hands and legs, feeling of being hot and sweat on forehead and face, dizziness, feeling faint and tinnitus. These are some of the signs of agoraphobia.

On the other hand cognitive symptoms include panic attack due to the fear of feeling stupid and embarresed in front of others, life threatening panic attacks, unable to escape froma space if you are feeling panic, loosing sanity and loosing control in public. Behavioural changes include avoiding going out, travelling in public transports, generally being housebound, avoiding to go far from home, irritation, usually staying alone and needing less people around etc.

Diagnosis

In Ayurveda the diagnosis of unmada or any other psychological condition is explained under manas roga vigyan. They acharyas have told specific lakshana when a person is suffering from manas roga. These lakshana involve fear(bhaya)- a person always seems like they are afraid of something, anxiety, sadness (mana shobha), self speaking, origin of many mana bhava at once like anger, fear, jealous, regret, lust, greed, pride etc. The correct diagnosis in this situation can only be made by observing and questioning the patient. The question must not be straight, try to choose situation based questions.

Treatment of Agoraphobia

Ayurveda explains mental health as the state of  well balanced and calm state of mind, being cheerful, pleasant sleep, steady mental faculties, pleasant and active state of sensory attributes, control over six dharnia vega that are kama, krodha, bhaya, lershya, shoka, lobha and moha. But if any of these is disturbed then it simply means mental health is disturbed. So for the treatment of mana vikara ayurveda explains three types of treatment that works on mana and body both.

These three types are

  1. Dev vyapashraya chikitsa
  2. Yukti vyapashraya chikitsa
  3. Satvavijya chikita

1. Dev vyapashraya chikitsa

Dev vyapashraya chikitsa works on controlling the mana and relaxes the mind.

2. Yukti vyapashraya chikitsa

It includes treatment, that is done by 3 ways:

  1. Antar bhimarjan chikitsa (treatment using internal medication)
  2. Bahir parimarjan chikitsa (treatment using external mind relaxing ways like shiro dhara etc.)
  3. Kshstra pranidhana

3.  Satvavajya chikitsa

This chikitsa works by developing a pravar type of stva in patients that prevents him/her from developing any mana vikar again.

Herbal Remedies for Agoraphobia

Alternative Medicines for Agoraphobia

For the treatment of agoraphobia Planet Ayurveda also offers some of it’s medication that can be used as antar bhimarjan chikitsa in this case. These medications are totally herbal and do not cause any side effects. The products offered by Planet Ayurveda are as follows:

  1. Arjun tea
  2. Brahmi capsules
  3. Ashwagandha capsules
  4. Stress support capsules

PRODUCTS DESCRIPTION

1. Arjun Tea

Arjun (Termenelia chebula) is a herb that helps in maintaining and regulating physiological functioning of the heart and strengthens it anatomically. It also helps in reducing symptoms of anxiety and palpitations in manas vikara. It acts as an antioxidant and reduces the accumulation of toxins in the body that are again responsible for manas roga.

Dose: Once a day preferably in morning

2. Brahmi Capsules

Bacopa monnieri (brahmi) also helps in reducing stress and anxiety. It helps the brain to fight with the fears and lowers the blood pressure that results in palpitations. It also has antioxidant properties.

Dose: One capsule twice a day after meals.

3. Ashwagandha Capsules

The botanical name for ashwagandha is Withania somnifera. This herb has many properties and can be used for the management of many conditions. Ashwagandha capsules help in fighting stress, depressive thoughts, fills you with energy and boosts mental function.

Dose: one capsule twice a day after meals.

4. Stress support capsules

It is a powerful combination that improves memory and mental concentration. It also behaves as a stress buster and reduces drowsiness. It has three herbs: Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), tagar (Valeriana jatamansi) and brahmi (Bacopa monnieri). These herbs work in a very wonderful way and give very nice results.

Dose: one capsule twice a day after meals.

Conclusion

“Chittam cheetah hrdayam svantam hrnmanasam manah iti”

(Amarkosh 1/43)

This stanza explains that mana is the entity through which the knowledge is obtained. This is closely related to atma and the seat of mana is hridya (heart).

In above article it is mentioned that how many vikar affects any individual and how such vikar can be managed. The products offered by Planet Ayurveda for conditions like Agoraphobia are totally herbal and are manufactured using standardized extract of different herbs. In case of any query kindly visit planetayurveda.com