The article discusses in detail the prevalence, pathophysiology, and clinical manifestations of dandruff including the etiopathology. The article also discusses in detail the various Treatment for Dandruff. The status of dandruff being amphibious – a disease/disorder, and relatively less medical intervention is sought after for the treatment, dandruff is the most commercially exploited skin and scalp disorder/disease by personal care industries. The scalp can become infected if fungus or bacteria enter the scalp through the hair follicles or damaged skin. Skin damage can result from common skin conditions, such as psoriasis and eczema.
What is Severe Dandruff and Scalp Infection?
“Dandruff is a complex problem as per Ayurveda, and every case of dandruff may have a different cause. Regardless of its complexity, it is grouped under Kshudra rogas – diseases that can be easily cured,”
Most scalp conditions lead to hair loss or some type of skin rash. Many are hereditary. Malnutrition or infection can also cause scalp conditions. The treatment and your outlook depend on the condition that’s causing the scalp problems.
How does Severe Dandruff and Scalp Infection occur?
Although the root cause of dandruff will always be the same, other factors can exacerbate the condition making it seem worse. Factors which can worsen dandruff include:
1. Irritated and oily skin
This can be caused by conditions such as seborrheic dermatitis. Seborrheic dermatitis is marked by red and greasy skin that is covered in flaky white or yellow scales.
The condition can affect your scalp and other areas of the body which are rich in oil glands, such as the creases around your nostrils, the backs of your ears, the groin, and armpits.
2. Dry skin
If you suffer from dry skin or have a medical condition such as eczema, it is likely that your scalp will also become dry, flaky, and probably also very itchy. Flakes due to dry skin usually appear smaller and less oily.
Dry skin can be exacerbated in colder climates and during winter due to dry weather conditions.
3. Not shampooing enough
If you don’t wash your hair on a regular basis then oils and skin cells can build up on the scalp leading to dandruff. Male hormones also known as androgens can also cause greasy or oily skin which can lead to dandruff.
However, shampooing too often can dry out the scalp and cause dandruff, it is recommended that you shampoo every other day to maintain a healthy balance.
4. Brushing your hair irregularly
Brushing hair after long intervals can also increase your chances of having dandruff, as a build-up of dead skin occurs on the scalp.
5. Heat and dry air
Conversely, heat can dry the scalp and make dandruff appear worse.
6. Air pollution
Can also contribute to dandruff as chemicals that are circulating in the air can affect the skin and cause irritation or allergic reactions on the skin and scalp which can cause dandruff.
7. Alkaline Shampoos
Individuals who suffer from dandruff should opt for a neutral or slightly acidic pH shampoo. If you use a product that is unsuitable for you, your scalp may react causing an itchy and flaky scalp.
Hair products that contain certain oils can also worsen dandruff as yeast can feed off these lipids and grow in their presence. Styling products can also build-up on the scalp and cause greasiness.
8. An unbalanced diet
However eating foods that are rich in zinc, vitamin B and fats can help you prevent dandruff from developing.
Can worsen any skin condition and impair your immune system. Although the microbe Malassezia is already present on everyone’s scalp, it can thrive once the immune system becomes compromised or impaired leading to the development of dandruff.
Stress can cause an itch-scratch cycle where the more you scratch the itchier your scalp becomes.
Therefore it is important to incorporate some relaxation methods into your daily routine to reduce stress levels and improve scalp health.
What Ayurveda says about these problems
According to Ayurveda, darunak or dandruff is categorized as a Shudra Roga, one which is caused by an imbalance of all three doshas (Ayurvedic biohumors). The primary doshas that cause this problem are Kapha and Vata. While Kapha represents softness and stickiness, Vata can be dry and rough. In an aggravated state, Vata-Kapha causes impurities to accumulate in the deep tissues of the scalp leading to this issue which is dry and sticky in nature. Contamination of the deep tissues and heightened Vata-Kapha causes the scalp to shed a higher amount of dead epidermal cells than is normal, which is dandruff.
Complications of Scalp infection and severe dandruff
Dandruff usually does not cause any significant complications and is not life-threatening. Extreme cases can result in:
Extreme cases may lead to itching, scratchiness in the scalp. This may cause further scalp infection and subsequent hair loss.
Dandruff is considered a mild form of Seborrheic dermatitis. Extreme cases of Dandruff may lead to this condition which is characterized by extremely red, flaky, greasy, skin patches. It extends beyond the scalp.
Depression and Social Withdrawal
Some individuals get so affected by the social embarrassment caused by Dandruff that they socially isolate themselves and can even fall into Depression.
Natural Dandruff Treatment
1.Fenugreek (Trigonella Foenum-Graecum)
Methi or fenugreek seeds are one of the top natural remedies for dandruff. There are multiple ways of using fenugreek for an itch- and scale-free scalp.
How to Use
Use these seeds by soaking them overnight so the next morning they can be easily made into a paste. You can also use fenugreek seed powder to make a paste. The fenugreek seed paste can then be mixed with other antifungal herbs and oils like henna, yogurt, lime juice, etc. Another way to use the seeds is to heat them with some coconut oil. Strain and use this oil to massage onto your scalp once it cools.
2. Lemon (Citrus Limon)
Lemon makes a great homemade dandruff treatment due to its high antioxidant, antibacterial and antifungal properties. Lemon contains citric acid, vitamin C, flavonoids, and trace amounts of zinc, which makes lemon juice a great addition to hair masks to zap dandruff.
How to Use
Mix equal quantities of fresh ginger juice, fresh lemon juice, and olive oil. Gently massage into the scalp. Wash off after an hour. Another great hair mask can be made by combining equal parts of Multani mitti, sandalwood powder, and lemon peel powder. Make it into a paste and apply it on the scalp. Leave on for an hour and wash off for deeply nourished and clean hair.
3. Green Gram (Vigna Radiata)
How to Use
The mung bean or green gram for dandruff can be used to wash the hair as an herbal alternative to dandruff shampoo. To treat dandruff with green gram, apply on your hair paste made of green gram powder. Apply and let it rest on your scalp for 15 minutes and wash off with lukewarm water. If your hair is very oily, add curd to the green gram and then wash off with a mild shampoo.
4. Snake Gourd (Trichosanthes cucumerina)
How to Use
To use snake gourd as a natural dandruff remedy, simply massage the juice to your scalp. After half an hour, wash it off using a mild shampoo. This will help hydrate and detoxify the scalp to prevent dandruff from reoccurring.
5. Neem (Azadiracta Indica)
How to Use
Neem oil can be used as a hair oil to eliminate dandruff, on its own, or along with tea tree and rosemary essential oils. Neem paste or neem powder added to hair masks can be potent dandruff destroyers. The best and the easiest way to use neem for dandruff is by chewing a few fresh leaves every morning on an empty stomach. As the taste is extremely bitter and astringent, you can also take neem tablets/capsules. Make a neem rinse by boiling the leaves in water and using it as a final wash post shampooing.
Herbal Treatment for Scalp infection & severe dandruff
Planet Ayurveda is serving the society for years to help them get rid of their various health disorders. Likewise, it has the best herbal treatment available to combat the situation of severe dandruff and scalp infection without any adverse effects.
The Treatment Includes the Following Herbal Supplements
How to Use
Neem has wonderful disinfectant and cleaning action on the body systems. It works very well on infections, allergies, and inflammations. People in India use Neem herb on a daily basis owing to its rich medicinal effects on the health. Neem works wonder in medical conditions like bee stings, conjunctivitis, hemorrhoids, and ulcers, and even in cases of bronchitis and epilepsy.
2. Radiant Skin Hair Nail Formula
Everyone aims towards looking at their best and wants to be fit at the same time. Everybody dreams of having beautiful hair, strong nails, and flawless skin. Did you know that this dream could easily become a reality?
A healthy body needs a wide range of nutrients. These nutrients are essential in order to maintain glowing skin, silky smooth hair, and perfect nails. Good nutrition must be included in the diet for maintaining the proper skin texture as well as moisture.
Many nutrients are not given to the body in food. That is why Planet Ayurveda has made these special capsules so that they can work from the inside. This special formula helps to build collagen and keratin. Which might decrease as a person grows in age.
3. Gandhak Rasayan
The commonly heard element sulfur acts as a wonderful remedy when used in its best form.
It is best known for its moisture-absorbing properties and it, therefore, a great hydrant. It helps to generate fresher and younger-looking skin.
It can also be used as an excellent topical exfoliate. It removes the dead surface of the skin and reveals the healthy and glowing looking skin from underneath.
These qualities make it an excellent rejuvenating herb. It is an excellent remedy to flush out toxins from the body. It is used to prepare Gandhak Rasayan.
This classic Ayurvedic preparation combines the detoxifying and rejuvenating actions of triphala with the deeply penetrating and cleansing actions of guggulu. Triphala Guggulu effectively decongests the channels of the body and scrapes away toxins held within the tissues. It is particularly useful for weight management as it enkindles the digestive fire, promotes a healthy metabolism, and releases excess kapha from the system. Used to maintain overall health, Triphala Guggulu minimizes the accumulation of toxins in the GI tract, blood, and joints by supporting proper digestion and elimination.*
5. Go Richh Hair-Oil
- Supports healthy hair follicles
- Maintains healthy hair and scalp
- Purely natural formula
- 100% natural product
- Absolutely free from chemicals, additives, extra colors, fillers and yeast etc.
The following steps can help prevent dandruff
- Try not to scratch your scalp when using shampoo. Gently massage your scalp without scratching as this will not damage your scalp or your hair.
- Brush your hair daily and wash it at least three times a week. After washing your hair, rinse it thoroughly to get all the shampoo out. Using a shampoo that contains tea tree oil daily may help reduce dandruff. It contains antifungal and antiseptic properties. Avoid using chemicals on your scalp, such as those used in hair coloring products. The chemicals reduce the number of bacteria on the scalp that are needed to fight against yeasts.
- Using hair products, such as hair gels and hair sprays, can build up oils and can irritate the scalp in some people. You may want to stop using a product for a while to see if your dandruff improves, or change products completely.
- Spending time outdoors can help reduce dandruff. However, ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun can damage your skin, as well as increasing your risk of developing skin cancer. Make sure you protect yourself from the sun by using a sunscreen with the appropriate skin protection factor (SPF) for your skin type.
- Managing stress can reduce your risk of getting dandruff. Stress can have an adverse effect on your overall health and can increase your risk of becoming ill. Stress can also trigger dandruff or make existing dandruff worse. If you feel stressed or under pressure, your GP can recommend a variety of different ways to help treat your stress.
Hence, we have tried our best to explain all the necessary details about the scalp infection and severe dandruff, including the symptoms, causes, meaning as well as the natural treatment for the same. So, you can now choose the best alternative treatment for dandruff to combat your health disorder.