Tag: Causes of Ocular Surface Disease

Ocular Surface Diseases Causes, Symptoms, And Ayurvedic Treatment


Our eyes are an extraordinary gift, allowing us to perceive the world around us and experience its breathtaking beauty. However, they are also vulnerable to a variety of diseases that can compromise our vision and overall eye health. Ocular eye diseases refer to a diverse range of conditions that affect the structures and functions of the eyes. These diseases can arise from various causes, such as genetics, aging, environmental factors, or underlying health conditions. In this article we are going to learn about Ocular surface diseases with their Ayurvedic point of view, and their Ayurvedic treatment without undergoing any surgical procedure.

Ocular Surface Diseases
Introduction of Ocular Surface Diseases

Ocular surface diseases are conditions that affect the outermost layer of the eye, known as the ocular surface, including the cornea, conjunctiva, and tear film. Some common ocular surface diseases include dry eye syndrome, conjunctivitis (pink eye), and corneal ulcers. Ocular diseases are commonly caused due to imbalance in our tridoshas (Vata, Pitta, Kapha). These further can cause symptoms such as redness, itching, burning, and a gritty sensation in the eyes. And these can be caused by various factors, including environmental irritants, allergies, infections, or underlying health conditions. Ayurveda heals these ocular diseases in a very different manner. Ayurveda believes ocular diseases can be treated when we avoid following or taking the causative factors.

What Are the Causes of Ocular Surface Diseases?

Dry eye syndrome and blepharitis are the leading causes of ocular surface disease, signifying damage to the outermost layers of the eye, specifically the cornea and conjunctiva.

Dry Eye Syndrome is Marked by

  1. Dryness, grittiness feeling, sandy sensation in the eyes.
  2. Additionally includes – redness, mucous discharge, fluctuation of vision, contact lens intolerance, and sometimes, excessive tearing.
  3. Dry eye symptoms often worsen as the day progresses, typically peaking toward the end of the day.

Blepharitis is characterized by inflammation of eyes and shares the same symptoms as Dry eye syndrome but ironically, blepharitis is often more pronounced in the morning and tends to improve throughout the day.

Let’s explore the additional factors contributing to ocular surface disease.

  1. Advancing in age
  2. Hormonal imbalances
  3. Autoimmune disorders
  4. Specific health ailments
  5. Certain prescription drugs
  6. Allergic reactions
  7. Low humidity in the air
  8. Insufficient Vitamin A levels

Treatment Protocol for Ocular Surface Diseases

In modern medicines, the treatment for dry eyes usually starts with using artificial teardrops, gels, and ointments. If that doesn’t help, the allopathic doctors might suggest special eye drops like Restasis or Ceqa, or drops called Xiidra. They might also put tiny plugs in your tear ducts. To make your environment better, or can use a humidifier and avoid windy places. There are other treatments too, like sealing your tear drainage ducts if the plugs don’t stay, using Lacriserts, taking acetylcysteine for gooey stuff in your eyes, or partly closing your eyelids with a small surgery called lateral tarsorrhaphy. Dry eye problems often stick around, but with these treatments, you can only make a temporary relief and when we talk about the ancient system of medicines we can say that these Ocular surface diseases can be handled properly and can give good improvement in condition by using effective herbal medicines. In Ayurveda, Acharya Sushruta gave a general treatment plan for all the Netragata Rogas –

संक्षेपतः क्रिया योगो निदान परिवर्जनम्।

वातादीनां प्रतीघातः प्रोक्ता विस्तरतः पुनः ॥” (सु. उ. १/२४)

This shloka states that, avoiding the causative or reasoning factors is the main goal of the treatment plan in the Netragata rogas even this can apply for every disease. This rule can be followed by every individual who wants to live a healthy and happy life, and is widely known as Sankshipta chikitsa. Second Sutra says, when disease is caused by particular or specified doshas then we have to modify our treatment according to respective doshas. This is done by using effective herbs and Immune enhancing medicines, known as Vistarit chikitsa.

Herbal Remedies for Ocular Surface Diseases by Planet Ayurveda

Planet Ayurveda is a 100% GMP certified herbal production unit, here all the herbal supplements manufactured under the supervision of Ayurveda experts, moreover, these are carefully prepared with the classical methods of preparation mentioned in our Ancient textbooks. Herbal supplements are totally free from cruelty, side effects, chemicals and adulterations. Some of the basic effective formulations which are helpful in Ocular surface diseases are mentioned below

Product List

  1. Angel Eye Vitale Capsules
  2. Saptamrit Loha
  3. Jasnoor Eye Drops
  4. Triphala Ghrit
  5. Amalaki Rasayan

Herbal Products for Ocular Surface diseaseBuy Now: Herbal Products for Ocular Surface disease

Product Description

1. Angel Eye Vitale Capsules

These are the polyherbal capsules prepared by Planet Ayurveda with several ingredients like Triphala (Amalaki Emblica officinalis, Haritaki Terminalia chebula, Vibhitaki Terminalia bellerica), etc. Triphala is said to be the best tridosha shamak herbal medicine and is very effective in Netra rogas.

Dose – 1 capsule twice daily with luke warm water after meals

2. Saptamrit Loha

This herbal product contains ingredients like Mica Bhasma (Abhrak bhasma), Pearl Oyster Shell Bhasma (Mukta shukti bhasma), and many more which are of cold potency and is useful in purification of tear glands, and helps in production of proper quantity of water in eyes with perfect lubrication.

Dose – 2 capsules twice daily with lukewarm water after meals

3. Jasnoor Eye Drops

Planet Ayurveda manufactured these drops with Rose water (Rosa damascena), Madhu (Honey), and Haridra (Curcuma longa), these are useful in maintaining the pitta dosha and helps in nourishment of eyes, helps in dryness, redness and promotes overall eye health.

Dose– 3 drops in each eye after cleansing the eyes with clean water.

4. Triphala Ghrit

It is a classical herbal product mentioned in Ayurvedic texts and containing Triphala (Amalaki Emblica officinalis, Haritaki Terminalia chebula, Vibhitaki Terminalia bellerica), Cow ghee etc. Triphala is said to be the best medicine for eyes, it improves dry eyes with lubricative properties, redness due to pitta shamak property and watering of the eye with the help of kapha shamak property.

Dose– 1/2 tsp twice daily.

5. Amalaki Rasayan

Amalaki Emblica officinalis, acts as an immune booster herb its rasayanik composition works against the viral diseases, bacterial diseases naturally. It creates a strong immune system which fights against infections and helps to get rid of certain diseases effectively. It improves vision and eradicates all other eye issues.
Dose– 1 capsule twice daily.

Contact Planet Ayurveda Support Team to provide you the costing / ordering and delivery information at – costing.planetayurveda@gmail.com or Call at 0172-521-4040 (India), +91-172-521-4040 (Outside India) or Whatsapp at (+91) 9915-593-604


Ocular Surface Disease is a condition which results in discomfort and may produce complications if not treated well on time. One may take a proper Ayurvedic treatment to manage this condition and be helpful in restoring the general health of the eye.

Treatment of Ocular Surface Disease (OSD) in Ayurveda


The eye is very sensitive not only to light and images but also to touch and pain. Therefore, problems with the eyes can often cause a conflict of symptoms, some of which are non-specific but others that can be diagnosed. Eye diseases can be divided into diseases caused by abnormalities in the eye, abnormalities of the ocular surfaces and abnormalities affecting the visual system. The article explains the information about different types of eye diseases.


The damage to the surface layers of the eye- Cornea, Conjunctiva, and eyelids i.e. the ocular disease of the eye with symptoms such as red eye, foreign body, eyelid swelling, photophobia, and irritation. Corneal and conjunctival surfaces are sensitive. This will be a preventive measure that helps to avoid minor injuries at an early stage. There are various types of eye diseases including dry eye, blepharitis, neurotrophic keratitis, ocular rosacea, and meibomian gland dysfunction.

Ocular Surface Disease (OSD)


1. Dry eye

Dry eye causes discomfort and poor vision when the tear film becomes unstable and recurs in the dry area of ​​the face, causing the face and face to become attached to evaporation.


  1. Difficulty wearing contact lens
  2. Eye irritation
  3. Discomfort
  4. Visual impairment with bone involvement
  5. Red eyes
  6. Watery eyes

2. Blepharitis

Blepharitis is the chronic inflammation of the margins of lids, appearing as a simple hyperaemia or as a true inflammation which may occur in two forms: Anterior and Posterior. Blepharitis caused by a parasite is called blepharitis acarica.


  1. Occasional lacrimation
  2. Swollen eyelids
  3. Blurred vision
  4. Sensitivity to light
  5. Eye discomfort
  6. Slow blinking
  7. Redness of eyes

3. Neurotrophic keratitis

This occurs in some cases in which the trigeminal nerve is paralysed, typically as a result of radical treatment for trigeminal neuralgia (a type of chronic pain that involves severe and sudden facial pain) and leads to decreased corneal sensitivity. Only a few cases develop neurotrophic keratitis, the tendency being decreased if there is an adequate tear film.


  1. Vision impairment
  2. Photophobia
  3. Lacrimation
  4. Redness of eyes

4. Ocular rosacea

It is the inflammation that can cause eye redness, burning and itching. It usually occurs in patients with rosacea, a chronic skin condition that affects the face. Sometimes ocular rosacea is the first sign that you will have this face later.


  1. Red eye
  2. Excessive watering
  3. Itching
  4. Irritation
  5. Blurred vision
  6. Photophobia
  7. Eyelid swelling

4. Meibomian gland dysfunction

Meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) is a term used to describe a group of systemic and infectious diseases associated with dysfunction of the meibomian gland. MBD can cause tear changes, eye infections, eye and lid discomfort, and evaporative dry eye.


  1. Burning sensation
  2. Irritation
  3. Dry eye
  4. Watery eyes
  5. Red eyes
  6. Photophobia
  7. Blurred vision


The following are the diagnostic test

  1. Comprehensive eye exam- In this various eye tests are performed by a doctor to check out the abnormality of the eyes. It includes visual acuity, preliminary test, keratometry, refraction etc.
  2. Schirmer test: It measures the amount of tears produced. If the value drops below 6 mm after 5 minutes, a diagnosis of dry eye can be made and the normal value is 10-25 mm.
  3. Osmolarity test: It measures the osmolarity of your tears. It is done specially for dry eyes
  4. Magnetic resonance imaging It is the technique to rule out the cause of neurotrophic keratitis.


In Ayurveda Eye diseases are Netra roga. Synonyms of the eye are Netra, Chakshu, Nayana, Akshi Golaka etc. Netra pramanam (size) is1 angula (breadth of thumb).

Netra Kriya Kalpa (Treatment procedure)

In our Ayurvedic Samhitas, local treatment procedures of Netra are known as Netra Kriya Kalpa.

According to Acharya Charak

  1. Bidalaka
  2. Aashchyotana
  3. anjanam

According to Acharya Sushruta

  1. Seka
  2. Aashchyotana
  3. Pindi
  4. Tarpana
  5. Putpaka


According to Acharya Sushruta(सु .उ.त. 1/26-27)

The below-mentioned are causes of eye disorders.

  1. Entering into the water after getting exposed to the heat of the sun.
  2. Anger in excess
  3. Excessive crying
  4. Disturbed sleep.
  5. Excessive grief
  6. Strain
  7. Injuries to eye
  8. Excessive indulgence in sexual intercourse
  9. Excessive consumption of horse and black gram.
  10. Eye exposure to smoke leads to eye disorders.
  11. Continuously viewing minute objects.


According to Acharya Sushruta(सु .उ.त. 1/20)

By taking a false diet, the vitiated doshas travel through the Siras (Blood vessels) and then reach the upper parts of the body. After that, they afflict the eyes and cause dreadful diseases therein.


According to Sushruta(सु .उ.त. 1/21-23)

  1. Eye discharge
  2. Anger, watery expression
  3. itching
  4. Eyelid adherence due to discharge
  5. Eyelid aggravation
  6. Burning
  7. Stinging
  8. Congestion
  9. Difficulty in opening, and closing eyelids and improper visualisation


Planet Ayurveda offers you the best quantity and quality of Ayurvedic medicines. Planet Ayurveda, which is GMP-certified, gives you pure and natural products. The products are free from all kind of adverse effects and devoid of any additives, fillers and binders. You can check the herbal pack for Ocular Surface Diseases such as:


Herbal Products for Ocular Surface disease

Herbal Supplements for Ocular Surface Disease



Angel Eye Vitale is a polyherbal capsule. It contains an extract of Amla (Emblica officinalis), extracts of Gotukola (Centella asiatica) and extracts of Bhringraj (Eclipta alba). Amla is helpful in the prevention of cataracts. The high antioxidant content of amla juice helps fight free radicals and preserve collagen in the cornea. The extract of Gotukola prevents visual impairment.

Dosage: 1-2 capsules, once or twice daily.


Saptamrit is a herbal tablet that contains yashti (Glycyrrhiza glabra), haritaki (Terminalia chebula), bibhitaki (Terminalia bellirica), Amalaki (Emblica Officinalis), loha bhasma (Iron) etc. Yashti is helpful to cure the dryness of the eyes and also improves the health of the eye. Haritaki is a potent nerve tonic and it is useful in diseases like loss of eyesight and conjunctivitis. Amalaki is used because of its antioxidant property. Amalaki is also called Chakshusya (a rasayan for strengthening the eyes). Loha bhsam has great importance in eye disorders.

Dosage: 1-2 tablets, twice daily.


It is one of the best eye drops which is very useful for eye health. It contains ingredients such as Neem (Azadirachta indica), Shobhanjana (Moringa oleifera), Bhringaraja (False daisy), Punarnava (Boerhavia diffusa), Nirgundi (Vitex negundo) and tulsi (Holy Basil). Neem is good for eye health and is also used to get relief from redness in the eye or irritation. Shobhanjana is used to treat eye allergies. Bhringaraja is useful for eyesight. Punarnava is useful in eye diseases such as corneal opacity, watery eyes and itching in the eyes. Nirgundi is used for its anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties. Tulsi can delay and even prevent the formation of cataracts.

Dosage: 1-2 drops in each eye 3 to 4 times daily or as directed by a physician.


It contains herbs such as Triphala (Amalaki (Emblica Officinalis), Bibhitaki (Terminalia bellirica), Haritaki (Terminalia chebula), swarasa dravya (Bhringraj (Eclipta Alba), Vasa (Adhatoda vasica), Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus) etc, Kalka dravya- Munnaka (Vitis vinifera) etc. It is useful in the treatment of eye problems like eye pain with itching and eyelid-related diseases.

Dosage: 3 to 6 grams mixed with mishri or as prescribed by a doctor.


It is a single herbal capsule that includes Amla (Emblica officinalis) which is a rich source of vitamin C. It works on the Pitta Dosha, that’s why it is beneficial for eye disorders. It is also an immunity booster herb. It provides energy to fight against any disease.

Dosage: 1-2 capsules twice daily.

Contact Planet Ayurveda Support Team to provide you the costing/ordering and delivery information at – costing.planetayurveda@gmail.com or Call at 0172-521-4040 (India), +91-172-521-4040 (Outside India) or Whatsapp at (+91) 842-749-4030.


Eye diseases are eye problems that are often associated with pitta dosha. Most of the time, pitta heaviness causes pain. But we can treat these diseases with herbs like Saptamrita loha, Amalaki rasayan, Triphala ghrit and Jasnoor Eye drops. In Panchakarma, Tarpan, ghee, nasya (oil from the nose) etc. All these drugs and procedures stimulate the blood vessels in our eyes, allowing us to see things more clearly.