Autoimmune disorders are the disorders when the immune system of the body identifies the own muscle/tissue/organ as foreign and attacks them. Then the functions of the targeted organ gets hampered and it results in the altered structure of the organ affected. Masticatory muscle myositis in dogs is an autoimmune inflammatory condition that affects the chewing muscles of the dogs and leads to swelling and pain in the same. In the text below, we shall look into details of the disease. We shall also look at its management in the contemporary veterinary science and in the traditional Indian medicinal system of Ayurveda. Let’s get started!!
Masticatory muscle myositis (MMM) is an autoimmune and inflammatory disease in dogs affecting the muscles of the jaw. Signs include swelling of the jaw muscles and pain on opening the mouth. In chronic MMM there is atrophy of the jaw muscles, and scarring of the masticatory muscles due to fibrosis may result in inability to open the mouth (trismus). The condition is also known as eosinophilic myositis or atrophic myositis. This results when the immune system attacks the masticatory muscles of the dogs. The disease can occur in any breed and can equally affect males and females. The average age of dogs with MMM is 3 years. Further in this text, we shall look into the causes, clinical features, ayurvedic aspect and management of masticatory muscle myositis in detail. Let’s discuss !!
Causes of Masticatory Muscle Myositis (MMM)
- The main cause is autoimmune disease that some dogs may be predisposed to immune mediated disorders. Masticatory muscle myositis (MMM) is one of such conditions.
- Other suspected things that trigger the occurrence of MMM include vaccinations, various allergens, stress, medications, environmental toxins, bacterial/viral infections.
Commonly Affected Breeds
- Doberman Pinschers
- German Shepherds
- Golden Retrievers
- Large breed dogs
- Cavalier King Charles Spaniels
Signs and Symptoms
- Swollen masticatory muscles
- Painful opening of the mouth
- Inability to eat and chew
- Drooling saliva
- Exophthalmos (protrusion of the eyeball)
- Red eyes
- Protrusion of the third eyelid
- Clinical features such as inability to open the mouth, troublesome/problematic eating, swollen muscles that facilitate chewing and the unbearable pain helps in making the diagnosis.
- Blood work helps diagnose masticatory muscle myositis.
- Muscle biopsy helps in making the diagnosis confirmatory and determine the intensity of inflammation and the stage of fibrosis as the deterioration of muscle tissue precedes.
Management of Masticatory Muscle Myositis (MMM)
- The management scenario is based on the usage of an immune-suppressive dose of corticosteroid medication.
- Early management of the condition with corticosteroid offers a chance of remission.
- The dosage of the corticosteroid can be tapered down as the condition of the dog stabilises. The certain side effects of prednisone, the most commonly used drug include excessive thirst, excessive appetite and increased urination despite increased intake of water.
- Pain medications are used to relieve pain associated with masticatory muscle myositis.
Ayurvedic Aspect and Management of Masticatory Muscle Myositis (MMM)
Ayurveda is an Indian traditional system of Ayurveda that has been serving mankind since ancient times. Ayurveda has two objectives – treating the diseases and keeping/maintaining the health of healthy people. Ayurveda is a vast science that helps in various health concerns from acute to chronic and mild to severe.
The direct correlation of the ayurvedic veterinary is not found but some ayurveda practitioners with their expertise in the ayurvedic veterinary have written articles and released textbooks which are full of knowledge of ayurvedic veterinary.
When the management of masticatory muscle myositis is considered, then the main things that come to the light is that the basic things that make the human structure and animal structure are the same as they both belong to mammals. Therefore, some similarities are common. Hence the management depends on the lines of kapha and pitta dosha vitiation.
Medicines such as guduchi kwath, sanjivani vati, panchkol churna, amritarishta, pippalyasavam, mahatikta ghrita, rasa sindoor, shilajatu rasayana etc are effective in the management of masticatory muscle myositis.
Herbal Remedies by Planet Ayurveda for Masticatory Muscle Myositis (MMM)
Planet Ayurveda is an ayurvedic unit and an eminent US-FDA and an ISO 9001:2015 certified company. Planet Ayurveda manufactures the best ayurvedic formulations based on the reference given in the ayurvedic pharmacopoeia and other classical texts. The formulations are available in various forms such as vati (tablets), capsules, lehya (jams), asava arishta (syrups) and churna (powder). The products of Planet Ayurveda are free of contaminants and adulterants. Planet Ayurveda does not use any sort of chemicals, sweet enhancers, colours and other synthetic things to the medicines. Planet Ayurveda extends its wide range of products that are very unique and effective in a number of conditions. Planet Ayurveda presents its products that are helpful in overcoming the condition of masticatory muscle myositis.
Products that are helpful in the Management of Masticatory Muscle Myositis (MMM) are as follows
- YOGRAJ GUGGUL
- JOINT AID PLUS
- BOSWELLIA CURCUMIN
- BRAHMI CAPSULES
- CORAL CALCIUM COMPLEX
1. YOGRAJ GUGGUL
Yograj Guggul is a classical ayurvedic medicine that is effective in the disorders related to the musculoskeletal system. The preparation contains a number of herbs such as amalaki (Emblica officinalis), guggul (Commiphora mukul), vidang (Embelia ribes), ela (Elettaria cardamomum), gokshur (Tribulus terrestris), dalchini (Cinnamomum zeylanica), saindhav lavan (rock salt), shunthi (Zingiber officinale), dhania (Coriandrum sativum) etc. All these herbs are known to manage the musculoskeletal disorders, alleviating inflammation and pain and pacifying the kapha dosha. Hence, with these exotic properties of kapha pacification, Yograj Guggul helps in managing the condition of masticatory muscle myositis.
Dosage: Three tablets twice daily
2. JOINT AID PLUS
Joint Aid Plus is a patent product of Planet Ayurveda which is composed of the herbs that are known to be beneficial for the muscles and bones. The ingredients of the formulation are nirgundi (Vitex negundo), shallaki (Boswellia serrata), guggul (Commiphora mukul), sonth (Zingiber officinale) and ashwagandha (Withania somnifera). Joint Aid Plus helps in alleviating the pain related to the inflamed masticatory muscle. Guggul and shallaki alleviates the inflammation through their anti-inflammatory properties and ashwagandha provides strength to the muscle and hence promotes the activity whereas nirgundi and sonth heals the damage of the muscle and alleviates the pain. With immense properties of these herbs, Joint Aid Plus helps in managing masticatory muscle myositis maximally.
Dosage: Two capsules twice daily
3. BOSWELLIA CURCUMIN
Boswellia Curcumin capsules are a very special and unique formulation prepared by Planet Ayurveda. It is composed of Shallaki (Boswellia serrata) and haridra (Curcuma longa). Both the herbs have analgesic and antiinflammatory activity which helps in the alleviation of inflammation and pain associated with masticatory muscle myositis. It promotes the healing of the affected muscles and also provides strength to the same. Henceforth, Boswellia Curcumin is indeed a very crucial formulation that works wonderfully in the management of masticatory muscle myositis (MMM).
Dosage: Two capsules twice daily
4. BRAHMI CAPSULES
Brahmi capsules of Planet Ayurveda are very helpful in a number of diseased conditions. Brahmi capsules of Planet Ayurveda are filled with the pure herbal extract of the herb brahmi (Bacopa monnieri). Brahmi is a potent analgesic and anti-inflammatory. Brahmi relieves the lethargy and provides a relaxed and good mood by its mind calming properties. With its analgesic properties, brahmi alleviates the pain and elevates the mood of the dog suffering from masticatory muscle myositis. Therefore, Brahmi capsules are such a unique and healthy capsule that helps in the mentioned condition.
Dosage: Two capsules twice daily
5. CORAL CALCIUM COMPLEX
Coral Calcium Complex is a mineral based supplement prepared by Planet Ayurveda. Coral calcium complex is composed of ayurvedic formulation and praval pishti (Coral), akik pishti (Agate), kamdudha ras, jawar mohra pishti, mukta pishti (Pearl) and guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia). All these ingredients of coral calcium complex are vital that keeps the essential minerals that are needed for the working of the musculoskeletal system. Coral Calcium Complex provides all the nutrition to the muscle and helps in the healing of the same and helps in managing masticatory muscle myositis.
Dosage: Two capsules twice daily
Masticatory muscle myositis is a condition that makes the life of a dog pitiful and miserable. And the outlook of the affected patient depends on the extent of inflammation in the muscles and the response of the patient to the given treatment. If the management is started within a short period of time when the condition is not so severe the chances of the recovery stays high and the patient dog usually regains the normal function of the masticatory muscle. Though in certain cases the scar tissue after the fibrosis stays and results in causing certain permanent concerns. There are chances of relapse. But the above-mentioned herbal medicines of Planet Ayurveda makes the condition go away and the chances of recurrence also diminishes. Masticatory muscle myositis is thus an important condition that must be acknowledged as soon as possible and the management of the same should start from the very beginning. In the last, masticatory muscle myositis stays unknown for a long time but as soon as it becomes obvious then the ayurvedic herbal management should be done due to its positive and side-effects free approach.