What is Heart Attack? Causes and Effects — Heart Care Pack


The heart is one of the most important vital organs of the body. The heart makes sure to ensure the survival of each and every cell of the body, by circulating essential oxygen and nutrients. The heart is composed of muscle cells called cardiomyocytes and consists of four chambers 2 auricles and 2 ventricles. The heart receives special blood vessels called coronary arteries for the blood supply. Impaired blood supply to the heart may cause the death of heart cells. In general, the death of heart cells may lead to heart disease or heart attack. This article contains information about heart attacks and associated information.

Heart Attack


A heart attack is also called a myocardial infarction. It happens when the heart muscle is not able to get enough blood. If left untreated, gradually it may lead to heart muscle damage. Excessive intake of trans fats, smoking, and alcohol abuse may lead to atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a degenerative disease in which lipid deposits or plaques appear in the layers of arteries. Atherosclerosis is also one of the biggest reasons which cause of heart attacks. The exact term for this is coronary artery disease. Simply we can say that if there will be an obstruction in the blood flow of the heart, it may lead to heart disease.


The leading cause of heart attacks is coronary heart disease. This is where plaque builds up in the arteries that supply blood to the heart. The general buildup of plaque in the arteries is also known as atherosclerosis.

  1.  Blockage–Heart attacks are prominently associated with the blockage of arteries. Excessive consumption of junk food and poor lifestyle leads to the formation of plaque which leads to blockage of arteries hence causing heart attack.
  2.  Lack of oxygen–Heart attacks may be caused in case the heart doesn’t receive oxygen-rich blood. This may be associated with coronary artery diseases.
  3.  Blood vessel rupturing
  4.  Spasms in blood vessels
  5.  Drug abuse
  6.  Hypoxia or low level of oxygen in the blood
  7.  Hypertension
  8.  Raised levels of blood cholesterol
  9.  Smoking
  10.  Associated conditions like kidney issues, congenital issues like bicuspid heart valves
  11.  Poor lifestyle
  12.  Age and family history can increase your risk for heart disease and heart attack.
  13.  Diabetes
  14.  Hereditary
  15.  Obesity
  16.  Lack of physical work
  17.  Sedentary lifestyle

Symptoms of heart attack

The major symptoms of a heart attack are

  1.  Chest pain or discomfort– Chest pain is one of the specific clinical features of a heart attack. Chest pain is associated mostly with the left or center of the chest. Pain is usually like pressure, fullness, or squeezing pain.
  2.  Cold sweat, weakness
  3.  Pain or tingling sensation in the jaw, back, or neck
  4.  Pain in arms or shoulder
  5.  Breathlessness or shortness of breath
  6.  Tiredness or giddiness
  7.  Weight loss
  8.  Nausea
  9.  Vomiting
  10.  Change in complexion
  11.  Pallor

With Ayurvedic correlation of symptoms

  1. Cyanosis (vai varna)— due to poor blood circulation, bluish discoloration of the skin occurs.
  2.  Syncope (murchha)— loss of consciousness due to the impaired blood supply to the blood.
  3.  Fever (jwara)— fever and feeling low
  4.  Cough (kaas)— due to some underlying condition or build \ of fluid in lungs.
  5.  Hiccup (tikka)–hiccups sometimes are associated with heart failure.
  6.  Dyspnoea (swash)— lack of breath in enough air
  7.  Tastelessness or bad taste (asya-vairagya)— bad taste can be associated as a symptom.
  8.  Excessive thirst (trisha)— due to aggravated pitta there may be an increase in Pitta dosha and hence an increase in thirst can be there.
  9.  Drowsiness (pramoha)— drowsiness may be due to aggravated vata
  10.  Vomiting (chhardi)— the aggravated pitta or kapha may cause vomiting.
  11.  Excessive salivation (kaphotklesha)-– as the name indicates this symptom is associated with aggravated kapha dosha.
  1.  Chest pain (Ruja)— aggravated vata may cause throbbing pain in the chest region.
  2.  Loss of appetite (aruchi)— Loss of appetite may be associated with an imbalance in pitta dosha.

Effects and consequences

There has been a rise in the incidents of heart attacks. Changes in lifestyle in urban areas, and sedentary work culture lead to increased incidents. The ultimate consequence of a heart attack for an individual is dead. But persons associated with that individual suffer other consequences also. Although any individual may suffer from a deadly heart attack, we have seen that it is prevalent much in high-class people, and business persons. The reason behind it is a sedentary lifestyle that is devoid of exercise and walking. Such individuals pay heavily for their medications and treatment. Their families suffer from the loss of a loved one, financial losses, and emotional breakdowns. A person with a family history of hypertension always feels tense. So it is the demand of time to get rid of a sedentary lifestyle, maintain a healthy weight, and eat moderately.


The management of Heart attack consists of the administration of medications. These medications include antiplatelet agents, statins, and beta blockers.

Antiplatelet agents

Aspirin– Aspirin interferes with homeostasis by inhibiting platelet aggregation which is due to TXA2 production. Before it is deacetylated in the liver, aspirin acetylates COX in platelets while they are in portal circulation. Further, platelets are unable to regenerate COX (lack nucleus: do not synthesize fresh protein), while the vessel wall is able to do so (fresh enzyme is synthesized within hours).thus in normal dosage aspirin inhibits TXA2 production and promotes antithrombotic effect. Hence lower the chances of conditions like a heart attack. Aspirin lowers blood clotting hence it promotes blood flow via narrow arteries. Dipyridamole – It is a vasodilator that inhibits phosphodiesterase and blocks the uptake of adenosine to increase platelet cANP which potentiates PGI2 and interferes with aggregation. Dipyridamole has also been used to enhance the antiplatelet action of aspirin. Statins – Drugs like atorvastatin control the cholesterol levels in the body. Statins also help to lower the levels of bad cholesterol. Beta-blockers – Beta blockers are useful to relax the muscles of the heart. These drugs help to lower the heartbeat and control blood pressure. Also, beta blockers are helpful to control the damage to heart muscles and help to prevent further heart attack incidents. Atenolol is a potent beta-blocker.

Ayurvedic treatment is based on the management of tridoshas. Vataja heart disease can be managed with herbs like Devadaru (Cedrus deodara), Punarnava (BoerhaviaDiffusa), Kulattha (Dolichos biflorus), Bilva (Aegle marmelos), Indian gooseberry and jaggery. In pittaj heart diseases herbs like Katphala (Myrica nagi), Yashtimadhu (Glycyrrhiza glabra), honey, and Arjuna (T. arjuna) are very useful. In Kapha-associated heart disease Haritaki (Terminalia chebula), Ginger (Zingiber officinale), Ativisha (Aconitum Heterophyllum), Devadaru (Cedrus deodara). These herbs as mentioned in the texts are beneficial to maintain the heart rate, strengthening the muscle tissue, and helping to treat the affected doshas.

It is important to lead an active life with a good workout according to the body’s BMI. Avoid virudhaharam (incompatible diet) and take the diet according to the season.  Lead an active life with workouts and exercise. Avoid negative thoughts and stress. Yoga,dhyan, and pranayam should be part of daily life. Kaphaj Sahara vihar should be avoided in case of high triglycerides.

Ayurvedic aspect

From the ayurvedic perspective, we can correlate heart issues with Haridyarog. Vyana Vata (a type of vata), sadhana pitta (a type of pitta that resides in the heart), and avalambaka kapha (a type of kapha) are associated with the heart. These are the types of vata, pitta, and kapha residing in the heart. Rasa, rakta, muscular tissue, oja, Pran Vayu (oxygen), vyana vayu (autonomic nervous system & central nervous system), sadhana pitta and avalambaka kapha are the basic elements, which maintain the integrity of the cellular structure and various functions of the heart. Factors that affect these basic elements can lead to heart disease. Heart disease can be associated with a complication of other diseases.

The classification of Hriday rog is as below

  1. Adibalapravrutta (Hereditary heart disease)
  2. Janambalapravritta (congenital heart disease)
  3. Doshabalapravrutta (Vataja, pittaja, Kaphaja, sannipatika)
  4. Sanghatabalapravrutta (Traumatic, poisoning)
  5. Kalalbalapravrutta (Environmental seasonal)
  6. Swabhava Balakruta (Ageing, Death)
  7. Adhyatmika (Psychological factors leading to heart disease)
  8. Daivabalakruta (idiopathic, bad luck due to bad deeds of previous lives)

Another concept associated with the heart chakra is associated with energy. The heart chakra can be considered a junction between the inner and outer world. Heart energy is associated with love feelings, loneliness, sadness, and grief. Hence the heart chakra is a nerve plexus, and the number of energetic pathways meets in this chakra. These pathways enhance energy and hence help to promote heart health.

Herbal remedies for heart attack by Planet Ayurved

Is a GMP-certified hub for the best and most authentic herbal remedies. Herbal formulations are formed on the basis of classical formulations and are result-oriented, immunity boosters, and able to manage modern-day problems with ayurvedic solutions. The heart care pack is specifically formulated to manage Cardiac issues. This pack is loaded with herbs mentioned in texts known to enhance heart functioning. Below is the description of the heart care pack.

Product List

1. Arjuna Capsules

2. Arjuna Tea

3. Total Heart Support

Herbal Remedies For Heart AttackHerbal Remedies For Heart Attack

Product Description

1. Arjuna Capsules 

Arjuna Capsules are loaded with extract of Arjuna (Terminalia arjuna). Arjuna is a well-known herb to enhance and boosts cardiac activity. It is the best-known heart rejuvenator. It promotes heart health and maintains cardiac circulation. It is a cardioprotective and natural blood thinner. Arjuna is helpful for all kinds of circulatory problems. The bark of arjuna contains Arjunolic acid. Also, arjuna is loaded with a variety of other vitamins and antioxidants. Arjuna capsules are helpful to manage raised blood pressure and hence counter hypertension. It is also a very good blood purifier hence helpful to manage problem like leukoderma. Arjuna is a well-known herb to counter the levels of bad cholesterol and improves heart health. Arjuna capsules of Planet Ayurveda are best, derived from vegetarian sources with no side effects

Dosage 2 Capsules, twice daily with plain water.

2. Arjuna Tea

Arjuna tea as the name indicates is a tea loaded with Arjuna. Arjuna tea contains Arjuna powder. It helps to strengthen the heart muscles and acts as a cardiac toner. Arjuna tea can be the best alternative to milk tea for the heart. It is sweet and promotes a fresh mood. It is also a mood enhancer and appetizer. It is also effective in supporting healthy blood vessels and the circulatory system.

Dosage  1 Cup, twice daily.

3. Total Heart Support

Total heart support is the capsules loaded with Arjuna (Terminalia Arjuna), Ashwagandha (Withania somniferum), Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri), and Shankhapushpi (Convolvulus pluricaulis). Total heart support is a combination of extracts of these herbs. These herbs in combination are best to relieve stress, pacify insomnia and increase the ejection fraction of the heart valves. Also, heart support capsules help to strengthen the muscles of the heart. The total heart support capsules of Planet Ayurveda are useful for all the problems associated with the heart and act as rejuvenators.

Dosage  2 Capsules, twice daily with plain water.



In conclusion, we can say that heart attacks are increasing day by day. People working in a stressful environments, corporate sectors, and doing night shifts are more prone. Drug addicts and people having poor dietary habits may also suffer from dreadful conditions like heart attacks. It is important to follow the natural ways of life. Excessive use of synthetic drugs may decrease the expectancy of life. Ayurveda promotes longevity. It is important to educate people regarding the benefits of Ayurveda. The herbal products of Planet Ayurveda are best to improve heart health and lower plaque and cholesterol levels. The herbal products are best, authentic, and result-oriented to upgrade heart health hence the whole body.    

Dr. Vikram Chauhan


DR. Vikram Chauhan, MD - AYURVEDA is an expert ayurvedic doctor based in Chandigarh, India and doing his practice in Mohali, India. He is spreading the knowledge of Ayurveda - Ancient healing treatment, not only in India but also abroad. He is the CEO and Founder of Planet Ayurveda Products, Planet Ayurveda Clinic and Krishna Herbal Company. Write at - herbalremedies123@yahoo.com, Contact at - +91-172-521-4030 Websites - www.planetayurveda.com, www.alwaysayurveda.com

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